What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Historically, persons with bipolar disorder may have been called simply moody or even insane at times. Later, the diagnosis was called manic-depression. While this term is still sometimes used, the generally accepted term is “bipolar disorder”.

The two major phases of bipolar disorder are mania and depression. There are other facets of the illness, but they are all aspects of the two. Bipolar disorder is found equally in men and women. About 1 percent of the population can be found to have bipolar disorder.

Mania can be further divided into two categories: hypomania and full-blown mania. Hypomania is simply a state of intense energy and often high productivity. Those who never go beyond this point in bipolar disorder can be great salesmen or high-powered businessmen. The problem is that, for many, full-blown mania is just around the corner.

Full-blown mania tends to have more devastating effects on the person with bipolar disorder. The activity becomes so intense that ventures are undertaken with no actual potential for success, although the person with bipolar disorder cannot see that fact.

There is no consideration for the consequences of actions. Money may be spent which is needed for basic needs. Checks may be written when there is no money in the account. People with bipolar disorder are also often overly generous and give away things that they highly treasure or cannot afford to give away. They tend to regret these gifts later.

The manic state in those with bipolar disorder can be characterized, too, by a gregariousness that is beyond the ordinary out-going person’s. This can lead to, among other things, sexual exploits that will cause unwanted results such as pregnancies, disease, or damage to relationships.

The manic phase of bipolar disorder can lead into a period of psychosis. This is marked by bizarre thoughts, such as delusions, or hallucinations. When in a state like this, people with bipolar disorder cannot protect themselves from hazards in their environments because they no longer know what is real.

Usually with mania, eventually there comes depression. The person with bipolar disorder may retreat into seclusion, may even go to bed for days. Sleeping, appetite, and energy level will all be effected.

The gravest danger for the person with bipolar disorder is suicide. All threats should be taken seriously, of course. However, during the depression phase of bipolar disorder they should be especially guarded against.

There has also been a tern for those who abuse drugs and alcohol to help them cope with bipolar disorder. This is called “dual diagnosis”. It occurs especially in adults and teenagers. These addictions further complicate both the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder. However, it seems to go along with the disease in many instances.

People with bipolar disorder have a wide variety of problems to manage. The reason for optimism is that many have found ways, through medication, therapy, routines, and other methods, to have some degree of control.

People have been having problems such as these for centuries. It is just in modern times that there has been adequate help for the condition. The name for bipolar disorder is newer than the disease, but whatever you call it, its effects can range from the difficult to the deadly. Treatment can be crucial.

What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

From historical figures to celebrities to everyday people, there are many people with bipolar disorder. Whether one hears of these people on television or in real life, the question often arises as to how they know they have bipolar disorder. So, what are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?

Since there are two distinct parts of bipolar disorder, there are also two separate sets of symptoms of bipolar disorder. These symptoms of bipolar disorder many times reflect opposites from the manic to the depressive sides of the illness.

The most obvious of the opposites in the symptoms of bipolar disorder is level of energy and activity. In depression, the person will feel a loss of energy and suffer from fatigue. That person may even appear to be slow. On the other hand, the manic person will have an increased level of energy and much more than usual activity.

Degree of self-esteem is another of the symptoms of bipolar disorder. A depressed person feels unworthy or is guilt-ridden. A manic, though, is so full of him- or herself that he or she has unreasonable ideas of him- or herself or even delusions of grandeur.

This loss of self-esteem may be what leads the depressed person to be indecisive, and overblown self importance that urges the manic to become reckless. Neither the depressed person nor the manic one sees these decision-making processes as symptoms of bipolar disorder. But that is exactly what they are.

The symptoms of bipolar disorder differ from the depressive to the manic mostly because the general themes are different. In depression, everything is slow, dull, small, introverted, and hopeless. In mania, things are overblown, huge, fast, outgoing, and full of impossible dreams.

Some symptoms of bipolar disorder seem, on the surface, to be similar. For example, The poor concentration of the depressed person may appear similar to the distraction of the manic person. They both, in fact, have trouble holding a thought in their heads. This happens for different reasons, though. The depressed person has fewer thoughts but just cannot focus on any, while the manic person has excessive thought and goes rapidly from one to the next.

Sleep cycles vary in both depressed people and manic people. This is one of the symptoms of bipolar disorder which cause trouble for both. The depressed person may not care whether he or she sleeps or not, sometimes sleeping for long periods and sometimes not bothering to go to bed. The manic person will most surely feel little or no need for sleep. He or she may go without sleep for days.

The symptoms of bipolar disorder which vary the most from depressives to manics happen at the far ends of the spectrum. A person who is extremely depressed is likely to think dark thoughts about death, suicide, and even plans to commit suicide. The person who is manic enough can have strange thoughts such as delusions, and bizarre perceptions such as auditory and visual hallucinations.

If a person is truly bipolar, he or she will display some, if not all, of the symptoms of bipolar disorder on both the depressed and manic sides of the line. Because this illness is so serious and can have life changing consequences for the person with it, it is important to recognize the symptoms of bipolar disorder.

What Are the Causes of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a difficult illness to manage and to treat. Many who have it may ask themselves, “Why me? What caused all this?” There are great disagreements as to the causes of bipolar disorder. They all tend to go back to the old nature/nurture controversy. In other words, does a thing happen to a person because of who he or she is, or because of the environment he or she grew up in?

The nature side of bipolar disorder causes has always been seen in family histories. This, however, can be misleading. Families often pass behaviors on from one generation to the next, regardless of whether family members are natural relatives or adopted ones.

The scientific concept of correlation without causation may account for shared histories of bipolar disorder in biologically unrelated siblings. This concept is easy to grasp. For example, a man could state that all summer, every time he got a sunburn he ate fish. So, did the sunburn cause the man to eat fish? No, but the act of fishing both caused the man’s skin to burn and allowed him to catch a fish, which he then ate. In a similar way, bipolar disorder can occur in families without anything in one family member’s bipolar disorder causing the bipolar disorder of another.

Also, for whatever reason, people with bipolar disorder are often drawn to each other. In this case it is unclear whether the families formed come together because of their shared genetically similar predisposition towards bipolar disorder, or whether some members of the families are genetically more prone to bipolar disorder but the illness of some other members of the family becomes exaggerated more than it would in another environment.

Research into the genetic causes of bipolar disorder is often done using twin studies. It is assumed that twins will have environments that are as close as is possible. Identical twins are used to show the effects of genetics, since they will share the same genetic materials. Fraternal twins are used as a control group. While these twins share nearly identical environments with their twins, the fraternal twins have less genetic material in common.

It has been shown through these twin studies, and other studies where identical twins are compared to adopted siblings, that there does seem to be a genetic basis for bipolar disorder. Only one percent of the population has bipolar disorder. Fraternal twins, who share some genetic information, are 20 percent more likely to have the disease if one has it. The percentage for identical twins is even higher, at around 60 to 80 percent chance of one having it if the other does.

Environmental causes of bipolar disorder are more difficult to assess. Bipolar disorder has been proven to have a chemical basis in the brain, but the chemical reactions can be caused by any number of factors. A history of losses early in life can be a contributing factor, as can any major source of stress. Physical illnesses such as cancer and others can lead to a depressive state, which is then often followed by mania.

Neither genetics nor environment can fully explain the causes of bipolar disorder. Research is constantly being undertaken in both areas. In the meantime, the nature/nurture controversy is just beginning to heat up.

Treatments for Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness which causes mood swings and mood cycling. Mood cycling refers to the transition between mania and depression. Mania, or manic episodes, typically consist of feelings of elation and invincibility, and cause disorientation, lack of sleep, and obsessive behaviors. Depression typically consists of feelings of overwhelming sadness and low self worth.

There are many treatments available for bipolar disorder, ranging from medications to therapy. There are too many medications to be discussed here in depth. There are also many forms therapy can take, and techniques that can be learned to assist the patient in gaining some control over their bipolar disorder.

Typically, bipolar disorder is treated with more than one medication. This is due to the dual nature of bipolar disorder. Most patients need at least two medications: one to control depression and one to control mania. The combination of these two types of medication works to obtain balance in moods and stop mood cycling. Often, a third medication, called a mood stabilizer, is also prescribed. The most common mood stabilizer is Topomax.

Popular medications for treatment of mania in bipolar patients include lithium, valproate (Depakote), carbamazepine (Tegretol), olanzapine (Zyprexa), and ziprasidone (Geodon). Lithium has long been considered the miracle drug of bipolar disorder. It is a sodium based medication that helps to balance the chemical imbalance in the brain that causes manic episodes in bipolar patients.

Valproate, or Depakote, was originally developed as a seizure medication. However, its effects on bipolar patients who have rapid cycling bipolar (moods that cycle every few hours or days rather than weeks or months), it has been quite effective. Carbamazepine, or Tegretol, is another anti-seizure medication. While it appears to have similar effects on bipolar disorder as Depakote, it has not yet been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use as a bipolar disorder treatment.

Olanzapine, or Zyprexa, and Ziprasidone, or Geodon, are both anti-psychotic drugs, and are particularly effective for treatment of bipolar disorder in which mania becomes so severe that psychotic symptoms are present.

Medications for treatment of depression are called anti-depressants. Common anti-depressants include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and sertraline (Zoloft). All of these medications have been proven to be successful treatments for depression, although Celexa and Prozac are the most commonly prescribed.

Typically, treatment of bipolar disorder includes a combination of medications and therapy, or counseling. However, in some cases, medication may not be necessary for milder cases of bipolar disorder. In other cases, medication may not be desired by the patient, and the patient may wish to seek out other alternatives to medication for treatment of their bipolar disorder.

For these patients, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be quite effective. CBT is a method of bipolar disorder treatment that involves teaching the patient techniques to recognize triggers and symptoms of their mood cycling, and use that information and recognition to prevent the triggers from occurring, or the mood cycling from being quite as severe. Most of these techniques require the patient to develop cognitive thinking skills as well as critical thinking and problem solving capabilities. If the bipolar disorder is severe to the point that the patient is unable to engage in these thinking abilities and skills, CBT may not be a viable form of treatment in and of itself.

Overall, there are many treatments available for bipolar disorder. There are many options for the patient that can be discussed with the patient’s doctors. If a patient is not satisfied with the form their treatment is taking, they should discuss it with their doctor, and not be afraid to change doctors in order to change treatment methods. All in all, effective and successful treatment of bipolar disorder rests in the hands of the patient.

Recognizing Bipolar Disorder Symptoms

There may come a time when a person needs to determine if a loved one needs to seek help for his or her problems. In fact, there may come a time for many when it is important to be able to recognize bipolar disorder symptoms.

Bipolar disorder symptoms fall into three main categories. These are manic symptoms, psychotic symptoms, and depressive bipolar disorder symptoms. If several of these symptoms are occurring, it may be time to go in for a consultation.

Manic bipolar disorder symptoms are numerous. They all share a certain feeling, though. Everything is faster, grander, and generally bigger than life. A person in a manic state may be much more active than usual. He or she may think and talk faster than he or she usually does. Everything about that person is exaggerated, including his or her overwhelming feeling of self importance.

Such a person may have grand schemes and adventures in the works. When these plans don’t pan out, that person will generally put the blame on some extraneous factor if, in fact, he or she takes the time to consider it at all. Usually, it’s simply off to the next idea. These are not just whimsical behaviors, but are actually bipolar disorder symptoms.

When manic, people tend to be reckless. They can end up doing things that effect their personal relationships or may go so far as landing them in jail. This may be seen by someone who is not alert to bipolar disorder symptoms as simply a problem with their conduct. The truth is that those people probably need treatment to do better. It isn’t just a matter of making up one’s mind to do the right thing.

There are also physical bipolar disorder symptoms of mania that may be quite obvious. A person who feels little or no need for food or sleep may turn out to be in a manic state. While some may be able to function this way, at least for awhile, most of us need rest and sustenance to maintain ourselves.

Psychotic bipolar disorder symptoms come mostly with mania, but can come often with mixed moods and occasionally with depressive bipolar disorder symptoms. Psychosis merely refers to a break with reality. This can come in the form of hallucinations, both auditory (hearing voices, etc.) and visual. Delusions, or false beliefs, are also bipolar disorder symptoms. For example, a person may falsely believe that he or she is actually some famous historical figure.

During depression, bipolar disorder symptoms can often be easily seen if one is willing to look carefully. Apathy may be a sign of depression, but other clues are even more telling. Indecisiveness and low self esteem seem to go hand in hand in depressive bipolar symptoms.

Physical bipolar disorder symptoms of depression include fatigue, weight gain or loss, and eating or sleeping more or less than usual. The person who is displaying bipolar disorder symptoms of depression seems to be telling the world that he or she simply doesn’t care enough take good physical care.

One should never look for trouble where there is none. There is no need to be afraid of any slight variation in the moods or habits of a loved one. However, if things just don’t seem right, it doesn’t hurt to be able to recognize bipolar disorder symptoms.

Psychiatric Evidence of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a serious mental illness that has eluded doctors for decades. For many years, bipolar disorder patients were diagnosed as psychotic or Schitsophrinia. However, about twenty years ago, manic depression became a more common diagnosis. Psychiatric specialists still, however, did not really understand the illness.

Over time, more psychiatric evidence has come to light that proves that bipolar disorder, as it is now called, is actually caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. Other factors, both medical and situational, can be involved as well. In the last few years, psychiatric specialists and researchers have determined that bipolar disorder actually has varying degrees of severity, as well as types of symptoms.

Studies of bipolar patients conducted by psychiatric professionals and researchers has long suggested that bipolar disorder runs in families, or, in other words, is hereditary. Through careful study and research of the functions of the brain, it has now been determined how this illness is indeed hereditary and biological in nature.

According to research posted in the American Journal of Psychiatry in 2000, patients with bipolar disorder actually have thirty percent more brain cells of a certain class that have to do with sending signals within the brain. These additional brain cells cause patients’ brains to actually behave differently, making them predisposed to have periods of mania or depression.

According to researchers, this type of brain cell regulates moods, how someone responds to stress, and cognitive functions. When the extra brain cells are present, a congestion of cells regulated one type of mood or cognitive function is overloaded, and therefore causes a bout of mania or depression. It is not yet known by psychiatric researchers, however, why patients with bipolar disorder have these additional brain cells. To discover this, more genetic research will be required.

In addition to brain cells and brain chemistry, it has also been speculated by psychiatric researchers that various genes in the genetic makeup of bipolar patients can also contribute to the cause of and hereditary nature of bipolar disorder. Studies have been ongoing experimenting with removal of the gene in mice. The evidence suggests that circadian genes, which regulate mood, hormones, blood pressure, and heart activity may be linked to bipolar disorder. Specifically, the absence or abnormality of the gene actually seems to bring about mania episodes.

All in all, more research needs to be done. Medical and psychiatric researchers and doctors have a lot more to learn about the brain and how it functions. While current treatments seem to work for bipolar disorder, they also have severe side effects. Often, medications prescribed for bipolar disorder have to be monitored, dosages modified, or medications switched entirely for patients to maintain balance. The more we learn about the brain and it’s functions, the more we can learn about the physical, biological causes of bipolar disorder. The more we learn about the causes of bipolar disorder, the more likely it will become that effective treatments can be found that offer little side effects and more permanent treatment options for bipolar patients.

Prozac for Bipolar Disorder, Bulimia, and Anxiety

Prozac is a medication often prescribed for bipolar disorder, bulimia, and anxiety disorders. The medication is highly effective because it acts as a serotonin inhibitor, which means that it helps balance serotonin levels in the brain. Serotonin levels are responsible for mood stability, depressive states, and control of anxiety, fears, or phobias.

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness that is caused by a combination of biological, neurological, emotional, and situational factors. The true causes of bipolar disorder are not yet fully understood. However, it is understood that imbalances in the neurotransmitters of the brain, such as serotonin, are partially responsible for the predisposition of bipolar disorder in some patients.

Bulimia is an eating disorder in which the patient eats excessively then purges themselves of the food they have eaten through either vomiting or induced bowel movements. Bulimia is caused by a combination of psychological and emotional factors, and in some cases environmental factors. The emotional factors relating to bulimia are very similar if not identical to factors involved with depression and low self worth issues, which are connected to serotonin levels in the brain.

Anxiety disorders are thought to be caused by erratic fluctuations in brain chemistry. Anxiety is defined as the intense somewhat debilitating feeling that something horrible is going to happen. Everyone feels anxiety at some point, but typically the normal person has a logical reason to feel anxious. With anxiety disorders, the reason for the anxiety may not be known, or it may not be logical if it is known.

Prozac is an effective treatment for bipolar disorder, bulimia, and anxiety because it controls and balances the serotonin levels in the brain. In bipolar patients, it is often prescribed in conjunction with other medications. Prozac is an effective treatment for depression, but may cause manic episodes to worsen. For this reason, Prozac is generally prescribed along with an anti-psychotic drug that helps tone down manic episodes. Therapy sessions or counseling is also generally a part of treatment.

In bulimia patients, Prozac is often the only prescription given. However, it is combined with treatment of symptoms via counseling and therapy. The idea behind this counseling is to identify why the patient has developed a sense of self-worth, and to allow the patient to learn that what they perceive is not necessarily reality. This is very helpful in bulimia patients who binge and purge as a result of how they perceive their bodies.

Anxiety patients are often prescribed Prozac with great success. Counseling may also be a part of treatment. In therapy sessions, patients may learn techniques to control their anxiety through rationalization of situations that may not at first appear rational. For example, if a patient feels anxiety over a cigarette burning in an ashtray, they can learn techniques to allow their mind to rationalize the situation and understand that there is no real danger of fire, and therefore no reason for the anxiety. These techniques are very successful in conjunction with Prozac for treating anxiety.

Overall, Prozac is an effective treatment for many mood disorders. Along with Lithium, it is often considered a miracle drug, helping patients gain stability and normal lives while living with an unstable, unrealistic view of themselves or their surroundings.

Pediatric Bipolar Versus Asperger’s Disorder

Pediatric bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness that presents itself in patients as mood swings or mood cycling. Pediatric bipolar type one patients tend to experience episodes of mania alternating with periodic episodes of depression. Pediatric bipolar type two patients tend to experience episodes of depression interspersed with periodic episodes of mild mania. Depression symptoms include anger, extreme sadness, sleeping too much, and feelings of worthlessness. Manic symptoms include bursts of rage, extreme happiness, increased energy, hyperactivity, distractibility, sleeping too little, and obsessive behaviors.

Pediatric bipolar disorder is caused by a combination of neurological, biological, emotional, and environmental factors. Not all factors are present in every case, although most cases include biological and environmental factors. Little is known about the exact causes of pediatric bipolar disorder. However, advances are being made in this area.

Asperger’s disorder can be described as a mild form of autism. Actually, asperger’s disorder is a type of pervasive development disorder that can cause developmental issues, especially in the areas of communication and social development. Symptoms of asperger’s disorder include problems with social skills, odd or repetitive behavior or habits, communication difficulties, and obsession with a limited range of interests.

The causes of asperger’s disorder are not yet known. Studies show that asperger’s disorder tends to run in families, meaning that it is hereditary. This fact shows that the underlying cause of asperger’s disorder must be biological, meaning that it is either genetic or neurologically related.

Pediatric bipolar disorder can be misdiagnosed as asperger’s disorder because pediatric bipolar disorder can present itself via symptoms such as obsessive compulsive behavior, odd habits, and bouts of rage. Patients of pediatric bipolar disorder and asperger’s disorder both have symptoms that lead to lacking social development skills, educational issues, behavioral issues, and anger issues.

Pediatric bipolar can also be present in conjunction with asperger’s disorder. Typically, this is the case. It is unknown, however, if the pediatric bipolar disorder is a result of the asperger’s disorder, or if the same neurological issues that cause asperger’s disorder are related to the chemical imbalances in the brain thought to be the cause of pediatric bipolar disorder. Answers to these questions will likely come to light as research in neurological, technological and psychiatric areas continue to progress.

Medication treatments for pediatric bipolar and asperger’s disorders are quite similar. There are no medications for asperger’s disorder; however, medications exist to treat the symptoms of asperger’s disorder. Since the symptoms of asperger’s disorder, such as depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, and anxiety, are the same symptoms often experienced with pediatric bipolar disorder, the medications used in both instances are the same.

Counseling treatments are also commonly used for both pediatric bipolar and asperger’s disorders, used in conjunction with medication or alone. Most asperger’s patients do not need medication. Counseling is required, however, to help the patient cope with their disability. Counseling treatments for pediatric bipolar disorder are considered necessary, with or without medication. These treatments can help the patient learn to recognize and correct irrational emotions or behavior.

If you notice your child exhibiting any of the behaviors mentioned in this article, you should contact your pediatrician, doctor, therapist, or other health care professional to obtain a proper diagnosis and start a viable treatment plan. Undiagnosed or untreated pediatric bipolar or asperger’s disorder can lead to

Latest Medications for Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar affective disorder, also known as manic depression disorder, is a mental illness that causes the patient to experience mood swings or mood cycling, involving depressive episodes, mania episodes, and/or mixed episodes. There are many treatment options for bipolar affective disorder. The most successful treatments are a combination of medications and counseling or therapy.

Within the last five years there have been several substantial breakthroughs in research toward finding the true biological cause of bipolar affective disorder. This research has lead to the development of several new bipolar affective disorder medications. A few of the more popular latest medications for bipolar affective disorder are described below.

Abilify, or Aripiprazole, is an atypical anti-psychotic. It was approved for treatment of manic and mixed bipolar disorder episodes in 2004, and further approved as a maintenance medication for bipolar disorder in 2005. While most anti-psychotic medications work by shutting down dopamine receptors in the brain, Abilify works by making the dopamine receptors behave more normally. This stabilization makes this latest medication the ideal treatment for bipolar affective disorder.

Celexa is an antidepressant that has been around for several years. However, it has been used with increasingly more frequency in the last few years for the treatment of bipolar affective disorder. This is due to the fact that Celexa has proven to be more selective than other anti-depressants. This essentially means that with Celexa, fewer bipolar patients need a mood stabilizer to prevent the antidepressant from sending them zooming into a manic episode. It has been extremely successful as a maintenance medication for bipolar affective disorder.

Geodon is an anti-psychotic that works as a mood stabilizer in bipolar affective disorder patients. The most exciting thing about this latest mood stabilizer medication is that it is not associated with weight gain. It works in much the same way as Zyprexa, which has been proven to be a very successful medication for the treatment of bipolar affective disorder. However, unlike Zyprexa, side effects are fewer, milder, and do not include weight gain!

Wellbutrin, also sold as Zyban, was originally developed as a medication to help people stop smoking, in which it has been quite successful. In recent years, however, it has been discovered, quite by accident, that it is even more successful as an antidepressant when used as a medication for bipolar affective disorder. Chemically, it is unrelated to any other antidepressant, and it is unknown why it works so well with bipolar patients. One advantage to Wellbutrin is that it is a weight stable medication, meaning that patients will typically not see weight gain or weight loss.

As technology and research progresses, more effective medications for bipolar affective disorder are bound to be developed. Successful treatment of bipolar affective disorder is the goal of many researchers, psychologists, and psychiatrists. Discuss treatment options with your doctor often, and keep track of the latest developments in medications for bipolar affective disorder, so that you can appreciate the benefits of successful treatment for your bipolar affective disorder.

Famous People With Bipolar Disorder Past and Present

There have been many famous people with bipolar disorder, or thought now to have had it based on their lifeworks and stories. There have been so many, in fact, that it is considered by some to be a mark of genius. That may or may not be true, but it is easy to see why the connection in made after a look at the many famous people with bipolar disorder.

Writers have been, and continue to be, some of the great famous people with bipolar disorder. Mark Twain was one such writer. He, like many such writers, was highly functional in his writing. However, he could be depressed-seeming and pessimistic at times. He also had overblown business ideas which. Like many manics’ ideas never were accomplished.

Kurt Vonnegut, who wrote the modern classic Slaughterhouse-Five and many other books, and William Faulkner, who created an entire fictional place called Yoknapatawha County as a setting for his novels, were two other famous people with bipolar disorder

Some of the most well-known names in modern history have been thought to have had this disorder. These famous people with bipolar disorder include names such as: Winston Churchill, Abbie Hoffman, Edgar Allen Poe, Beethoven, Van Gogh, Isaac Newton. The world would not have been the same without these and the many other famous people with bipolar disorder.

Some famous people with bipolar disorder have written about the disorder. Most notably, Patty Duke wrote a lengthy book on the subject of her own illness. There have been other famous people with bipolar disorder who have written books about the subject. Kay Redfield Jamison, a psychologist well-known in her field wrote two books, including a memoir and a treatise on the connection between the illness and creativity. Besides these, there have been many other books written by famous people with bipolar disorder about their experiences.

Some famous people with bipolar disorder have been posthumously diagnosed to have had it. Many are current stars and may have actually received the diagnosis from their doctors. Some of these are actresses Linda Hamilton, Margot Kidder, Carrie Fisher, and Patty Duke. Others are musicians such as Kurt Cobain, Ozzy Osbourne, Axel Rose, and Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails.

In the past, famous people with bipolar disorder lived very difficult lives. They may not have even known that they had any kind of disorder at all. Many thought the way of mania and depression was just the way of the world.

Now, famous people with bipolar disorder are under an extraordinary amount of pressure to work through their cycles of mania and depression. The case of Kurt Cobain proved that bipolar disorder untreated is a disaster. On the other hand, many feel that the medications stunt their creativity. Therapy is seen by some as a vent by which the powerful force of their expression is lost.

This is a controversial topic, and many doctors feel that great strides have been made in medications that are not as debilitating to the creative person. Therapy, too, has changed in many quarters. One thing is certain. The prognosis is better these days than it ever has been for famous people with bipolar disorder.

Exploring the Various Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar disorders are not all alike. There are even specialized categories for the bipolar disorders which doctors use to distinguish one kind from another. This makes it easier for them to discuss the particular types of problems a patient might be having. A fairly benign and often overlooked member of the family of bipolar disorders is hypomania. It is overlooked for good reason. It is seldom a problem for the person who has it. It may even increase his chances for success by making him more outgoing, quick thinking, and optimistic. Treatment is rarely sought and seldom needed.

The most common disorder to be thought of as one of the bipolar disorders is bipolar I. This encompasses all those who suffer from alternating manic and depressed states. Those with bipolar I go from having the highest opinion of themselves to having little regard for their own well being. They go from periods of fast and outlandish activity to times of desperation and thoughts of death.

Of all the bipolar disorders, bipolar I is perhaps the most difficult to treat. Mood stabilizers such as lithium or anticonvulsants are useful. If depression, or especially mania, turns into psychosis, an antipsychotic medication is called for to bring the patient back to reality.

The difficulty comes in treating simple depression in bipolar I. An antidepressant would seem to be in order but, for the person who may become manic, it may be dangerous. It could start a cycle of rapid changes from depression to mania and back again in relatively short order. In the bipolar disorders this problem is most prevalent in bipolar I.

Dual diagnosis is another of the bipolar disorders. This is the combination of any bipolar disorder with alcohol and/or drug abuse. Most often, the abuse, in this case, of alcohol or drugs comes after the onset of one of the bipolar disorders.

These substances are used by the person with bipolar disorder to alleviate the symptoms of the illness. A stimulant may seem to help a person to overcome depression, and a depressant, such as alcohol may be thought to lessen the over activity of mania, for example. In reality, the abuse of drugs and/or alcohol only makes the episodes more severe in the end. This is not an answer for those with bipolar disorders.

Less obvious, but also considered one of the bipolar disorders, is MDD, or major depression. People with MDD spend most of the time that they are ill being depressed. They may have minor and short manic episodes, but the depression dominates. For these people, life is grim, unsatisfying, and perhaps seems unbearable. Episodes of depression for these people may last for months or sometimes years.

Treatment for these people is usually less complicated. They may respond well to antidepressants, talk therapy, and even to something as simple as exercise. There is less chance of triggering a manic episode, so treatment is less risky in these bipolar disorders.

There are many bipolar disorders. There are also many ways to treat these bipolar disorders. The trick is to match a disorder to the correct treatment and to encourage the patient to follow that treatment to the best of his or her ability. Having words to describe the different bipolar disorders makes it that much easier for the doctors and others to do their parts.

Concerns of Bipolar Disorder Self Injury

In bipolar disorder, there is sometimes concern about bipolar disorder self injury. This can take many shapes, but is always serious.

One form of bipolar disorder self injury that is coming most recently into the public consciousness is self mutilation, or “cutting”. This practice is found in people with other diagnoses, too. Bipolar people are just some of those who self injure.

Cutting, burning or other self harming behaviors are often seen in adolescent girls and others, even in men. Much of this is a part of bipolar disorder self injury.

Although people who self mutilate are often depressed or beyond that, suicidal, these acts are not intended as suicide attempts. They are often desperate acts of those who feel out of control, worthless, or angry. It is no wonder, given the similar symptoms, that this is often a case of bipolar disorder self injury.

Suicide, of course, is the most extreme form of bipolar disorder self injury. Before suicide, there may be suicidal ideations, plans for suicide, and possibly many attempts before suicide is committed, if it ever is. In any case, all threats of bipolar disorder self injury should be taken seriously.

Suicidal thoughts may cloud the thinking of a depressed person to the extent that he or she can think of nothing else. It may seem that the world would be better off without them, or that they can show others that they should have been treated better. At this stage there is concern of bipolar disorder self injury, but the ideas are just at a simmer.

When a person begins to make plans, the danger of bipolar disorder self injury becomes more imminent. A person may make elaborate plans for years. Another person may only think of a plausible way to go about it. The trouble is that either of these people may at any time actually commit suicide. It is never easy to predict the likelihood of bipolar disorder self injury.

Many times a person’s suicidal tendencies will not be noted unless an attempt is made. While some attempts seem more serious than others, a wise person will treat all attempts seriously. More serious attempts could be those where a note was found, or the outcome was more certain in comparison to other sorts of attempts. Bipolar disorder self injury is always possible in these situations.

Whatever the method of attempt at bipolar disorder self injury, there is seriousness attached to it. After all, people who have attempted suicide in the past are 40 times more likely to commit suicide than those who never have attempted it before.

If a person begins to make final arrangements, or to set his or her affairs in order for no particular reason, suicide may be on his or her mind. It could be as simple as giving away possessions, or as complex as making financial arrangements. If this is suddenly seen in a bipolar individual, it should be determined whether or not that person is in danger of bipolar disorder self injury.

Many thoughts, plans, or attempts actually do end in suicide. 11 percent of deaths in the US are as a result of suicide. More women than men attempt suicide, but 80 percent of the deaths by suicide are by males. More and more adolescents are committing suicide every year. Bipolar disorder self injury, then, is a distinct and growing problem.

It is difficult enough dealing with the affective, social, legal, and physical consequences of the disease. Self harm and suicide make attention to bipolar disorder self injury most necessary.

Childhood Treatment Options for Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, has in past years only been found in adults, while children with similar symptoms have been mistakenly diagnosed as have attention deficit disorder (ADD), or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, in recent years, psychiatrists and pediatricians have found that bipolar disorder definitely rears its ugly head in childhood as often as it does in adolescent or adult years.

Diagnosis of bipolar in childhood increases the chances for bipolar patients to have successful treatment and ordinary, uninhibited lives as adults. However, treatment options of bipolar in childhood is a controversial subject. Many doctors wish to medicate first, and regulate with therapy in addition to medications. However, many parents and some psychologists disagree with these methods.

Overall, many parents discover that once their child has been put on bipolar medications, the child seems to lose some of their personality traits that endear them to the parents. Children, and adults, who have been overly medicated or medicated when not absolutely necessary lose a sense of who they are. Some medications can make children overly despondent, seeming “out of it” or “spacey.” This causes concern for parents and doctors, and raises the question of whether or not the child is really better off on medication.

Play therapy can be quite effective in helping children with bipolar disorder live more successful childhoods. This play therapy typically involves placing children in various hypothetical situations in which they must work out a logical and emotionally healthy solution. While play therapy is very successful in some children, it is not enough for others. In certain childhood cases of bipolar disorder, the mood swings and symptoms are so severe that the child is not able to control their actions or emotional reactions to stimuli and situations.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a fairly new method of therapy for bipolar patients in which the patient learns to recognize symptoms of their illness, triggers for mood swings and inappropriate behavior, and alternatives to inappropriate behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy also allows the patient to discover what he or she can do to avoid manic or depressive episodes, and how to manage the episodes more effectively. In adults, this treatment option is very viable, and works well both in conjunction with and without medication treatment.

However, cognitive behavioral therapy requires a level of problem solving and critical thinking that is not often present in childhood. For this reason, it is not commonly used in children with bipolar disorder under a certain age or maturity level. Some believe that the techniques learned through cognitive behavioral therapy could be equally viable in treating childhood bipolar disorder if the exercises and learning could be geared toward children. This, however, could prove difficult.

In the end, treatment options must be discussed with pediatricians, psychiatrists, psychologists, parents, and teachers. Everyone involved in childhood must be involved in the treatment process in order for it to be successful. If a parent or teacher has concerns about the effects of childhood treatment for bipolar disorder in their child or student, those concerns should be expressed immediately so that changes in treatment can be made. Additionally, parents should not be afraid to change doctors if they feel their child is not benefiting from treatment or medication.

Celexa and Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness that manifests itself as mood swings or mood cycling between depressed, manic, or normal moods. There are two types of bipolar disorder. The first type, sometimes called raging bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant mild mania, with periods of sever mania alternating with depression. Mixed episodes where the patient displays both manic and depressive symptoms at the same time can also occur with this type of bipolar disorder.

The second type, sometimes called rapid cycling bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant depression, with alternating periods of mania and severe depression that can often last a few hours or a few days before cycling to the next episode.

Depression symptoms include oversleeping, extreme sadness, feelings of worthlessness or despair, irritability, anger, and withdrawl. Manic symptoms include sleeplessness, increased energy levels, distractibility, racing thoughts, obsessive behaviors, and extreme happiness.

There are many treatment options for bipolar disorder. Most patients with bipolar disorder require a combination of medication and therapy or counseling for successful treatment of symptoms. However, minor cases of bipolar disorder may not require medication, but may require instead cognitive behavioral therapy. There are some cases, such as in patients with a history of drug abuse, where medication may be recommended but is not a viable treatment option. These cases typically also use cognitive behavioral therapy to assist patients in coping with their illness.

Celexa is an anti-depressant, commonly used with bipolar patients. Celexa, or citalopram, is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, or SSRI. This family of medications has the effect of balancing serotonin levels in the brain, which are thought to be responsible for mood stabilization.

Celexa is most successful as a treatment for unipolar depression and bipolar disorder type two patients. This is because it is an anti-depressant. Serotonin, the chemical in the brain that balances moods and particularly controls strong emotions, often presents imbalances in the form of depression. Celexa corrects these imbalances, giving the patient relief from depression.

Celexa is most successful as a treatment for bipolar disorder type one patients when used in combination with a mood stabilizer. As an anti-depressant, Celexa alone causes bipolar disorder type one patients to swing into a manic episode. Used in combination with a mood stabilizer or anti-psychotic, however, can allow for a balance of moods to take place, ending rapid or raging mood cycling.

Celexa has several possible minor side effects when used for treatment of bipolar disorder. Common side effects include drowsiness, cotton mouth, nausea, and trouble sleeping. Less common side effects include abdominal pain, anxiety, gas, headache, heartburn, increased sweating, pain in muscles or joints, increases or decreases in weight, weakness, and vomiting. If these side effects persist or become unbearable, you should contact your doctor.

Celexa can also have several possible major side effects when used for treatment of bipolar disorder. Common major side effects include a decrease in sexual desire or ability. Less common major side effects include agitation, confusion, blurred vision, fever, increase in urinal frequency, lack of emotion, decreased memory, skin rashes, and trouble breathing. If you experience any of these side effects you should contact your doctor immediately.

Friends, family and patients with bipolar disorder should keep in mind that even when using anti-depressants such as Celexa, suicide, suicide threats, and suicide attempts can still occur. Always be aware of the signs that can lead to suicide so that medical treatment can be found before an attempt is made.

Bipolar disorder should, in all cases, be treated with a combination of Celexa, or other medications, in conjunction with therapy or counseling. Bipolar disorder patients are encouraged to take active part in their treatment plans. Additionally bipolar patients should not attempt to self medicate or treat symptoms with medication alone. If you show symptoms of bipolar disorder, you should contact your doctor about Celexa and other treatment options.

CBT as Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, known by many as manic depression, is a mental illness caused by a combination of factors, including neurological, biological, emotional, and environmental factors. It is most commonly described as mood cycling or mood swings, in which the patient cycles through moods of depression, mania, and normal behavior.

There are many treatment options for bipolar disorder. The most common treatment for bipolar disorder includes a combination of medication and therapy. However, some patients are not candidates for medication treatment. Patients that have a history of drug abuse, for instance, should in most cases not be placed on medication for bipolar disorder, as the risk for abuse is too great. Additionally, patients may not have a case of bipolar disorder severe enough to warrant medication. Other patients may choose to avoid the route of medication until it becomes absolutely necessary.

In response to these special cases in which medication treatment is not a viable option for bipolar disorder, that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, or CBT, was developed. CBT is a type of therapy that assists patients in recognizing triggers and causes for their manic and depressive states. The patient can then learn techniques to avoid these triggers, and cope with symptoms during episodes. Seventy percent of bipolar disorder type one patients that undergo CBT experience one or fewer episodes within four years of starting the CBT treatment.

There are two main goals that are met by using CBT as treatment for bipolar disorder. The first goal is to recognize manic episodes before they become uncontrollable, and consciously change how they react to the episode. The second goal is to learn techniques, reactions, thoughts, and behaviors that can help to offset depression. These goals are realized through various techniques and activities prescribed by the therapist. With CBT, the treatment of bipolar disorder rests with the patient, who is given homework in the form of exercises and reading, which helps them to understand their condition and learn methods to cope with it.

The first step to successful treatment of bipolar disorder through CBT is to develop a treatment contract with the patient. This is a treatment plan that the patient agrees to follow, and also involves the patient’s promise to complete all homework assignments and take any prescribed medication as directed. Because the success of CBT depends largely on the patient’s responsibility and desire to cope with bipolar disorder, this is an important first step to successful treatment.

The second step to successful treatment of bipolar disorder through CBT is to monitor and grade moods. This is done with various worksheets that the therapist gives the patient. The patient may record their mood for the day, how many hours they have slept, their level of anxiety, and their level of irritability. Those with type two bipolar disorder may need to record their mood two or more times per day, as their moods cycle more often.

Understanding the pattern to mood cycling can help the patient then undergo the next step to CBT treatment for bipolar disorder. This step of CBT for treatment of bipolar disorder requires the patient to do homework in the form of worksheets and reading that will help the patient to understand how their thoughts effect their emotions. By understanding these things, the patient will be able to then practice altering their thoughts in a rational way to make emotions more rational as well, decreasing the number and severity of depressive and manic episodes.

The next step to CBT treatment for bipolar disorder is to learn how to recognize triggers. Triggers are the thoughts, emotions, situations, times of year, events, or environments that set off a depressive or manic episode. By learning how to understand and recognize their triggers, the patient can then learn to avoid the triggers entirely, thereby decreasing the number and severity of depressive and manic episodes.

Overall, CBT is a viable and quite successful treatment for bipolar disorder, and can be a healthy alternative to medication in some cases. If you feel you may be a candidate for CBT, you should contact your doctor or therapist to discuss this and other bipolar disorder treatment options.

Borderline Personality Disorder VS Bipolar

Borderline personality disorder and bipolar are often mistaken as being the same thing. They are also often misdiagnosed, one for the other. This is because the symptoms for both illnesses are startlingly similar.

Borderline personality disorder is actually less common and less known than bipolar. Borderline personality disorder accounts for only about twenty percent of hospitalizations for mental illness each year, while bipolar accounts for about fifty percent of hospitalizations. Borderline personality disorder is most common in young women, whereas bipolar is equally common in both men and women, as well as all age groups.

Borderline personality disorder and bipolar patients both experience mood swings that may involve violent outbursts, depression, or anxiety. However, while bipolar patients typically cycle through these moods over a period of weeks or months, borderline personality disorder patients may have bursts of these moods lasting only a few hours or a day.

Borderline personality disorder patients also undergo periods of having no idea who they are in terms of personality, likes, dislikes, and preferences. They may change long term goals frequently, and have trouble sticking to any one activity. Acting with impulsiveness, going on major unaffordable shopping sprees, excessive eating, or engaging in risky sexual relationships can also be experienced. These are also symptoms of mania in bipolar patients.

Borderline personality disorder patients may also undergo periods of worthlessness, feeling mistreated or misunderstood, and emptiness. These symptoms coincide with symptoms of depression in bipolar patients.

Another symptom of borderline personality disorder involves how they deal with relationships. Relationships are often viewed in extremes. Either the patient is totally in love or hates with a passion. A patient may be completely in love one minute, then hate someone totally due to a small conflict or situation. Fears of abandonment often lead to suicide threats, rejection, and depression in the patient. These relationship issues can also be found in bipolar patients.

Treatments of borderline personality disorder and bipolar are also similar. A combination of therapy and medication is typically preferred by the psychiatrist. Cognitive behavioral therapy, while successfully implemented with bipolar patients, was originally developed for use with borderline personality disorder. Various medications can also be prescribed for either mental illness with successful results.

Like bipolar disorder, little is known about the actual causes of borderline personality disorder. There is a lot of controversy about genetics versus environment in this area. However, it appears through research that, while bipolar is definitely hereditary and biological in nature, borderline personality disorder is more likely to be a result of environment and situational stimuli.

As you can see, many similarities exist between bipolar and borderline personality disorder. It can often be quite difficult to distinguish one illness from the other, even for doctors and psychologists. If you suffer any of the symptoms discussed here, it is important to obtain the assistance and diagnosis of a licensed professional for appropriate diagnosis and treatment of your symptoms. You should never attempt self diagnosis and treatment for symptoms such as those associated with bipolar and borderline personality disorder without the help of a psychiatrist or psychologist. Doing so may cause your symptoms to worsen, and make treatment less successful in the future.

Bipolar Disorder in Children

Bipolar disorder is a being diagnosed in children as young as six years old in recent years. Some doctors think this is a good assessment of many children while others think the diagnosis is overdone. While it may be just an intellectual controversy to some, others who know a child who may have bipolar disorder will not be amused. It is important therefore to take into account all the facets of the disorder.

It is a tricky diagnosis to say the least. Bipolar disorder in children often appears similar to ADHD, or as simply rambunctious childhood behavior. Young children may cycle fast, meaning that they go from a depressed state to a manic state and back, etc. very quickly, often within weeks or even days.

Suicide attempts often happen on the spur of the moment, with little or no warning. This is different than in most adults where the depression is often long-lasting and suicide attempts may be well thought-out. For this reason it is imperative that children with the disorder be treated successfully.

Bipolar disorder in children often presents in mania. In the younger children this is often likely to come with hallucinations, both auditory and visual. It may seem that these would be difficult to distinguish from a healthy imagination. Sometimes, in fact, it is. Many times, though, the visions and voices are more disturbing and threatening than a healthy child would imagine.

Teens with bipolar disorder are, for the most part, similar in their symptoms to adults. A major complicating factor with teens is the use of drugs and alcohol. As with adults, this practice of trying to use street drugs and alcohol to control mood swings, is called “self-medicating.” It is a dangerous business and often masks the symptoms of the disorder. Bipolar disorder in children should always be considered when drugs are being used by them, if only to rule it out.

Bipolar disorder in children who are older, such as teenagers, is still different from the adult disorder in that the person with the disorder is still a minor. This leads to situations where the older child has an adversarial relationship with authorities and is therefore hard to convince that treatment is a good thing.

There are some ways to cut down on the confusion. Speaking with the child’s teachers gives an outside opinion of how the child is doing day-to-day. Also, this shows how the child fares in a different setting from the home environment. Bipolar disorder in children, if it is masquerading as some other form of disorder or behavior, is more likely to be found out if more people are alert to its symptoms.

Getting a second opinion is also very important, since so many doctors disagree on bipolar disorder in children. Once the second opinion is obtained, the family can make a more informed decision as to what the problem is and how to proceed. Doctors may not all agree on bipolar disorder in children, but a second opinion should help to clarify the situation. The parent or guardian can listen carefully and determine if the doctor’s explanation sounds accurate. Then, ultimately, it is the parents’ job to make the call. Misdiagnosis and wrong treatment would be unthinkable, but if bipolar disorder in children is the correct diagnosis, it is surely better to accept it.

All About Bipolar Disorder Treatment

Bipolar disorder treatment is not new. Men of medicine were treating for it before they even knew what it was. Yet every year new medications and methodologies are added to the bipolar disorder treatment.

Although first recognized in the second century A.D., bipolar disorder has struggled as a diagnosis to become accepted. Bipolar disorder treatment up to and through the 1960’s, if any, was usually comprised of either locking the patient away or leaving him or her to fend for him or herself.

In the 1970’s manic-depression, as it was then called, began to become seen as an accepted diagnosis and therefore, bipolar disorder treatment began in earnest. At that time, laws were enacted and standards set to help those who sought bipolar disorder treatment.

In bipolar disorder treatment, the first thought may be the use of medications. They are, actually, a powerful tool in the management of the disorder. One only needs look at the vast array of medications that is available to see that medication has been extensively used in bipolar disorder treatment.

Lithium carbonate was the first major breakthrough in the medications for bipolar disorder treatment. It belongs to a class of medications called “mood stabilizers”. These medications help to prevent or ease manic episodes. They also help to ward off the extremes of depression, such as suicide.

Bipolar disorder treatment may also include the use of other mood stabilizers that were originally used as anticonvulsants. These have been shown to have a great effect on mood. Some of these, such as valproic acid and carbamazepine, are tried and true. Lamotrigine, gabapentin, and topiramate have also been used for this purpose but not conclusively proven effective.

Caution must be taken in the use of antidepressant therapy as a part of bipolar disorder treatment. Mood stabilizers are usually tried first, because antidepressants can trigger manic episodes or rapid-cycling. If an antidepressant must be used, there are certain ones which are less likely to cause these problems. One of these is bupropion.

The treatment of psychotic symptoms has evolved quickly in modern times. At first, there were powerful anti-psychotics. The first of these were said to put the mind in a “mental strait-jacket”. They virtually stopped all thought. They also had an intense side effects known as tardive dyskinesia. This causes permanent neurological damages. Researchers, then were trying to find alternatives that would cause less, or even no, damage in bipolar disorder treatment.

Other anti-psychotics were tried, and found to have fewer neurological effects. The newest of these medications are actually relatively safe when used as prescribed. They are also very helpful in bipolar disorder treatment both in psychotic episodes and even in simple mania. Some of the newer ones are risperidone and olanzapine.

Talk therapy is also used in bipolar disorder treatment. It can be useful to help a person to recognize and deal with symptoms of the disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help a person to identify destructive patterns of thinking and behavior, and help him or her to act in ways that will have a positive influence on his or her disease process.

Other types of talk therapy are used in bipolar disorder treatment to help a person to deal with the devastating consequences of the illness and to explore the history of that person’s disease. Talk therapy has been used successfully in bipolar disorder treatment.

All of these components constitute a lifelong process. Medication and talk therapy can contribute to effective bipolar disorder treatment today. No one knows what science will bring to bipolar disorder treatment in the future.

About Type 1 Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness caused by a number of factors including neurological, biological, emotional, and environmental factors. It is typically characterized as mood cycling from manic, or extra happy, moods to depressed, or extra sad, moods.

Many people are not aware that in the last few years doctors have begun diagnosing bipolar disorder as two different types, based on how the moods cycle in the patient. Bipolar disorder type 1, also known as raging bipolar disorder, is diagnosed when the patient has at least one manic episode lasting at least one week or longer. Bipolar disorder type two, also known as rapid cycling bipolar disorder, is diagnosed when the patient has at least one manic episode and one depressive episode within four days to one week.

Hypomania is a severe form of mania that typically occurs in bipolar disorder type 1 patients. This state occurs because the patient is almost constantly up; the normal state for the patient is 1 of mania. Therefore, mood cycling in bipolar disorder type 1 patients often involves mania combined with the mood change. Mania combined with mania creates hypomania. Hypomania also can be accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as the patient becoming delusional or having hallucinations. This is a very simplistic way to describe how hypomania and mixed episodes occur.

Mixed episodes also often occur with bipolar disorder type 1. A mixed episode is hard to explain to the general public. It consists of being both happy and sad, up and down, all at the same time. Generally, this translates into the patient being very depressed emotionally, but displaying symptoms of mania such as inability to concentrate and lack of sleep.

Bipolar disorder type 1 is the most common type of bipolar disorder, and the most treatable. Because bipolar disorder type 1 typically manifests itself in the form of long manic periods with possibly one or two short depressive periods each year, treatment options are much more simple. Since mania requires one type of medication and depression requires another type of medication, the ability to treat only mania makes finding effective medications a much simpler task. Mood stabilizers are also quite effective with type 1 bipolar disorder, without the use of mania or depression medications.

The symptoms that the bipolar disorder type 1 patient experiences determines the type of mania medication used to control the excessive moods. In cases of mild but constant mania, lithium is the drug of choice. However, in cases in which mixed mania or hypomania are consistently present, a stronger drug or anti-psychotic, such as Depakote, is typically prescribed.

Bipolar type 1 is also the likeliest candidate for treatment via Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This is because the patient is most often in a state that allows them to easily focus their mind on rationalizing situations, recognizing triggers, and suppressing severe episodes. However, when the patient displays symptoms of hypomania, as some bipolar type 1 patients often do, cognitive behavioral therapy is not as effective during these episodes.

Overall, bipolar disorder type 1 is easily controlled through appropriate treatment and medications. If you experience any symptoms of bipolar disorder type 1 you should contact your doctor to make arrangements for diagnostic testing and to discuss treatment options. Ultimately, the patient is responsible for their own illness, and therefore, their own treatment.

About Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depressive disorder. It is a mental illness that presents itself as mood swings or mood cycling. Many people do not realize that there are actually two types of bipolar disorder. Bipolar I disorder is typically defined as raging mood cycling with episodes of extreme mania and depression, as well as the occasional mixed episode. Bipolar I patients may also experience psychotic or hallucinating symptoms.

Bipolar II disorder is typically defined as rapid mood cycling with episodes of hypomania and depression. Bipolar II disorder does not occur with psychotic or hallucinating symptoms. Additionally, hypomania is defined as a milder form of mania, in which the patient has a period of hightened happiness or elation. Depression with bipolar II patients is often more severe than in patients with bipolar I disorder. Suicide, suicide threats, suicide attempts, and thoughts of suicide are much more common in bipolar II patients than bipolar I patients.

A diagnosis of bipolar II disorder is typically made when the patient has had one or more major depressive episodes, at least one hypomania episode, no manic episodes, and when no other reason for symptoms can be found.

Symptoms of depression with bipolar II disorder include decreased energy, unexplained weight changes, feelings of despair, increased irritability, and uncontrollable crying. Symptoms of hypomania include sleeplessness, racing thoughts, distractibility, excess energy, and rash judgements. These symptoms are similar to mania, but are less severe.

Treatment of bipolar II disorder typically involves a combination of medication and therapy or counseling. Medications typically prescribed for treatment of bipolar II disorder include anti-depressants such as Celexa, as well as mood stabilizers such as Topomax. Mood stabilizers are vitally important in treatment of bipolar disorders, because antidepressants alone can cause the patient to enter into a manic or hypomania episode.

Bipolar II disorder is actually often misdiagnosed as clinical depression. This is due to the fact that depression is most often present, and hypomania episodes rarely come to light in therapy sessions due to their upbeat nature. It is typically through treatment by antidepressants that the correct diagnosis is made, because the patient will spin into a hypomania episode almost immediately if the diagnosis should be bipolar II disorder rather than clinical depression.

Counseling or therapy treatment options for bipolar II disorder may include traditional counseling methods, discussion of triggers and life style changes that can lessen the severity of episodes, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Patients with a mild case of bipolar II disorder may benefit from counseling or therapy alone without medication. However, this is less common with bipolar II disorder than with bipolar I disorder, due to the nature of the severity of the depressive states.

It is vitally important for people with symptoms of bipolar II disorder to seek the help of mental health professionals as soon as symptoms become evident. Bipolar II disorder patients account for at least half of the suicides each year. To prevent suicidal behavior, it is important for bipolar II patients to be properly diagnosed at an early stage, so that ongoing treatment of the illness can begin and be continued in order to avoid suicidal behavior.

About Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar affective disorder, also known as bipolar disorder or manic depression, is a mental illness in which the patient has mood swings or mood cycling. The mood cycles between depression, mania, and normal behaviors. Depression episodes are typically accompanied by extreme sadness and feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness, decreased energy, and sleeping too much. Manic episodes are typically accompanied by extreme happiness, inability to sleep, increased energy, racing thoughts, and distractibility. Mixed episodes, in which the patient shows symptoms of both mania and depression at the same time, can also occur.

Bipolar affective disorder is caused by a combination of neurological, biological, emotional, and environmental factors. The true causes of bipolar affective disorder are not fully understood. However, researchers and doctors are continually making advances in this area.

There are two types of bipolar affective disorder. The first type involves an almost constant state of minor mania, with alternating periods of extreme mania and depression. The second type of bipolar affective disorder involves an almost constant state of depression, alternating with small, minor bouts of mania.

Before bipolar affective disorder was fully understood, people with the first type of the illness were often misdiagnosed as schizophrenic. This is due to the fact that many with type one bipolar affective disorder have tendencies to lose touch with reality, have hallucinations, or have delusions during more severe manic phases.

The second type of bipolar affective disorder is often misdiagnosed as clinical depression. This is because the patient is most often depressed, and does not complain about being happy during their manic episodes. The diagnoses is usually corrected after medication treatment has begun for depression. Anti-depressants used with bipolar patients tend to throw the patient into a manic phase. If this happens, the doctor will immediately realize their error and switch the patient to a mood stabilizer.

There are many treatment options for bipolar affective disorder. The most common treatment for bipolar affective disorder is a combination of medication and therapy, or counseling. Medication options include mood stabilizers, anti-depressants, and anti-psychotics. Therapy options include traditional counseling methods, cognitive behavioral therapy, emotive behavioral therapy, and rational behavioral therapy. CBT, EBT, and RBT are fairly new forms of bipolar affective disorder therapy treatments, that have been found to be extremely successful. Patients who are not candidates for medication can often have successful results with CBT, EBT, or RBT therapy alone.

While bipolar affective disorder is not a new illness, there is still very little known about the subject. As doctors and researchers learn more about the brain and how it functions, the more likely a cure for bipolar affective disorder will be found. In the meantime, people who feel that they may show symptoms of bipolar affective disorder should contact a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment options. Family or friends who notice these symptoms in others should also seek to help that person find help for their mental illness. Bipolar affective disorder does not have to control your life, if you are willing to undergo treatment to control it.

What To Do If You Have A Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis

Living with a bipolar disorder diagnosis isn’t easy. However, knowing, as they say, is half the battle. Once a diagnosis is established, a person has two main choices right off. They are whether to let the disorder take control of one’s life, or to fight it with every weapon in the modern psychiatric and psychological arsenal.

If fighting for normalcy is the answer, then a bipolar disorder diagnosis can make one aware of what one is fighting. Bipolar disorder can touch every aspect of a person’s life, so someone with a bipolar disorder diagnosis will need to be wary on all fronts.

First of all, if there is a bipolar disorder diagnosis then there must have been some sign of the disease. The more severe this manifestation is, the more likely one is to take notice. It is important, though, to treat the illness as soon as a bipolar disorder diagnosis is obtained.

Early treatment can often help prevent some of the more extreme manic highs and depressive lows of bipolar disorder. The earlier treatment is successfully begun, the less the devastating effects of the disease on the person with a bipolar disorder diagnosis.

Early treatment is helpful. The challenge is to keep someone interested in taking medications or engaging in talk therapy when there has been no crisis to set him or her on this path. Such a person needs to be convinced that their bipolar disorder diagnosis is accurate.

For others, the first signs of illness are so overwhelming they consider their bipolar disorder diagnosis to be a relief. For them, it is just good to know that there is a name for what is happening to them and that there are treatments.

For these people, it is extremely important to keep taking medications that are prescribed. This is a responsibility one has to oneself when he or she gets a bipolar disorder diagnosis. If the medication seems to be causing problems, it is important to contact the prescribing doctor to discuss the matter. If no satisfaction can be obtained, finding another doctor is even preferable to simply stopping the medications on one’s own.

Those with a bipolar disorder diagnosis usually are given the recommendation to take some form of counseling, or talk therapy. Some may balk at the notion that talking to a therapist can effect their disease. The truth is that these therapies have been shown to have a positive effect on those with bipolar disorder diagnosis.

There are other actions a person with a bipolar disorder diagnosis can take to help lessen their illness. These include the ways a person takes care of him or herself in day to day life. It may seem obvious that a person should eat and sleep in reasonable amounts and times, or do an adequate but reasonable amount of exercise. A person with a bipolar disorder diagnosis will probably find that these common acts do not come naturally. However, with some conscious effort they can begin to see some difference.

A bipolar disorder diagnosis can certainly seem to complicate one’s life. It can lead one to take medications, submit him or herself to talk therapy, and take the time and energy to regulate his or her own personal habits. On the other hand, all these concessions to the disease can help a person to live a much calmer and more fulfilling life than that person would had he or she never gotten their bipolar disorder diagnosis. In other words, it doesn’t have to be the end of the world.

What You Should Know About The Stock Trading Robot

For many individuals, trading stocks can be a very difficult and confusing arena to enter. Many first time investors are allured to try out this endeavor, only to find their selves losing a lot of money. To add to this, many traders may realize that finding good help can be quite difficult.

It is a good thing however that technology has outdone itself these days, and many hi-tech computer programs have been created to cater to the very dilemma that a lot of these traders experience.

One of the leading software programs out in the market today is the stock trading robot, otherwise nicknamed as “Marl.” This software has been created to help traders generate more profit by many advanced features that make trading a lot faster and easier.

What Is A Stock Trading Robot?

Marl or the Stock Trading Robot is a unique software program that makes use of advanced mathematical algorithms to help an investor by collecting and analyzing market data. Basically, the program scans through the current trends in the stock market and helps the investor decide on which stocks are the best ones to trade.

Some of Marl’s features may include the ability to analyze 7 stock charts per second as well as process about 1,986,832 mathematical calculations every second. The program also consists of feedback loops that can help itself update and perfect its trading formula and it can be very selective to choose the best for the trader.

The program boasts a lot of advanced features, but the bottom line is that it basically speeds up the process of trading by analyzing the data faster and offering traders good information to aid in decision-making. It also basically does all these things with great accuracy and objectivity.

How Should The Robot Help You?

However advanced Marl can be, what you should know to become successful in your trades is to not totally depend on the program. Remember that although this software can provide very significant assistance to make things easier for you, the decisions ultimately still lie on your hands.

If you are already using or about to use Marl for trading, take advantage of its analyzing and recommendation skills to provide you with good information about trends and patterns in the stock market. But make sure that you also weigh things on your own and consider if the stocks you are about to invest on are really worth the money.

A lot of people consider Marl a scam because despite using it, they still suffer from significant losses in the market. But remember, that most of these people have also been foolish enough to rely so much on a computer program instead of making use of their own decision-making skills.

Technology has really outdone itself through Marl. But like any other software system out in the market today, the stock trading robot still carries certain flaws and has not yet been fully perfected.

If you are interested in making use of this advanced software program, enjoy the liberty to maximize its potentials in analyzing data and in giving you recommendations. But never lack out in your own actual research and strategic attempts to make the best trades possible. If you do this, you might just be able to gain so much profit and lessen so many risks.

Writing a Vision Statement

Writing the vision statement for a project can be the most enjoyable aspect of being a business analyst. He or she may have to curb their enthusiasm during the writing process. The business analyst can become lost in great expectations when writing the vision statement.

Writing the vision statement will answer the everyday questions of who, what , when, why, and where. The who is easily defined as the stakeholders and the end user. The stakeholder as the who will be listed as the person or company enabling the project to be completed. It will include pertinent information about the company stand on the technology being developed.

In writing a vision statement the “what” is the project program. The vision statement will deliver reasoning behind why the program is being developed. It will include what the program will be able to accomplish, what uses the program will have and who the program will impact. The vision statement may include statements of interest including updates available. The key is to keep the vision statement truthful.

Vision statements include when the project or program will be completed or available for use. It will set a goal for release or implementation. The when is the time frame set by the stakeholders and development teams needs assessment. Determining the when of a vision statement can be an overwhelming task. There are always reasons why something can not be done on time. The infamous phrase is “There is never enough time to do it right, but always enough time to do it again.” To set a definitive date in a vision statement is to take a risk. This is something which should also be included. Stakeholders and end users will know the date is tentative.

The vision statement will deliver the reason why the program or project is being developed. It will list needs by the stakeholders and the end user. It will answer how the procedure or program will benefit the stakeholders. The vision statement will allow for projected returns on the investment. It will list why the program has to be developed for the betterment of the organization. The vision statement will answer why the project steps are being taken. This is probably one of the key elements in a vision statement.

Where the program will be used is another key factor listed in the vision statement. The business analyst will determine where the program will best be utilized. In writing the vision statement the business analyst will reveal where project development will take place. It will also list where any outside resources will be used. Where the end user applies the program is instrumental in how the program is developed.

The vision statement is not to be confused with the mission statement of a company. The vision statement is concerning the program project and only the program project. There may be great ideas expressed in the vision statement. The good business analyst will be able to keep the vision statement focused on the needs of the stakeholders. It is up to the business analyst and developers to keep the vision statement real and do-able. This is a mission with a targeted success date. The vision statement will deliver this information so the stakeholders know the scope of the project. The vision statement is the concept behind the mission.

Why use a business analyst

There are some business people who are not sure why they would need a business analyst. This can be a hard decision to make. The easiest way to determine whether or not a business could benefit from a business analyst is to decide what the business wants to accomplish. If there is a problem that can not be pinpointed the use of a business analyst could be beneficial.

Not all business analysts have to be called in from the outside. There may be a qualified individual in the organization which can meet the qualifications of a business analyst. It may be someone in the IT department. It may be someone who is familiar with the workings of all the departments. A quick search of qualified applicants can determine this issue.

The business analyst can help with formulating a plan of action which allows the stakeholders to pinpoint where a problem exists. Narrowing down the problem can be handled by the business analyst through research and data. Once the problem has been uncovered, the business analyst will be able to determine which is the best course of action. A project report can be written outlining the steps needed to reach a pre-determined solution.

The good business analyst will be able to act as a liaison between departments. He or she will be able to speak with each department. At times the department teams may falter or second guess themselves. The business analyst will be able to motivate the teams. He or she will be able to point out the strengths each individual has. This will allow the teams to aggressively approach each task at hand. The qualified business analyst will be able to express the needs of the stakeholder and the end user in such a way for the IT department and others involved can understand.

There are times when stakeholders and the development team are on the same page but each is interpreting something different. The qualified business analyst will be able to set the wheels in motions which allow both stakeholders and development teams to understand what is needed.

Unless the business analyst asks questions and listens carefully, the entire scope of the project can be placed in jeopardy. It is up to the business analyst to weigh all the facts and do the research necessary for everyone to understand what is being requested. Once the teams know what is required of them the business analyst can keep each team informed of the others performance and completion of set tasks.

In the long run the business analyst can be an asset to the company for many years. He or she can build a rapport with each team and department within the company for future project programs being developed. As new technology becomes available the business analyst will be able to inform stakeholders what may need to be done to implement it into the workings of the company. Outside sources will be more easily obtained with someone familiar with the project programs and what is necessary to accomplish the task. The experience of a business analyst will show when it comes time to lead a meeting to explain what is happening. The vision of a company can be designed by the qualified business analyst.

What Makes a Good Business Analyst

There are several key points one needs to understand before deciding whether or not to become a business analyst. You may be qualified to do the job you were hired to do. Yet is it the job you wanted to do? Some analysts find themselves locked in a cubical writing reports all day, only to find the report was not used or even read. They realize they are in a dead end job going no-where fast. This is not the usual dream one has when becoming a business analyst.

A good business analyst is creative, a people person. Someone wanting a more hands on approach to business and problem solving. The good business analyst will look for opportunities to grow and learn. He or she will listen attentively to what others are saying. The good business analyst is like a walking encyclopedia about the company he or she works within. They will know people from every department.

The good business analyst may be a part of the IT team or department. He or she may even be able to produce usable code for practical remedies to small tasks. He or she will understand technology and the jargon that leaves the common layperson confused.

What makes a good business analyst is the ability to listen to what is being said and hear what is not. The good business analyst can read into the meaning of stakeholders words. He or she can understand the needs being expressed when the stakeholders do not always know what they are. The good business analyst will be able to determine if the requests from stakeholders or end users are viable. In some cases they are not and it is up to the business analyst to inform what can be done versus what is wanted.

The good business analyst will have information available about the latest technology. He or she will know the formulas or programs used by corporate peers. The good business analyst will be able to recognize trends and differentiate between them and fads. They will understand the end user market.

The good business analyst will understand people. He or she will be a motivational person who can gear people into wanting to complete a project. The good business analyst will be able to point out someone’s strengths and help to build on those. He or she will recognize when a person is having a conflict and try to help resolve the issue. He or she may even be able to create teamwork within separate departments to meet a goal or deadline.

The good business analyst commands respect because he or she gives respect. You will not find the good business analyst spreading rumors or gossiping. He or she will squelch the first signs of trouble and stand up for what he or she believes in. There is no room for garbage in the office.

The good business analyst is a visionary, a creative thinker, and innovative. He or she is fun to work with and carries a positive attitude. Very few people do not like the good business analyst.

What You Need To Know About Day Trading

One of the fast growing trends in the stock trading arena these days is day trading. Today, more and more people are getting into this drift due to the many promises of making fast and easy money on their minds. However, what a lot of people fail to realize is that the buy fast and sell fast strategy of day trading may not always turn out as a very wise tactic to adopt in the stocks game.

Day trading can be a bit of a gamble and traders remain divided on the issue on whether or not this serves much purpose to the stock exchange industry.

Still, what most people could agree on is the fact that day trading is certainly not for everyone, and that it can involve huge risks. And so, before you immerse yourself in day trading, be sure that you get your facts straightened out.

What Is Day Trading?

Day trading is the buying and selling of securities for a certain stock within a single day. The main goal of those who practice this type of trade is basically to be able to profit from the difference between prices for buying and selling.

This type of trading serves two very critical functions in the industry. First, it keeps the markets efficiently running because of arbitrage as stock exchange basically thrives on buy and sell activities. Another function for this is that it usually provides so much liquidity in the stock market.

What Makes Day Trading Risky?

Although day trading may sound quite appealing at first, be warned that up to this day, the profit potential of this type of trading is still under debate among investors and brokers. And if you are new to the trading game, it is not advisable for you to gamble your investment as you may end up losing substantial amounts of money.

Although day trading is not necessarily illegal nor is it unethical, most would agree that it is risky because principles of this trade are based on the “fast and easy money” mentality, and therefore, day traders rely on making profit by rapidly buying and selling stocks in a single day as their stocks continue to rise and fall in value.

Of course, the chances relied upon are not quite dependable and choosing to do business this way seems more of a gamble than a sure way to gain money. Most financial advisors may discourage people from entering this type of trading, with the argument that most of the time, rewards do not justify the risks involved.

Apart from this, many parties capitalize on much of the confusion behind the controversies on day trading and create multiple Internet scams. And since most investors in these type of trades do not actually have a lot of money and may use borrowed money to buy stocks, this can be very dangerous.

The bottom line is, most financial experts would argue that most successful companies have grown not because of day trading, but through more traditional means.

If you were currently not very familiar with the stock market game, then it would be wise for you to stay away from day trading. Take in mind that the best way to earn profit may be through the long process and hard work, and taking shortcuts may certainly involve much more risks than you may want to bargain with.

What is IT

IT stands for Information Technology. It is simple pronounce I T, the two separate letters. In most organizations it is the computer department. The place where all the geeks gather to hunch over clicking keyboards to get the computer to do some wonderful new trick. That is what people imagine. In fact the IT departments are one of the key elements in today’s technology. Without IT departments, there would be many items we commonly take for granted no longer available to us.

IT departments are responsible for every banking system in the world today. It was the IT departments who first made it possible for online banking. It was the IT department who came up with computer software designed to allow the use of debit and credit cards. Lending institutions and finance companies who depend on amortization calculators would have to go back to figuring by hand with out the use of the programs developed by IT departments.

In short, if a computer generated the program for the device or system you are using, it was an IT department somewhere who designed it. Thus was born the business analyst. The business analyst may or may not have been from the IT department. He or she may not be able to write code. They do know the intricacies behind it. They are the ones able to speak with others to determine what the IT department should be doing.

The system works something like this. The stakeholder, someone in business or with a business interest, has an idea he or she thinks may sell or make the business more money. The idea may only generate an easier way of doing things. Faster production means less man hours. Less man hours means less payroll. Less payroll means more money for the company to spend somewhere else. The problem came when the stakeholder tried to explain what he or she wanted from the IT department. The IT department caught on to the general concept and designed an application for the program. The stakeholder found he could not use the code. Enter the business analyst.

The business analyst will listen to the stakeholder. He or she will evaluate the situation to determine if the needs of the stakeholder are viable. The business analyst can determine if other items are necessary for the stakeholder and the end user to be happy. When it is determined exactly what the stakeholder needs, the business analyst will speak with the IT department. The IT department will be off and running.

The IT department in many companies have developed amazing things. You just never know what an IT department has done for you until you stop and think about it. Processors run on code. Tiny processors are used for many things we use in everyday life. Cell phones and cordless phones are two things everyone uses. Bluetooth technology was developed by a team of IT specialists. The computers in the vehicle you drive are running code an IT department somewhere developed.

When someone mentions the IT department, it should be done with respect. Almost any electronic device or system run with a computer code would not be functioning if it were not for the IT department.

Trading Options And Futures – Comparing The Two Types Of Contracts

In trading, it is quite common for the terms options and futures to be used interchangeably. Although these two contracts have a lot of similarities when it comes to principles, they are actually two very different things and therefore interchanging them when conducting trades in the market can be a very lethal mistake for anyone.

Let us learn the differences between these two contracts in order to prevent making the wrong decisions in buying and selling rights for stocks or commodities. Through this, we may just be able to prevent risks and maximize chances for profit.

What Is An Options Contract?

An option is basically the right to buy or sell a specific amount of stock, currency, or whatever commodity offered in the market. This contract basically allows an individual to enjoy, but to necessarily become obligated, to exercise these rights. This contract can only be valid for a specific period of time, and commodities traded can only be bought and sold at a certain fixed price.

What Is A Futures Contract?

On the other hand, a future is a transferable contract that requires the delivery of a certain stock, currency or whatever commodity traded. Like an option, the delivery of the trade is done through a fixed price stated in the contract and within a time frame, so one should not go beyond the expiry date.

However, it is very important to take note that a holder is obligated to exercise the conditions of the contract unlike in options where the holder can have the liberty of deciding.

The Differences Between Options And Futures

Aside from the fundamental difference between the two contracts on rights and obligations, there are also other differences that include commissions, the size of underlying stocks or commodities traded and how gains are realized.

In a futures contract, an investor has the liberty to sign into the contract without paying upfront. However, an investor cannot take hold of an options position without paying a premium to the contract holder. The option premium therefore serves as payment for the privilege to not become obligated to purchase the underlying commodities in cases wherein there are unfavorable shifts in prices.

Another major difference between options and futures is also the size of the underlying positions that can be traded. Usually, futures contracts would include much larger sizes for the underlying positions as compared to that included in options contracts. Because of this, the obligations included in futures make it riskier for a contract holder to trade due to the possibility of losing so much.

Lastly, the two contracts differ with how gains are received by parties involved. For options contracts, gains can be attained in three methods. Either the holder exercises the option, purchases an opposite option, or waits until the expiration date arrives to be able to collect the difference between the price for asset and the strike price, so he or she could get profits. However, profits for futures contracts can only be realized by either taking an opposition position or through the instant change in the value of positions at the end of each trading day.

Knowing about the differences between an options contract and a futures contract can help broaden your knowledge in stock trading, and this can surely prevent you from making the wrong decisions if ever you decide in joining this particular arena.

Remember to never trade without doing your research and fully understanding what contracts you are dealing with. If you just take the extra step to acquaint yourself, then you just might be able to spare losing so much money.

What is Agile Analysis?

Agile analysis is being spoken of more and more frequently in the world of business analysts. This form of analysis is becoming more and more popular as the next generation of business owners comes into play. It is a more hands on approach to the business analysis. There is more communication. Face to face discussions occur more frequently. E-mails and faxes are becoming few and far between. So what is agile analysis?

Agile analysis is the warm concept of business trouble shooting. The business analyst who uses agile analysis is more of a hands on type of person. The stakeholders who demand agile analysis are more informed than the normal upper management. Agile analysis incorporates all stakeholders and participants into one unit each with a given task. Communication channels are always open when it is concerning agile analysis. The qualified business analyst is more dependent on his or her people skills with agile analysis than any other type of productivity.

Analysis answers the questions of who, what, why, when, and where. The infamous how much is also in there somewhere. Who is it for? What do they want? Why do they want it? When do they want it? How much is it going to cost? Where will it be used? If you can answer these questions with the data and information you gather then you are well on your way to solving the issues at hand. With agile analysis throw all of this out the window.

Agile analysis is personable. The business analyst will want to be in constant communication with the stakeholders. He or she will want to have more personal contact with them versus e-mails and faxes. The stakeholders are key in agile analysis. They will be more of a hands on client. They will want to be in every step of development.

In short, with agile analysis the business analyst and development teams will work hand in hand to deliver working software in a quick manner. They will be able to get face to face feedback allowing for changes to be made for the client. A working model structure will target each step or phase. The results will be classified as just in time solutions.

As each phase in presented the stakeholders will be able to generate questions of compatibility. They will be able to analyze the progress to determine if it will still work within the guidelines of the scope of the project. Each phase meeting will be a kind of question answer segment for the teams. This will ensure all parties involved know what is happening and what is going to happen.

Agile analysis has become more widely used over the past few years. Customers are finding they like the quick approach to the issues. New business analysts are enjoying the close contact with the stakeholders. IT likes being able to produce code that is going to be utilized and not just dumped. The end product is developed as an anticipated program. Agile analysis in some cases can be more cost effective. It is a win win situation.

Tips For Online Stock Trading

Trading stocks online can be a lucrative arena to enter, however, this may also come with great risks. If you are not well equipped with the artillery to get you through the online stocks jungle, then you might end up losing so much than what you have bargained for. Here are a few tips that could help prepare you for online stock trading.

Choose A Smart Trading Style That Works For You

Take time to consider what type of trading you would want to do and what style would best fit your lifestyle. For example, if you are interested in day trading, keep in mind that in order to do well in this particular field, you may need to be in front of the computer and on the telephone for very long hours in a day.

Whatever trading style you may choose, may it be day trading, short-term trading, weekly trading or even monthly trading, consider the nature of these styles and how you can fit them into your way of working.

Find A Good And Legitimate Broker

Another very important thing to remember in online stock trading is to find a good broker. Make sure that you take time to get to know your broker by checking whether the firm is legitimate under the SEC and if it receives good reviews from those with experience in trading.

The type of trading style that you decide to delve into should also greatly determine on which broker would be best for you. If you were engaging in day trading, then it would be best to choose a firm that has very good and accessible technological services. Other styles of trading can manage less sophisticated brokers.

Choose A Very Good Strategy

Because of the fact that stock trading involves so many risks, choosing a very good strategy can be very helpful for you to weather obstacles that will come your way.

Make sure that you choose a trading method that will take advantage of both up and down markets. A strategy that will work in all types of markets will surely be beneficial because you never know when demands for stocks may increase or go down, and surely, you wouldn’t want to end up losing money because you failed to foresee the different trends of the market.

Aside from this, make sure that your strategy involves minimal risks and gives you high rewards. It is always better to prevent and control risks than allow the chances that you may have to face serious dilemmas. Risk management is very vital in order to become successful in online trading.

Know About Stocks

Take time to know which stocks would be wise to place your investments on through extensive research or even through seeking the help of a professional. It is important that you are aware of the type of stocks that you risk your money on, after all, whatever results these may garner in the market will surely affect whether or not you will gain or lose profit.

Also take time to know when it would be best to sell your stocks. Most people just focus on what and when they should buy stock, but often times they forget how important it is to consider when would be the right time to sell. Take in mind the signs and conditions that can give you signals on when it would be best to get out of a bad investment before you lose substantial amounts of money.

These are all very basic, yet very vital things that anyone who wants to engage in the online stock trading business must know. After all, investing on your own knowledge and skills in trading is the most important thing that anyone must consider in order to win in this very risky trading game.

Follow these tips and surely, you can get a significant difference in your performance as an online stock trader.

What does a business analyst do

The qualified business analyst wears many hats. He or she is a negotiator, a skilled listener, a motivational speaker, and a team leader. His or her title may include that of systems analyst, requirements analyst, or project manager. The business analyst may or may not have a degree in business analysis. He or she may not be able to write code. However, the business analyst is educated in the process necessary to produce the code. He or she may even come from an IT department. But what is it they do?

The business analyst is someone capable of troubleshooting.. He or she will be able examine data and other information gathered to determine losses experienced by the company. The business analyst will be able to compare previous facts and figures to current numbers to deduce or predict where failure may occur. He or she will be able to examine information gathered by stakeholders to assess risks of certain project programs.

The business analyst is an objective listener. He or she will be able to speak to stakeholders and hear the needs determined by the management. The business analyst will be able to ask questions which could lead to certain discoveries once overlooked. The qualified business analyst gain knowledge of a situation by listening to team leaders and end users. He or she will hear the underlying message of what is being developed versus what is needed.

The business analyst is a negotiator. He or she will be able to involve themselves with departments and teams to allow the teams to work together. The business analyst will realize conflicts among departments. He or she will work side by side with each team to negotiate a compromise so the project is not jeopardized. The business analyst will motivate the teams to recognize their strength and weakness and allow them to excel and overcome. He or she will develop a rapport with department heads and stakeholders to rally the teams into completing the tasks at hand.

The business analyst may be asked to centralize services for more efficient work environments. He or she may be asked to reduce duplication processes occurring between departments. The qualified business analyst may be asked to develop relations with external sources when necessary to deliver services needed for project completion. The duties of the business analyst are never ending. He or she is a useful asset to the company.

The business analyst is a visionary. He or she usually thinks outside the box. Always in the know about latest technological advances, the business analyst will know when a program is capable of being utilized by the company. He or she will know how to determine a need when the situation arises. This way the business is not left behind and can keep up with corporate peers.

Sometimes the business analyst is forgotten amongst the bustle of corporate strategy. However the business analyst will be the always be the innovative link between each and every department and stage of development in the project program.

The Problem With Penny Stock Trading

Most people these days want to earn money fast. This is probably one of the major reasons that so many people are also getting scammed and often lose a lot of money. Sad to say, that the “easy money” mentality has reached the stock market and has left a lot of people investing unwisely on penny stocks that may often be too risky to begin with. Let us learn how this variety of stocks can actually be problematic to investors.

What Are Penny Stocks?

Penny stocks are stocks that are sold for less than a dollar or, in some cases, less than five dollars for each share. Most of these stocks only have a short operating history and only have a few million dollars in net tangible assets. Typically, these have low market caps, minimal liquidity and are often traded on over-the-counter exchanges.

Why Are Penny Stocks Risky?

What you should know about these stocks is that trading them may be much riskier as compared to regular stocks. After all, with such issues as these stocks having no adequate backgrounds, offer very limited information about the companies, and may often pose huge threats for scams.

Lack of Background

The chances are, if companies are willing to trade stocks in such small amounts, they most probably have very little business history or may have a very negative one. These companies are either just starting out in the business or they may have experienced bankruptcy, thus they resort to selling their stocks at such low prices.

Because there isn’t a lot of information available on penny stock companies, there is a very huge possibility that you might be making a bad investment. And of course, you may end up losing more money than you plan on gaining.

Limited Information

For most companies that offer penny stocks, not a lot of information is really available for investors to view online or elsewhere. After all, most exchanges in this market operate on the Over The Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB), which do not really require thorough reports for public posting.

Without such valuable information, it would be very difficult on the investor’s part to make the right and objective trade decisions, and this could often lead to unwise guessing.

Bribes And Scams

It isn’t common for such stocks to be promoted by people who have been paid to do just that. Perhaps, you have received spam emails that may sound too good to be true, which may encourage you to invest in a particular penny stock. Take in mind those successful companies these days mostly did not start out through penny stocks.

The usual scenario happening that enables bribes and scams is that a company may buy some stock and then spread emails to tell people that a certain stock is doing well in the market. A lot of readers would then respond to this by investing in stocks, causing the price to dramatically shoot up due to supply and demand. After this, the scammer may sell his or her share for a huge amount before the price dramatically goes down again leaving many investors to lose a lot of money.

In conclusion, although there is a lot of potential for growth in very minute sized stocks, there are greater risks involved. And often times, if you are not well acquainted with the business background as well as with the necessary information on how your investment is doing, there is a huge chance for you to get scammed.

And so, if you are new to the whole stock exchange market, make sure that you decide wisely on which type of stocks to invest and do not go after what may seem easy to get you rich. Take in mind that, although penny stocks may be alluring, they may involve huge risks on your part.

What Are Use Case Studies?

A use case study is designed to describe a situation in which the program is being utilized by the end user. It will tell a story of sorts describing how the program works and the input of the user. It does not tell how the program was developed. The details of the programming are not included in the use case study. You are trying to express the concept behind the creation.

Use case studies are generally one of two types. Type one is the essential use case. This is the type of use case study which is created at the beginning of a project. The idea behind the essential use case is to show what the program is going to do. There is no technical jargon or reference to programming procedures in the essential use case study.

The second type of use case study is the real use case. This use case study will show the hands on of the application. Usually there will be slides showing how the system is operated. This use case study is developed mid-way through the development of the program. Stakeholders can see how the program is instrumental in it’s usage.

There may be several use case studies written for every scenario the development team can think of. This way the application is put through it paces, so to speak, on paper. Notes can be taken or suggestions made to better the program. Allowing the stakeholders to see the end results of the program without going completely through the development stage can save time and money.

The business analyst will ask for suggestions when writing the use case studies. He or she will draw on the knowledge of the IT department. He or she will account for what the end user is asking for as well. The business analyst will draw up scenarios with the stakeholders in mind also.

Use case studies are communication tools used to allow end users to express what they feel is necessary in the system. The stakeholders can see how the user interacts with the system and can make suggestions to improve the system. The use case studies communicate to the IT department what the system is being designed for. It shows hands on applications the system will be used in. The user will be able to say the system program is doing what is required. The IT department will be able to say the system program is functioning as required. When the system program is done and in place, everyone will know what to expect. The stakeholders, end users, and IT should be satisfied with the outcome.

Use case studies do more than just show scenarios of the application. They can be instrumental in training documentation as well. The stakeholder or end user may want to keep the use case studies for training purposes or to help in developing training manuals. The business analyst who uses great care and painstaking intuition when developing use case studies may be rewarded in more ways than one.

The Difference Between Trading Stocks And Stock Options

In the stock market industry, the trade for stocks and stock options are often interchanged and many may be confused between the concepts behind these types of trades. However, what you should know is that these two have very different characteristics from each other, and using them interchangeably can be very lethal if you want to engage in the stock trading game.

Knowing the difference between these two would not only save you on making serious trading mistakes, but perhaps, you can be guided on making a smart business decision on which particular trade you would actually want to make your investments.

Stocks Versus Stock Options

By definition, stocks are actually shares of a particular company that can be traded through the act of buying or selling by an investor. If you happen to own a particular stock from a company, you are entitled to certain rights, which may include a profit share from earnings. You may also have the liberty to sell your share of stock if you no longer desire it.

A stock option on the other hand, is not the stock or share of the company itself, but it is actually the rights for a certain stock. It actually allows you to buy and sell company stock at a set price in a certain time period. However, you do not gain the profits from the company itself.

Take note that in doing transactions for stock options, there will always be a buyer and a seller, and this may not always hold true when compared to stocks. When you sell stock options, you are actually creating a certain degree of security for the company as well as for yourself. In this way, the parties involved can make sure that money is actually made to the frequent trade that happens.

Comparing The Benefits

In comparing the benefits of trading stocks and stock options, many experts would claim that stock options might be a promising gamble for companies and individuals, especially if you have adequate experience in the trading game and can substantially use very good strategies to survive. However, the same results might not be expected if you are only a beginner.

What makes a lot of experts prefer options trading is usually because in this particular trade, no matter what would happen to the underlying security, an option buyer cannot lose to more than that of the initial price paid for the rights. Therefore in trading options, there are fewer risks involved on the part of the buyer, especially when it comes to the possibility of losing a lot of money. And it may even give promises of profitable gains.

But on the other hand, the seller may experience greater risks. There may be a possibility that one has to deliver or take deliveries of the stock shares. Unless the option is actually covered by a different option, then the seller may end up losing much more than the stock option’s original price.

And so, if you are not well skilled and knowledgeable about how you can prevent severe losses, then the best way for you to play the stocks trading game is to stick with the more traditional trading of stocks as this can be easier.

However, if you do believe that you can manage then options trading may give you many promising positive results. Just make sure that you take the time to understand concepts and strategies behind stock options before you actually start trading.

The Role of a Business Analyst

The role of a business analyst can be very difficult. He or she must wade through the mass of information presented to determine the underlying problems. This information may or may not be correct. The business analyst much research to comprehend the true situation of the business. The information supplied to the business analyst is given from many perspectives. Opinions can influence how one perceives the related issues. At times, the opinions can add unrelated information which only complicates the role of a business analyst.

Problems can occur for the analyst when persons with the business know how try to explain what must be done. The role of the business analyst is to understand what is the desired outcome. He or she will listen and put into perspective what is being relayed. The business analyst will be able to determine what is feasible and what just can not be done. The role of a business analyst is that of a problem solver. Understanding both aspects as a user and as one affected by the application will allow the business analyst to perform his or her role.

The role of a business analyst is to merge the Information Technology (IT) department with the business departments. He or she will be able to separate the separate the individual teams while still maintaining a uniform team management system. Teaching these two teams how to work to overcome obstacles and strive for completion of a goal is a main directive for the business analyst. He or she will act as a liaison between the two. Performed correctly will result in project completion. Success will be achieved.

Management may be impatient when the business analyst begins resolving the project program issues. The role of the business analyst will allow him or her to understand the project scope. He or she will determine what the project objectives are and who is trying to implement them. The business analyst will assess the needs and determine the project goals. He or she will not jump ahead to the solution without utilizing the proper steps. A good business analyst will be skilled in explaining the structure of each step and co-ordinate them with each department. This will reassure management the job is being done in a timely manner.

The perfect business analyst is one who was a user. In other words, he or she understands the complications of being with the IT team. The business analyst will be able to explain the project scope from the lay person’s perspective. He or she will not get lost or caught up in trying to explain technicalities or formulas. Rather the business analyst will explain each process as a stepping stone to reach the ultimate goal. The lack of communication has resulted in almost 50% of project failures. Informing each department involved, in a way they will understand, can mean greater success.

The role of the business analyst is not to jump to the end and start with the solution. This will only result in failure. Assessing the needs to determine what is actually required will allow the business analyst to implement the steps to success. There are times when management will think otherwise. The business analyst should try to make all parties understand what is important and what is not relevant. This ensures all information needed to identify the solution has been presented. In the end, the business analyst will be able to determine if the solution will meet the requirements designed in the project proposal. This will ensure success for the business analyst and the company.

The Job Market for a Business Analyst

Business analyst is not a new term in the business world. It has become extremely popular over the past few years. With businesses expanding world wide more emphasis has been put on the IT teams and departments to monitor and or expand with corporate peers. This has brought about changes in how business operates. A need for business analysis and systems analysts was born. Stakeholders wanted to know the money being spent was worth the expenditure. They needed someone to come in and tell them where to invest within the company to raise profits. The business analyst job was created.

The job of the business analyst was simple at first. He or she was nothing more than a monitor. Observe what was going on and try to improve on it. Look for problems and find a way to fix them. The position became complex when stakeholders started demanding things from IT and no-one knew what to do. The business analyst became the go between. Acting as the liaison for stakeholders and IT, the business analyst became the one who got things done. He or she acted as the motivator. He or she was the mover and shaker of the company.

Today a business analyst can have several different names. Systems analyst and project manager are just an example. The job of business analyst can be held from inside the company or with an outside research and consulting firm. Certain business analysts are independent business owners choosing to offer their experience to a broad range of clientиle. It is basically how the business analyst wishes to work which determines the job market for him or her.

There are those people who wish to ensure job stability within a corporation. They will feel more secure knowing they are a part of a dynamic organization they can grow with. The skill level will grow with the demands of the job. Emphasis will be placed on what the boss wants at any given time.

Other people breaking into the job market may wish to join with a group of individuals already working with several clients to fulfill the needs of stakeholders. A research and development firm may be just what is needed for this individual. He or she will want to learn with their peers, work with a trained team, and accomplish things as a team player. They will be able to grow and expand by learning from the years of experience the firm has to offer.

The business analyst who thinks outside the box may be truly happy on his or her own. He or she may want to develop their own kind of strategy for the job market. This kind of person may choose to open his or her own consulting firm. He or she may be very good at working alone while still motivating the teams and departments to get the job done. His or her success depends on the negotiating skills and other people skills one is born with. Some independent business analysts are very successful.

The job market is open to many who seek this type of position research should be done prior to just accepting any offer that comes. Questions should be asked. Is this the type of company I will be happy with? Is there room for advancement? Will I gain experience while working here? Will I be able to express myself freely when I foresee a problem with a project? What are they looking for in a business analyst? Do I truly fit the description?

Determining what the business analyst is looking for before he or she even starts career chasing will save quite a few headaches down the road.

The Advantages Of Trading Stock Options

Just recently, options in stock trading have been getting the attention they deserve from many traders. However, for quite some time now, investing on options has created quite a stigma in the market especially with the financial media and a few popular figures attaching such implications that trading options may be too risky or dangerous.

What you should knowing about trading options however, is that there are a lot of advantages that one can get from it. And as long as you are smart in handling your trades and with the use of the right strategies, you may be able to prevent risks from actually happening.

Cost Efficient

One thing about stock options is that they are well capable of leveraging or borrowing money in order to increase returns. It can be very possible for an investor to obtain option positions that copy stock positions without going overboard with the cost. A strategy known as a stock replacement, allows mimicking stocks possible but in a cost efficient way.

For example, for you to be able to purchase 200 shares of a $50 stock, you must pay $10,000. But if you were going to purchase a couple of $20 stock options, with the options representing 100 shares each, then you would only have to outlay $4,000 instead of $10,000. As an investor, you would be able to gain $6,000 for you to use in your discretion.

Of course, the whole process may not be as instant and as simple as the example provided. But if you are able to choose the right stock option for the process, then you may be successful in your attempts for this strategy.

High Potential Returns

Another fact about stock options is that you can actually spend less money, but still make almost the same profit. Because of this, you can surely expect to gain a much higher percentage of returns as compared to normal stock trading. Of course, this would mean that you can actually earn so much more and your investment can surely pay off.

More Investment Alternatives Are Offered

Another very good advantage in trading options is the fact that they can offer more strategic alternatives for investment as compared to traditional stocks. Because options are very flexible, there can be a lot of way to use them.

Take in mind that options are actually the rights to trading a particular stock, and so, there may be various ways that an investor can actually use these rights to benefit him or herself.

The use of these options allow an investor to trade not only through stock movements, but through the passage of time and unpredictability in the market as well. And this can be very beneficial because most stocks rarely move significantly. Options strategically offer alternatives for a trader to do business in every type of market.

These are only a few of the major advantages of trading stock options, but as you can see, they are enough reason to tell you that going into this type of market can really be beneficial. With the low costs, direct access to stock options through the Internet, and with such benefits at hand, it is no wonder why stock options trading have become a part of the financial circles these days.

Techniques Available to the Business Analyst

The business analyst will utilize many tools when scoping out a project proposal. He or she may use basic, intermediate, or advanced techniques. Each company project proposal will be different. Similarities may occur allowing the business analyst to use past experience to implement a business plan.

Different businesses will demand varied techniques to implement a project proposal. If there is a company newsletter detailing IT production, this will help a business analyst with his or her research. Data collection can come from many sources. The news letter may give an insight into what the company is struggling with or trying to accomplish. A blog or website can also provide this information.

Financial statements will allow the business analyst to examine past successes and failures of the company. Statistics can be gathered which will inform the analyst of strategies used in the past. This will help in calculating risk assessment. The financial software available on today’s market will allow the business analyst to establish where financial results can be improved.

The business analyst has the ability to utilize a feedback survey to determine specific needs of the company. Simple questionnaires can pinpoint management strategies and performance as well as give an employee and outside sourcing analysis. Added to information already gathered, the business analyst can compile a project program for acquiring higher profit margins and reaching set goals.

The certified analyst will take into consideration the cost of a project. At times the company can be spending money where it is not necessary. This is also true with project programs. A good business analyst will determine necessary needs and strive to keep project program costs within a set guideline.

The best technique a business analyst can use is creativity. Let them think outside the box. Allow the freedom of expression to flow freely. The business analyst is a creative do-er. Let them do what comes naturally. A true business analyst will create a project program as though it were a work of art. This is the parental instinct coming out. The technique is to develop the “baby” and nurture it into something workable. As with any great thing, an artist will look at all aspects to determine what will make a good model and a good subject.

Using both as a focal point, a masterpiece is created. Success will usually follow. There will be nay sayers. These are the ones who need to see the big picture and not each individual step. There will inevitably be fault with one or two points. The savvy business analyst will see the faults do not become cliff hangers. The issues will be dealt with in a timely manner.

Only good things can happen from that point. Allowing the creative techniques to be used has put many a business at the forefront of their industry. A good business analyst is always looking for something which will work to make a difference. When he or she recognizes a problem, the creative side sees what has or has not worked in the past and figures out a way to overcome the issue. As a motivational person, the business analyst will encourage creative thinking in the departments. Embracing new ideas and trends have produced record setting years for companies which use to struggle. The intelligent business analyst will know different can be dynamic.

The Advantages Of Online Stock Trading

The Internet is an advanced and handy tool in modern society. Gone are the days that its use limited to learning and socializing. But now, a growing trend for doing business, banking and investing has emerged through online networks. In fact, one of the fastest growing markets online is stock trading.

However, if you have grown accustomed to the traditional methods of the stock exchange, then having quite a few hesitations with buying and selling stocks online is understandable and quite normal

But what you should know is that online trading can be very efficient and beneficial to you as an investor. With much perks on factors such as time, control, and cost, you can surely get used to how easy the hi-tech process can be. Here are the most evident advantages of online stock trading:

Faster Transactions

As what every investor and broker should know, time is a very essential element in trading stocks. The effect of whether or not you would be able to make profit or experience loss in your transaction will greatly depend on the time it takes to execute the trade.

In the traditional set-up, you have to call your broker and ask him to buy or sell the stock. Then this would then be followed by a process wherein your broker will negotiate with the trader for the price of the stock. Then, you would have to wait for your broker to call you for the price before you can make a decision on whether you should buy or sell. And then if you do decide to buy or sell the stock, your broker would have to make another call to order through the trader.

However, when you do transactions online, all it takes to be able to buy or sell stocks would be a single click of the mouse. Through this, a quicker exchange can be made, which may also ensure faster earnings.

Closer Control

Since trading is done through the Internet, you can watch over your stocks more closely. After all, you can always log in on your account anytime and view how your shares are fairing in the market anytime you want. This empowers you to be aware of the performance of your investment instead of having to wait for reports in the mail that may not come as often as you would like.

Through online exchange, you can also be free to make your own decisions to buy or sell stocks instead of relying on whether or not your broker will agree to execute a certain trade you might be interested in. In a way, you are empowered to trust your own intuition and take your own risks with your investments.

Lower Fees & Commissions

Another very good benefit of online stock trading is the lower stockbroker commissions and that you will have to pay as compared to the traditional method. If you trade in a sufficiently large volume of stocks, it can even be possible for you to be able to negotiate your broker’s fees. Thus, you can save a lot of money and even earn more.

Although keeping up with the times and going hi-tech may seem quite intimidating at first, especially if you are used to more traditional methods, moving forward can always become a much more practical and reliable step for you to take in the long run.

With the many benefits that online stock trading can give you, buying or selling your stocks through the Internet can certainly be a great way to participate in the stock market. Not only are things made easier and more convenient for you, you can even save so much time and money, as well as gain more control on your investments.

Reasons Projects Fail for a Business Analyst

Each day businesses call upon a business analyst to determine what must be done in order to accomplish a certain task. Each avenue must be explored and analyzed for a project proposal to be implemented. The project scope determines what the course of action may or may not be. Each person involved must answer to another until management is satisfied all has been done to rectify the situation. Everything stays on task. The project as a whole is coming together. Teams are co-ordinating with each other to apply the objective into the code. It is all going according to plan. At the end, it all falls apart. Nothing is as it seems. The project has failed to accomplish what it set out to do. The business analyst is hung out to dry. Every finger points to him or her. In actuality it is not the fault of the analyst.

It was a joint effort from the beginning. When the problem was recognized as such and something needed to be done is when the business analyst came into the scope of things. Management said get it done. IT said it is done. Low end said it just isn’t what we need anymore. So what happened? The first thing is failing to disclose all information necessary do make a proper assessment of the situation.

A business analyst is not a mushroom. You can not keep them in the dark. They have to know the in’s and out’s of the company. He or she must be aware of the company vision or end goal. A few facts and figures just will not do the job. Disclosure can close the project tighter than a drum.

Acting as the liaison between departments and upper management, the business analyst must gather data from everyone involved in the project. When someone feels they do not want to be a team player this can cause a disruption in the scheme of things. Each team was delegated a task. Upstarts who think they know what is the end result and rush to meet the goal, may find themselves dead wrong. However there are times when up and coming management leaders do the same thing. Instead of looking at the big picture and realizing all the intricate parts are necessary, they view a segment as the solution. This can only lead to failure. Communication is the key to success.

If someone does have a better plan, a good business analyst will listen to the idea. He or she may find it a viable solution for one aspect of the entire project. Unless the business analyst is told of the idea it can go unused or worse yet misconstrued as the proper solution. Communication is most commonly the reason projects fail.

The business analyst is what holds the project together. He or she is what makes the teams work together as teams. The analyst is the one who takes all the pieces of the puzzle and puts it together so the end result is success. Think of the business analyst as the nails in a house. When you do not use nails to hold it all together you wind up with nothing more than kindling.

Would Becoming A Freelance Paralegal Be A Good Option For You?

When you are thinking about a new career as a paralegal, there are a number of options which you can consider. You might decide that being a freelance paralegal is the way that you wish to pursue this field. You can begin by weighing the pros and cons of this exciting new way of working in the paralegal field; and you may decide that it is the best option for you.

If you are the type of person who is less than thrilled with the prospect of working in the same office, day after day, eliminating this form of routine is one of the most important highlights that you can receive from freelancing. When you hire yourself out as a freelancer, each and every job assignment that you take on will be a new adventure. Not only will the work environment vary, but you will also have the opportunity to meet many more interesting people. This factor alone is one of the main reasons why many paralegals prefer freelancing over committing themselves to one specific workplace.

Freelancing can also result in a big “plus” regarding your income. Instead of having to settle for the specific salary that is offered by the one law firm that you work, you have a great deal of leeway in setting your own pay rates. This factor can result in considerably more money for you.

When you elect to freelance, you will also be in charge of your own schedule. Instead of being bound to the nine-to-five work day of most law offices, both your daily schedule and your calendar as a whole will be largely up to you. Whether you need to take time off, or whether you wish to take on a heavier workload, freelancing will meet your needs.

There are, of course, some negative points to freelancing. One important point is that if you work as a freelance paralegal you will not be eligible for the types of benefits that you would have in working for a law firm or a private attorney. If you feel that such “perks” as general health insurance and other such benefits are essential, freelancing will not give you these benefits.

If job security is high on your list of priorities, this is another factor that is not provided by freelancing. Many people need to be assured of steady income, at a rate that they can count on, in order to keep their bills and everyday living expenses up to date. Freelancing will not provide the job and income security that you would have from being on the staff of a law firm.

In order to be successful with freelancing, it is necessary to be self-disciplined, motivated, and organized. If you elect to take the route of freelancing, you will need to be able to seek and obtain prospective jobs, be very effective in scheduling your time, and have good math skills for the purpose of billing and taxes.

Working as a freelance paralegal has factors in its favor, and factors that are negative to some people. If a sense of adventure and excitement in your work life is what would suit you the best, freelancing could be a great option for you!

Stock Trading – When Should You Sell Stocks?

Among many stock traders, one mistake commonly made is that investors may often exhaust themselves on merely thinking about buying stocks without foreseeing that there may come a time that they may need to let go of such stocks for lucrative reasons. Sometimes, you may realize that selling can really be more practical than holding on to something that may cost you more in the long run. Let us learn why and when you should sell stocks.

When Your Stock Investment Is No Longer Doing Well

One very major reason that you may need to consider selling your investment is when it has gone sour by underperforming in the market. There may come a time when investing on certain stocks may even cost you more than the actual gains that you get in return.

There are times however, when you do not necessarily have to sell within the instant. Make sure that you check possible reasons why your stock has not been doing well, certain factors like the wrong market timing or the occurrence of certain changes within the company may normally cause some decline in stock behavior.

But when you have noticed that your stock has not been meeting your expectations for a consecutive number of trading quarters, and then it may certainly be wiser to just save yourself from a bad investment.

When A Better Opportunity Presents Itself

Another good reason to sell your stock is when there is a better opportunity available in the market. This is a frequent reason for many people to sell stocks and may create a churning in an investor’s portfolio, which may mean that the investor’s account extremely active through frequently purchasing and selling in order to generate profits.

As what has been previously mentioned, once you believe that an investment has truly gone sour and it would be quite difficult to rise above the decline, then the best option for you would certainly be selling and looking for better opportunities available.

When Your Reason For Investing Is No Longer There

Lastly, another of the most common reasons why you should sell your stock is when you have lost your belief in your investment. If you have lost or have already met your reasons for investing, then, it may be normal for you to feel that you should sell your stock.

There may be many reasons for you to invest on stocks and some of these may perhaps be the possibility that you want to gain commissions from a certain company or perhaps you truly believe in a certain company’s product.

However, when the time comes wherein you no longer believe in investing in your stocks or you have lost your reasons to do so, then selling your shares may be the right thing to do.

It is only smart if you are an investor to not only think about purchasing or buying stock shares and to stop at that. There really must be a certain degree of preparation on your part to be willing to sell your investment at some time. After all, if your investment no longer proves to be practical for you to keep, then selling it may be the best move for you.

Remember that for you to be successful in stock trading, you must be prepared with the many highs and lows of the game. Keep in mind these reasons stated above on when you should consider selling your stocks and perhaps, the selling option could be a great route for you to rise above declines.

Qualities of a Business Analyst

Analysts used to be the ones who had a technology degree but were able to back it up with some basic business knowledge. Now the times are changing. Business analysts are business people who specialize in technology. They can work both spectrum’s of the field.

Qualities of a business analyst may include some degree in technology. They know that the business is to lead the way in technology, not the other way around. Just because it is a cool new thing does not make it a practical application for today’s market. It may not fit the bill next month or even next week.

Another quality a business analyst has is the ability to be comfortable in the board room as well as in front of the drawing board. He or she will know how to address a meeting of the stakeholders, while still going back to IT and mapping it out for the department. A great quality for any business analyst is what some call bi-lingual speech. Being able to discuss issues in a clear concise language everyone can understand.

The business analyst is going to be a research person. He or she will always be doing something to gain more knowledge. Whether it is for the company or for their own personal gratification the business analyst will know knowledge is the key to success.

One of the best attributes for the business analyst is being able to supply options. He or she will know what is available and from whom. The business analyst is not a bobble headed yes man. He or she will state the facts and tell the stakeholders or department leaders if the idea is solid or not. He or she will let people know when a problem exists with a concept or idea. The business analyst will be able to tell why the problem occurs.

Being open minded is a good quality for the business analyst. He or she can impart an impartial viewpoint to theories and opinions. The business analyst will be able to choose vendors from an objective point of view.

Qualities bestowed on a business analyst include knowing the attributes of another individual. He or she can show that person where their expertise can help a project. The business analyst will not surround him self or her self with people who do nothing. He or she will find the people who can do the job. This may mean the large team stakeholders are expecting may only be a handful of qualified individuals.

The qualities of a business analyst will allow him or her to look into the future to see where business and technology are going. He or she will be collecting information all along the way to help with the next step or phase which is coming. He or she will be able to map market trends. The business analyst will be able to see economic bubbles before they occur and take steps to avoid disaster.

A good business analyst will be one of the best assets a company or organization can invest in. Finding a business analyst with these qualities is like finding a pot of gold at the end of a rainbow. The business analyst will tell you where to invest it.

Stock Trading Software: How Does It Help You?

Owning a very good stock trading software can be a very handy tool for faster and easier transactions in the stock exchange. After all, it is a great way to analyze the market with the use of an online software that is capable of calculating important indexes as well as giving you a preview on which shares you should consider trading.

A stock trading software is basically a computer program that allows you a certain degree of access to the stock market of any part of the world. This program has the ability to analyze movements within international markets.

Traders often use this kind of software to perform both buying and selling in the stock exchange. It also offers investors various benefits that can help them in successfully engaging in the stock market. Here are some of the ways that the software becomes helpful to you:

Time Saving

One of the major benefits in using stock trading software is that it saves you a lot of time. After all, time is a very essential factor in stock trading for you to be able to make the best deals.

Through the use of this program, you can forego with having to spend so long in trying to interpret data on your stocks through newspaper reports or online stock pages. Through a single click of the mouse, the software can download the necessary information and will process all the data for you so you can make your decisions faster.

Objective Guidance

Another great benefit for using this software is that it can give you great trading advice, especially if you are a beginner. Because the program is not biased upon emotions in presenting its opinions to you, a more objective and truthful judgment on which stocks will be best to invest on can be delivered. And so, there is a better chance that you will be guided to making a better and unbiased decision.

More Control

Using a stock trading software also gives you more access and control to your own accounts. Instead of relying too much on brokers to negotiate deals for you, you are now empowered to handle a lot of the work yourself, and you can even constantly check on how your investments are doing in the market. This way, you can monitor your stocks more effectively.

Broadening Of Your Portfolio

Finally, the use of trading software can also allow you to make international trades easier and this may broaden your portfolio. Because the program is based on information technology and a vast online network, it would be easier for you to make global transactions without having to leave your own home. This can pave way to broaden your stock portfolio and even make it more secure.

Indeed, the use of trading software is a great way to maximize what modern technology has to offer and incorporate it in making profit. By saving you a lot of time, giving you more objective advice, empowering you to have more control and broadening your portfolio, this program has proven its usefulness for anyone interested in engaging into stock exchange.

And so, if you are interested on making your stock transactions faster and easier, or if you are merely new to the market and would want very good assistance in your decisions, then you can never go wrong by investing on a good stock trading software.

Is a Degree Necessary to be a Business Analyst

The lack of proper education can be a major drawback for someone breaking into the business world. Many people study business management and other business related courses. There are many diplomas issued each year to hopeful business prospects. When it comes to being a business analyst all the rules change. Although a degree can be helpful, it is not necessary. Experience is the key to success when it comes to a business analyst.

Many great business analysts did not even go to college. If they did it was not in the field of business but technology. A business analyst can earn a degree. There are certification classes one can take to hold the title of certified business analyst. Most have learned from experience not from books.

A good business analyst is one who has prior experience in the business world with trouble shooting. They will be able to assess a business proposal or project and determine needs from data gathered. A book or white paper may not tell a business analyst what needs assessments to to prepare. Only experience can do that in certain businesses.

To better understand what degree a business analyst must have consider it only takes 8 weeks to become a certified business analyst. 2 months of study can explain what the job description is and how to implement it. When you put it in those terms, it may be a little unnerving to some. Those 8 weeks are crammed with information straight from a text book. The real world is slightly different.

A good business analyst is going to understand the concept of code. He or she is going to know there is something amiss when they start researching the problems reported by management. There may be simple solutions which only require added code to justify the means. Other projects many require extensive analysis to determine where the problem lies and how to correct it. Someone with business savvy can figure it out. The problem lies in implementing the plan of action.

The reputable business analyst will be able to speak with management and other stakeholders to hear what problems and solutions have been ascertained. These issues may or may not be the root source of the conflict. The business analyst can determine this. He or she can weed through what management thinks is necessary information to glean the truth. He or she will be able to drop in on IT and see what their take on the problem is. The business analyst will also speak to other low end users who know more about the application of the program. This is where other departments fail in providing what works and what does not compute with real life scenarios.

Does someone need a degree or license to understand the issues of business? No. Does it help to have an understanding? Yes. It certainly looks good on a resume to list degrees and certifications. Past experience and a portfolio of solved issues will go farther than any framed paper.

Stock Trading Computers – Are They Always Helpful?

Technology has outdone itself these days. May it be in simple means of communicating or in much more complicated business or moneymaking transactions, the use of the computer has become very apparent in most people’s lives.

In stock trading, the rise of the market transactions online has become quite prevalent over the past few years. Many institutional investors prefer to use sophisticated computer technology to assist them in making investment decisions. And many people argue that computers may just be better at picking stocks than traditional human brokers.

Although computers may perform a lot of sophisticated utilities, you may wonder whether or not these can really be better aids for trading as compared to traditional brokers. At the end of the day, remember that what technology has to offer are mere recommendations and ultimately, the decision is still up to you.

Taking The Emotions Out of Stocks

One of the most common arguments that many people who choose to make use of computer technology in trading is that by not having to deal with many emotions that human brokers may have in stock picking, then computers can offer more objective recommendations to the investor.

Because most computer programs cater to quantitative models by searching through layers of data to look for stocks that are compatible to be bought or sold, then the computer’s lack of the ability to become confused from human emotions can be very beneficial. Remember that by taking out human emotions like pride or greed, choosing the right investments in quantitative models can perhaps become more lucrative.

No System Is Perfect

Though computers can be very promising tools in trading, take note that no system is always perfect. Since humans are still responsible for building the said models in which computers revolve in, there fundamentally are sill biases in the system. And even the most sophisticated computers cannot always report for all the variances out there in the market, at least, not at the moment.

One very common problem encountered with the use of computers is that may times, computer programs often end up recommending the same stocks on their lists. And if a hundred of these programs analyze companies at the same time, then they would most likely be giving the same recommendations to so many clients. And at the end of the day, investors would still have to fight for stocks.

When many people generally want to invest in the same stock and the demand goes up, what happens in the market is that prices also go up, and this can be very bad for the investor.

And so, the ultimate question is whether or not computers are really helpful in making trading much easier for you. The answer is to this is yes and no.

Although computers can surely help you in so many ways by foregoing of the usual distracting human emotions and can even analyze data much faster, remember that it is still a system that has yet to be perfected. And despite the many benefits, there are underlying flaws that can still make the trading game a jungle to get involved in.

The stock market with its unpredictable behavior can surely be a difficult arena to take on. And so, take note that whatever assistance you would want to use, whether sophisticated computer equipment or more traditional brokers, at the end of the day, your decisions would still be the make or break factor in order to become successful in your endeavors.

Importance of a Business Analyst

Each year technology advances at break neck speeds. These advances are utilized by businesses all across the globe. Multi-million dollar corporations are caught in a “keeping up with the Jones” race to develop new products or better ways of serving the consumer. At times, the bottom line starts to fall. When the trend starts to become a normal thing, there is a problem. This is when a company may need to step back and regroup. Even then, trying the same old thing just does not produce the desired results. A business analyst can come in and trouble shoot the issues.

A certified business analyst is trained to recognize problems and come up with solutions. He or she can listen to what the management is saying and turn it into facts and figures which can be incorporated into a project program. Listening is one of the best attributes a business analyst can have.

When the professional business analyst listens, he or she will hear what is being said. They will also hear what is being implied. The management may know what the problem is, just not how to fix it in a timely manner. Listening to all parties involved will give the analyst a broader scope of the problem. This may mean meeting with IT and other employees. Listening to lower level teams may lead to discoveries no-one knew existed.

The business analyst is removed from the situation, an outsider looking in. This does not mean the analyst has to be an outsider. He or she can be in the organization already. It is just that they can look at the project objectively and determine what is a waste of time and what is not. A different perspective is always a fresh start to any program. It is important to not follow in the same path. It did not work the first time, why would it work this time?

It is important to bring in someone who has a creative side. Someone with good people skills can manage a group of people to motivate them into action. A good business analyst will do this very thing. Acting as a liaison between different teams and departments, the business analyst can keep each unit informed of what is happening. He or she can delegate duties while explaining what must be done and why. He or she may allow freedom of expression and allow someone to generate fantastic ideas which may have been tossed aside in the past.

It can become frustrating to implement a plan of action only to discover when it is put into affect, it is no longer a viable solution. The business analyst will not allow this to happen. He or she is looking at the end goal and keeping up with changes which may affect the outcome. The perfect business analyst is abreast of what is needed and what is wanted. He or she can use this information to develop a flexible plan. Instead of a plan “B”, the plan “A” will be structured to allow for change or new needs.

The reason it is important to have a business analyst is because businesses need “what if” people. They are the ones who determine if a market changes how to incorporate new ways to target it. The business analyst knows if a new technology is on the market, and how it may help the company. Looking at a “what if” situation, the business analyst can determine what will or will not work. The professional business analyst can put a floundering company back on top.

Your Kidney And Gastric Bypass

The number of people suffering from obesity every year is increasing, it is mainly about the lifestyle and how people eat. To avoid the risks of obesity, more and more people are looking for other options for rapid weight-loss. About 140,000 people annually are finding gastric bypass surgeries an option for weight-loss and reducing obesity and its health complications.

Roux-en Y is the most common gastric bypass. In this procedure, a small and upper section of the stomach is separated by staples or bands to create a small pouch. This would limit the amount of food the patient could consume. It could hold about an ounce of food but can expand to about 4 to 8 ounces of food after a few months. A Y-shaped section of the small intestines is attached to the stomach. This would allow the food to bypass the upper portion of the intestines.

There are many benefits brought by gastric bypass surgery. Individuals who have undergone the procedure are said to reduce their weight with an average of 50 to 60%. Some would lose about 80% of their body weight two years after the sugery. Diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol levels and even cancer risks can be reduced by the procedure. However, there are also downsides with this surgery.

Gastric bypass surgery is an effective way of losing weight an obesity related health risks. However, there are studies showing concern about nephrolithiasis or the formation of kidney stones among those who have undergone gastric bypass surgery. According to paper presented in the 39th Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition of American Society of Nephrology, gastric bypass surgery increased the possibility of kidney stones.

Actually, this was not the first time that this kind of risk is identified with almost similar operations. In 1979, the Food and Drug administration had the jejunal ileal bypass under moratorium. This was because patients who had the procedure developed kidney stones five years after surgery.

Currently, there are studies showing that those who have undergone gastric bypass surgery would experience changes in the chemical composition of their urine. These changes eventually can lead into formation of kidney stones. After the gastric bypass surgery, the level of oxalate increased. This chemical when bound with calcium can cause the increase of kidney stones.

Another cause could be the production of low levels of citrate. Citrate dissolves crystals which can cause kidney stones. Low citrate levels and high levels, a combination that leads to an increase of calcium oxalate supersaturation. This increases or a strong factor or risk for having kidney stones. Other chemicals which also contribute to kidney stone formation like uric acid and potassium remains unchanged before and after the surgery.

A study conducted by Mayo Clinic showed that those who have underwent the procedure for the last six months have not developed this kind of chemical change. This condition could be avoided or the risk be reduced by undergoing some dietary changes. Doctors would recommend an increase on the intake of fluids, low-protein and low-salt diet, and normal calcium diet.

Why Go for Gastric Bypass Surgery?

Over 72 million adults in the United States are obese. Besides this disturbing figure lies a bigger problem: the life-threatening diseases that are linked to obesity. These obesity-related health problems include hypertension, hyperthyroidism, sleep apnea, and diabetes. For many obese people, gastric bypass or weight loss surgery is the best and fastest solution to their weight problem.

The many benefits of weight loss surgery outweigh its risks. Most patients lose 75 to 80 percent of their excess weight after the surgery. In a number of cases, the weight loss can be as much as 90 percent. Aside from weight loss, the following are the nine common advantages of weight loss surgery:

  1. Lower chance of developing diabetes

Most obese or overweight people have blood sugar imbalances, which are difficult to deal with unless they lose weight. Studies have shown that diabetic patients who went through weight loss surgery had their blood sugar levels return to normal after the operation. About 90 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes are expected to live well without medications after going through weight loss surgery.

  1. Reduced risk of hypertension and heart disease

Hypertension and heart disease are among the health problems linked to obesity. According to experts, weight loss surgery can help improve cardiovascular diseases and lessen their symptoms. Also, majority of weight loss surgery patients with hypertension may no longer need medications to treat their disease.

  1. Lower chance of getting sleep apnea

A study has proved that sleep disorders associated with obesity can be easily treated with significant weight loss, and surgery plays a major role in improving a person’s quality of sleep. Poor sleep, which is usually caused by discomfort and breathing troubles, can cause anxiety, fatigue, and stress during the day.

  1. Better joint function

With substantial weight loss comes reduction of stress on the joints, which is caused by obesity or excess weight. The surgery, which leads to weight loss, lowers the risk of damage to the joints and bones.

  1. Improvement of other health problems

Aside from the health problems mentioned above, the surgery can also help improve the following conditions: arthritis, asthma, breathing problems, reflux, and fatigue.

  1. Continuous weight loss

The most noticeable effect of the surgery is, of course, immediate and substantial weight loss. With proper diet and lifestyle adjustments, the surgery can lead to long-term weight loss and improved quality of life.

  1. Improved mobility and physical abilities

Life after weight loss surgery is much better because it makes movements much easier and helps a person perform better when it comes to physical abilities.

  1. Longer life

Because weight loss surgery helps reduce a patient’s risk of developing deadly diseases, it is able to extend a person’s lifespan. A study conducted in 2017 found that people who lost weight after undergoing the surgery have increased lifespan of up to three years.

  1. Increased self-esteem

Weight loss surgery leads to not only health benefits, but also to a positive image of oneself. Losing excess weight definitely improves one’s appearance as well as the confidence to pursue what a person wants in his life. And with a self-esteem boost, one can have an improved quality of life and interaction with other people.

Gastric bypass surgery, with the many benefits it offers, is undoubtedly one of the best recourse to solve obesity problems.

Stock Option Trading – Starting Out On The Basics

Stock option trading is not an advisable endeavor if you are new to the whole stock market game. If you delve into it unprepared, chances are, you may lose a lot of money as fast as you can make it. But doing your homework and starting out from the very basics can help groom you to be able to play in this complicated game. After all, this is a powerful investment tool if you plan to stay long in the stock market business.

What Are Stock Options?

First and foremost, it is important that you do not confuse an option with an actual stock. A stock option is actually a contract that gives the rights to either buy or sell the securities or commodities of a certain stock at a fixed price and within a specified time. When you trade options, you are basically just trading your privileges for securities or even certain merchandise involved, but not the stock itself.

These stock options are actually very important in the market because they provide advanced investors with extra opportunities that could pave way to better returns in doing business within the stock market. Investors usually make use of these rights to evade from price declines, to give insurance for the price of a future purchase, or even to help them speculate future stock prices.

There are two kinds of options –call options and put options. Call options basically give purchasers the privilege to buy underlying stocks, while put options allow the purchaser to sell the underlying stocks.

How Do You Exercise Options?

If you already own an option, you can exercise buying or selling its stock any time on or before its expiration date. This would allow you to trade the stock at a set price regardless of what the current market price is for that particular stock.

And thus, you can have the privilege of buying or selling stocks in cases wherein you fear that prices might get too high or too low for you. In this way, you have certain degree of insurance on the investments that you make. A lot of investors simply make trades without any intent of possessing the underlying securities.

How Do You Trade Options?

In trading options, also take not that the pricing may be extremely complicated. But it will basically depend on two major factors –the pricing of the underlying stocks and the amount of time remaining within the contract.

The price for principal stocks that accompany the options directly affects the price of the option. If the demand for the stocks is high, the price for the options will also go up and vice versa.

The amount of time left within the contract for an option also determines the price. As time expires, the price for the option may go down as it may become less desirable.

Take note that in the trading options game, investors use various trading strategies, which may all be very risky and complicated. And so, to become really successful in your attempts to profit from option trading, make sure that you at least familiarize yourself with the different strategies and consult experts who can give you good and reliable training.

Stock option trading can be a very strong investment tool for anyone who does business in the stock market. However, keep in mind that for someone who is not as familiar with the different strategies and if you are new to the stock exchange, this may be a very risky endeavor to take on. And so, utmost caution for beginners is highly advised.

Hiring a Business Analyst

There are times when a company must hire a business analyst. When searching from an outside source there are certain things an employer should determine when hiring the perfect business analyst. Some of these suggestions are common sense. Other items listed may be overlooked in the desperation to find a qualified business analyst.

The first question one should always ask is “What do you know about our company?”. This is a key question in the interview process. You will want someone who is familiar with what your company does. He or she should know what products you manufacture or services you provide. Being familiar with your industry makes it easier for you and the business analyst to understand each other. He or she will know exactly what you are expecting without much training.

When hiring a business analyst another question to ask is “How much experience do you have with this type of project?”. You will want someone who has been there before. You want to know the business analyst you are hiring will be able to handle the pressure needed to get the job done.

Hiring a business analyst means knowing the type of person you are interviewing. This is not an easy task. First impressions may not always be right. You are looking for someone who is creative. He or she will be able to think on their feet. Find out what their main short term goals are. Someone who says they hope to be starting their own consultant group is probably one who is not planning to stay long. You will want to have someone who can start the project and see it through to completion. There are times this may take several years.

Another attribute to look for when hiring a business analyst is team player capabilities. Someone who confesses to being a loner may not work well with others. He or she may bring an attitude to the table you just do not want. Watch for indications of self assurance but not self absorption. Hiring a business analyst means finding someone who is friendly and easy going. One who is not shy or submissive. You are not looking for a yes man. You are looking for someone to tell you if a solution will work or if it will fail.

When hiring a business analyst ask for worse case and best case scenarios from past experience. Listen carefully to the response. Did they make reference to who was to blame for any failures or shortcomings? Someone who puts the blame on everyone else is someone you do not want in your organization. There is usually enough of that going around for everyone. Someone who is able to stand and say they made a mistake or did not do everything to avoid the failure is an honest person people will trust. This is someone others will respect. It will be easier to introduce a new player into the team if others can trust them.

The best thing to do when hiring a business analyst is to first determine what attributes you are looking for. List qualifications second. Third is the experience. This will be a guideline for hiring the perfect business analyst to do the job.

What You Gain and Lose from Gastric Bypass Surgery

Obesity is a serious health problem across the globe. That is why a number of methods, techniques, and technologies have been developed to help curb weight problems that usually lead to life-threatening diseases such as heart ailments and diabetes. One of the most popular weight loss strategies is gastric bypass surgery, a procedure that alters the digestive system (particularly the stomach) to restrain a person’s food intake.

The results of the surgery are immediate—a patient may lose 50 to 60 percent of his weight within two years following the surgery. With healthy lifestyle (including proper diet and regular exercise), one can expect weight loss in the long run after the surgery. Those who are overweight will experience easier mobility and better quality of life after undergoing weight loss surgery.

But there’s more to this surgery than just weight loss. Aside from slashing off some figures from the weighing scale, the surgery also helps improve certain conditions that are often linked to obesity. These health problems include high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood cholesterol, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Thus, people who have gone through weight loss surgery are less likely to develop cardiovascular problems than those who have not tried the procedure. Also, the surgery can lessen a patient’s possibility of death due to heart ailment, diabetes, or cancer.

Now for the not-so good news. Weight loss surgery is not for the faint of hearts. As with other kinds of surgeries, weight loss surgery leads to several complications. If you will go through this procedure, you need to know the risks before you head over the clinic or hospital. Being aware of what to expect after the surgery helps a lot in your recovery process. The most common complications of the surgery include infection, bleeding, and swelling. Other complications are ulcer, low blood sugar, kidney stones, gallstones, iron deficiency anemia, and vitamin D and B-12 deficiency. After the operation, a patient may also experience vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and dizziness especially when eating foods rich in sugar and fat. These are caused by a condition called dumping syndrome in which the contents of the stomach pass through the small intestine very fast.

There are certain postoperative risks that occur in rare cases but are severe and need immediate medical attention. The following are some of the complications and tips on how to deal with them.

  1. Leak in the stomach

This is found at one of the staple lines in the stomach. The leak heals over time in most cases, though it can be treated using antibiotics. But severe cases require immediate surgery.

  1. Thinning of the opening between the small intestine and stomach

This condition needs either a corrective surgery or a simple outpatient procedure wherein a tube is inserted through the mouth to make the opening wider.

  1. Incision hernia or weakness in the incision

This complication happens if the surgery is an open procedure that involves a large incision on the abdomen. Incision hernia needs to be repaired through surgery depending on the severity of the condition.

  1. Death

For every 200 to 300 weight loss surgeries, one case results in death. Although the risk of death has been linked to gastric bypass surgery, it still depends on many factors such as age and health and medical conditions.

Stock Options – Comparing The Two Types

The trade for stock options is fast on the rise in the market these days. With its many trading benefits and high promises for financial profit, many have become quite interested in buying and selling such contracts. Let us learn about the two types of these options in order to better understand how to trade them.

Knowing how each of these options would work to your benefit as the contract holder can surely come in handy with the volatile trends ongoing in the stock market.

The two major types of option contracts are the call option and the put option. Each of these contracts holds rights and benefits for their owners. Let us discuss each of these and how they can be useful to you.

Call Options

A call option is a type of contract that gives its owner the right to buy the underlying stock at a certain fixed price (also called the strike price) within a specified time frame, which should be on or before the expiry date. The buyer of a call holds the right to purchase shares at the strike price until the date of expiry. The writer or the seller of the call on the other hand, holds the obligation.

If a call buyer chooses to exercise his or her option by deciding to purchase the underlying share, then the call writer is then obliged to sell his or her share at the negotiated strike price.

For example, an investor purchases a call option from a certain company with a strike price of $10, which will expire in two months, then that buyer holds the right to exercise his or her option by paying the value of $10 for each share. The writer, on the other hand, would be obligated to give up the shares in the exchange for $10 for each of them.

Put Options

On the other hand, a put option is the total opposite of the previous. It is a contract that allows one to sell the underlying stock at a certain price on or before the expiry date. A put buyer holds the right to sell shares at the strike price, and following this, a put writer will then be obliged to sell at the negotiated price.

And so, if the investors who have purchased the stocks of a company would have growing concerns that business may not fair a current market slump, then they can buy a put option at a certain strike price in order to ensure the safety of their gains.

These investors would then hold the right, until expiry, to be able to sell their stock shares for the same amount they paid for them. Sellers of the put are then obligated to buy back the shares. If in the event that the company really did not do well during the market slump, then this could hurt on the part of the put seller.

Knowing about the differences between these two types of options are the first major step to guide you in making decisions in trading stock options. Be sure that you know what risks are involved in each type, so you would be able to know whether to buy a call or put option with the current behaviors of the stock market.

Finding a Business Analyst

There are times when a business starts to lose money and no-one is sure where the problem is located. Going over facts and figures only points to the bottom line. The bottom line continues to shrink. People start to get desperate. Strategies are planned and implemented to no avail. Tried and true measures are no longer working. It is time to call on the experts. The business analyst needs to be brought in. The problem is finding one who knows the company.

Finding a good business analyst is not as hard as everyone thinks. They are not the enemy. They are not some eerie creature sneaking around, lurking behind every corner. A good business analyst is a creative thinker. He or she is a motivational, aggressive team player. The business analyst can gather data and other pertinent information from management and other sources to determine what is the key problem.

A qualified business analyst may already exist in your organization. A member of the IT department could be the one who develops a project program designed to save the company money. This is some one capable of setting up a development team to think outside the box. You are looking for someone creative. You want someone who is not afraid of a vision. Someone with good communication skills is a must. Most projects fall short due to the lack of communication.

It is actually a benefit to choose someone in-house. He or she already knows the company. The business analyst will know the strong attributes as well as weaknesses of the company. Choosing someone from inside the organization means he or she will know the people involved. Camaraderie may already exist. This can make the gathering of information easier. The more easy it is to collect needed data and information, the more quickly a project scope can be developed.

The best business analyst will be able to speak the language of which ever department he or she needs to interact with. He or she will not get caught sidetracked with mundane tasks and mute points. The business analyst will know what information is needed and get it. They will keep the big picture in mind. They will motivate others to stay on task. A good business analyst will allow someone the freedom of creativity. Obviously what was being done did not work. A new approach is needed and the qualified business analyst will see this.

Someone who can develop a repoire with the departments to meet expectations is the perfect candidate for business analyst. This person will act as a liaison between management and development teams. He or she should be able to speak with authority while still maintaining a level of respect. The perfect business analyst will be able to foresee problems which may arise between teams and squelch them before they start.

A liaison between involved departments, a leader during meetings, a project developer, and a numbers cruncher are all beneficial attributes of a good business analyst. Find someone capable of doing all these things and you have found a great asset.

Making A Smart Stock Investment

The trends in stock trading are very volatile and consistently fluctuating. If you are interested in investing in this economic jungle, you might find yourself surprised and confused with the differing trends and patterns in the market. And often times, it may be very difficult to find good stocks where you can invest with much ease.

Getting to know the right stocks to gamble your money on is very critical. And in doing so, it is very important that you understand how the company you are giving your investment to makes a substantial amount of money. Unless you have a full grasp on a company’s market, products as well as its competitive strengths and weaknesses, it would be pretty difficult for you to foresee whether or not your investment is profitable.

Get The Right Help

The very first step that you must take is basically to get the right people to help you in making good and lucrative decisions. First of all, find a good broker where you do not only gain a lot of savings from commission fees, but also make sure that you find one that will assure you of your investment’s production.

It also wouldn’t hurt for you to seek advice from experts regarding which stocks would give you good results in the stock market. If you are new to stock trading, this will be very vital. Remember that in order to be good in trading, sufficient experience and skills are needed, but for a beginner, using the knowledge and advice from a more experienced person may be the next best thing.

Try To Check On Investment Ideas

Try taking a trip to the mall and see which type of businesses are doing well in the market. It could also help if you check your own cupboard to see which products consumers like you would most often buy. By doing these things, you can find companies that could not only give you an assurance of success, but ones that you can possibly understand better as well.

Check For Competence

Take note that you should not stop at only understanding companies that you invest in. Make sure that you check on a company’s strength in competing in the business world as well. After all, you may know and believe in the product, but if it will not assure you of profit then your investment will still go down the drain.

A company you invest in must be able to display excellent economics. Having an attractive price for consumers as well as a management that is friendly to shareholders can guarantee good returns for your investment.

Remember that stock trading can be a very good way to earn, but remember that good returns can only come if you are smart in doing business in this confusing field. The market is full of competitors, and many stocks available are not necessarily good ones.

Always do your research on the companies you invest in before making rash decisions. Aside from this, make sure that you adopt the best strategies in the market, and you can do so by getting the right help especially if you are new to trading.

With the ever changing and volatile behavior of the stock market, make sure that you remain smart in your investments. Take the extra mile, and you will realize that all of your efforts will pay off once you get good profits.

What To Eat After Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric bypass surgery is among the most popular bariatric surgery, with the number of those who are choosing to undergo the procedure doubling since 2015 to 2017. The American Society of Bariatric Surgery, estimates the number to be 140,000 annually. This procedure is primarily done to resolve issues of morbid obesity and the diseases associated with it.

In gastric bypass surgery, a small pouch is created in the stomach. This small pouch is stapled and the small intestine’s upper portion is also attached to this small pouch. The middle section of the small intestine is attached to the rest of the stomach. Food will bypass the rest of the stomach and the rest of the small intestine. Te stomach will be in smaller size which would make it full faster. Less calories will be absorbed.

This procedure would require diet change. Since the digestive system is altered or shortened, every food intake would be valuable. Some common side effects brought by the surgery is nutritional deficiency like anemia and osteoporosis. This is why it is important for patients to follow a different diet and take mineral and vitamin supplements.

The special gastric bypass diet would make sure that weight loss will be maintained over time. It would normally involve high protein food. Foods high in protein would ensure that new tissues are being built and the wounds are healing properly. Ideal high protein foods will be low in fat like red meat, chicken or turkey without skin, fish, eggs and cottage cheese.

Sugar and fat is among the foods that are avoided. Gastric bypass diet would involve food low in sugar and fat. Sugary foods are high in calories and fat. Fat is difficult to digest. Consuming too much sugar could also result to the Dumping syndrome that has nausea, dizziness, vomiting, sweating, and diarrhea as symptoms. The body could also react the same way to too much fat. Foods with too much fat and sugar, anyway, do not have sufficient nutrients that would be essential to the body.

Foods high in fiber are also limited in gastric bypass diet. Fibers could block the stomach, small intestine and would require more gastric acid to digest it. A doctor’s approval is needed before ingesting any laxative or fiber pills.

This change is not done immediately. There are stages in a gastric bypass diet. Clear liquids would be the first stage. For the first two days, clear liquids like water, sugar-free juice, clear broth and no fizz soda are consumed in small amounts. Within the first two weeks, low-fat, high protein liquids are ingested. It is important to also take chewable multivitamins during this stage.

Doctors would determine when would be the suitable time for the patient to progress to soft or puree diet. Some would be able to eat after two weeks, while others would have to wait longer than that. Some people who are in this stage would sometimes resort to eating strained baby foods. While others would prefer eating soft foods like scrambled eggs, low-fat cheese, blenderized lean meats, etc.

Two months after the surgery, the patient could now start eating regular diet, starting with high-protein food. Food consumed should be in small amounts. Remember that the stomach is reduced in size. After the gastric bypass, the stomach could accommodate about an ounce of food. Eventually, it could stretch and hold about 4 to 8 ounces or a cup to half a cup of food.

One thing that people should be conscious of would be overeating. Gastric bypass surgery can make the stomach smaller, however this does not affect the overall attitude to eating. People could result to overeating because of genetics or emotions. Lifestyle change is important. Overeating could cause regaining the lost weight, expansion of the pouch, and in worst cases rupture of the stomach.

There are many support groups, education, and counselling available to help deal patients with these difficulties.

Difference Between Systems Analyst and Business Analyst

Many run into the problem of differentiating between a systems analyst and a business analyst. The differences in some organizations do not exist. In other companies, the comparison is almost an insult. Depending on the business or corporation, there are many differences. The job title is not the only thing with which to compare these two separate roles. The problem occurs when the title is not so conclusive. The business systems analyst or the systems business analyst can actually be one or the other or both. Job description is the only way to tell when this happens. There are differences, though.

A systems analyst is capable of looking at a program or utility and see the code. They can go in and pinpoint where changes need to be made. They can incorporate the new data into an existing program for benefiting the company. The systems analyst can collect data and transform it into usable code for a new project or program. They can recognize where problems may lie in the code itself. They can rewrite this code to alleviate the problem. Usually, the systems analyst can consult with other IT members in technical jargon foreign to the business stakeholders. The stakeholders are just grateful the job is being done.

The business analyst has a more complicated position. He or she must not only understand the way IT speaks but also how the stakeholders speak. The business analyst is more of a people person. He or she acts as a liaison between management and IT. A business analyst will be able to look at all aspects of the company and discover underlying causes for system failures. He or she may not be able to write the code to fix the issue. The business analyst can at least come up with the concept of what the code is supposed to do.

The business analyst can retrieve reports and data from IT and transform it into reports needed to develop a project plan or program. Further development and research may be needed from another department which the business analyst is capable of doing. This is not to say the systems analyst can not do the job. The systems analyst is more black and white when it comes to this. The true business analyst is more creative and more flexible.

The business analyst is one who can pull teams together to focus on the outcome of a project. He or she will be good at heading up meetings to present information in an easily understood language. The business analysis will be motivational, a driving force behind the project plan.

Both are essential for good business. The systems analyst may need the business analyst to determine what is needed for the code to work effectively. The business analyst needs the systems analyst to make the code work effectively. Working together, these two people can accomplish great things for the company. There are certain companies who have both needs met with one person or a team of people. It is all a matter of choice. Trying to decide between the two may cause more headache than just hiring two people, or one who is qualified, to get the task at hand done.

Type of Foods to Eat After Gastric Bypass Surgery

Rapid weight loss is possible, thanks to a surgical procedure called the gastric bypass. In essence, this weight loss surgery reduces the size of a part of the stomach and connects it to the small intestine. By doing so, it prevents overeating and helps gain satisfaction after eating small meals. After the surgery, the stomach volume becomes smaller and, as a result, can contain only 1 ounce of food (which stretches to 8 ounces over time).

Have you gone through weight loss surgery? Because of the changes in your digestive system, you need to follow a diet after the surgery. You also need to consult a registered dietician to know the foods you must eat, how to eat them, and how much to eat. Your post-surgery diet must be planned carefully to avoid sudden weight gain and other complications such as vomiting. Also, the right diet helps shorten the recovery period, ease pain on the surgical areas, and adjust your body to the changes in eating habits.

For the first two days after your surgery, eating is not allowed. Then after several months, you are required to eat certain foods that vary in softness and texture. Weight loss surgery patients follow a diet progression that begins with liquids and proceeds to pureed foods and soft foods. The first phase is the liquid diet consisting of water, milk, juice, broth, and soup. It is followed by three to four weeks of puree diet that includes foods with a texture of a thick liquid or a smooth paste.

Examples are yogurt (low fat or sugar free), oatmeal, pureed meat, and pureed fruits, among others. The third phase is an eight-week soft diet that consists of foods that are easy to chew such as fresh fruits, ground meats, and cooked vegetables. Afterwards, you can move on to the last phase, which is the solid diet. Just be sure to avoid overeating and skipping meals.

Usually, every meal should include foods rich in protein such as cheese, lean meat, and eggs. You need protein because it helps in repairing and maintaining the tissues in your body after the surgery.

After the surgery, it is recommended that you start with six small meals everyday. After a few weeks, move on to four meals a day and then reduce it to three meals a day once you have started following a regular solid diet.

The rate at which your body adjusts to the new diet and eating habits determines how fast you must proceed from one diet phase to another. Most patients begin eating solid foods three months after the surgery, but for some, it can happen sooner.

When complemented with regular exercise, following the right diet leads to a 50 to 60 percent weight loss two years after the surgery. What’s more, you enjoy the weight loss benefits of the surgery for good of you consistently maintain the right diet.

Of course, there’s a price to pay for not following the doctor’s or dietician’s recommendations on diet and exercise. Weight gain is the usual result of bad health practices such as lack of exercise, overeating, and high-calorie food and beverage intake. If it happens to you, visit your doctor to discuss the possible solutions. That way, you will be able to get the most out of gastric bypass surgery.

Introduction To Forex Trading

If you are just starting out in the stock trading business or if you are already in it, you may have heard the term Forex trading quite a few times, but you probably might not have a clue on what it may actually mean.

Forex or foreign exchange trading is actually the largest and a fast-rising financial industry in stock trading these days. Here is a quick introduction to trading in foreign exchange.

What Is Forex Trading?

The Foreign Exchange market (Forex) is actually the largest financial market in the world. It actually makes a volume of over 2 trillion U.S. dollars a day, and as compared to its counterpart –the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) which usually only trades a volume of 25 billion dollars each day, this industry is so huge that it becomes a profitable playground for many investors including central banks, large banks, multinational companies and even governments.

What is actually traded on the foreign exchange is money. It actually consists of the concurrent buying and selling of currencies, which are traded through brokers and are traded in pairs.

When you are buying currency, it is like you are investing on the economy of a particular country. For example, if you buy U.S. dollars then it is as if you are buying a share of the U.S. economy. Whatever the market thinks about the current health of a country’s economy would directly be reflected on the price of its legal tender and this is how currencies go up or down.

Forex Trading For The Masses

Originally the whole concept of trading in the Foreign Exchange was only intended for huge companies and banks, but not for normal citizens. After all, you could only take part in the trade if you have around ten to fifty million dollars minimum.

However, with the rise of globalization through the Internet, trading is now offered to retail traders. And these days, almost anyone can now invest on the foreign trade. All you really need to join is some small amount of money, a computer and a high-speed Internet connection, and you can sign up for an account with online Forex trading firms.

There is no exact physical office for Foreign Exchange unlike its counterpart in New York. However, the three main centers for this trade are United States, United Kingdom and Japan. These countries handle majority of Forex transactions and trades goes on for 24 hours everyday.

Today, the Foreign Exchange, as the largest market in the world, is fast paced and enormous. And it has become a very lucrative arena for many traders who may have had participated in stock trading and in other markets. Many large institutions and even smaller-based individuals have gone out to play in this market.

Although this particular market gives huge promises, remember that there is still too much at stake. It is estimated that around 70 to 90 percent of the Foreign Exchange market is still speculative. And the parties that trade currencies may not always have a plan to actually take delivery of the said currency, and more are still speculating on movement of money.

If you are interested in investing in this particular arena, take time to be familiar with the game and make sure you get the right educational background. Taking the extra mile will all be worth it, and once you have tasted your success in this arena, you will be ready to take on anything in trading.

Defining a Project Scope

The project scope is the core of an individual project. Without a project scope the project will just float. Proper needs assessments and other intricate details will be overlooked. Each project is designed to resolve issues the stakeholders are experiencing in their company. These well meaning individuals will dump data and information charts, lists and figures presumptuously on the desk expecting it to all make sense. The “here’s the problem, fix it” attitude can be frustrating. There are numerous feature requirements which must be met. It is unclear as to what to prioritize where. Cost estimates may not be accurate. Delivery dates are tentative. It is enough to make someone through up their hands in desperation and say “I QUIT!”. The trained business analyst will just grin and dive in. He or she will know what is needed is a project scope.

The project scope is the outline of the project. The project scope is considered the itinerary of an individual project program. The project scope is the step by step guide to determine who, what, why, when, and where. It will be able to define to the stakeholders what they want to have done. It will be able to list who will be doing which job. The project scope will list why each step is critical to success of the project. It will also address the time frame as to when the project should be completed.

The project scope will detail for the stakeholders outside resources being utilized for completion of individual tasks. Each development team will be able to view the project scope and see what is required of them. The project scope will also detail needs assessment and cost estimates.

Each project scope will be able to address technical constraints the stakeholders may or may not be aware of. Within the project scope a detailed report of end user requests will also be added. This will allow the stakeholders to understand why certain aspects of the project program are different than anticipated.

The project scope is an itinerary listing short term and long term expectations. Short term goals will be listed allowing the stakeholders to check each milestone. The project scope will also include a prioritized listing of essential requirements or features needed for short term and long term success of the project program.

One of the most critical reports in the project scope is the vision statement. The vision statement will define in clear and concise wording the project scope. The vision statement will allow the stakeholders to understand the problem and the solution needed. The vision statement will state the user needs in clear terms. The program features will be outlined in the vision statement.

The project scope is the “do to” list of the program. A sort of brainstorming, or in some cases, model storming which allows all parties involved to be able to follow along. Each department along with the stakeholders will be able to refer to the project scope throughout the completion of the project. Without the project scope the project has no start or end point. The project will most likely fail.

Top 10 Tips for Success after Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric bypass surgery is a weight loss procedure that results in major changes not only in the body, but also in one’s lifestyle. To be able to adapt well to those changes, a patient needs to bear in mind these guidelines that ensure success after the surgery. Success means maintaining a healthy weight and preventing the possibility of regaining weight.

  1. Avoid foods that are not nutritious. The culprits for weight gain are foods and liquids that are rich in calories, fat, and sugar. These include soda, milk shakes, alcohol, and sugar-rich desserts. These foods do not provide nutrients; instead, they cause hunger pangs and vomiting. Avoid them so that you do not out your weight loss effort to waste. Make sure that your diet is rich in protein, and include lots of fruits and vegetables.

  2. Avoid foods that cause discomfort. Sticky, dry, and fibrous foods such as pasta, rice, bread, and meat are usually a no-no for bypass surgery patients. Soda is also not allowed because it causes bloating, gas pain, and even pressure in the stomach.

  3. Avoid snacking between meals. This will only hurt your chances of keeping a healthy weight.

  4. Avoid drinking liquids immediately before, during, or after meals. Filling your stomach with liquids instead of foods will deprive you of your much-needed nutrients for healing and recovery. Be sure to drink fluids at least 30 minutes before and after your meals. And of course, avoid drinking fluids while eating meals.

  5. Refrain from drinking alcoholic and caffeinated drinks. Alcohol does more harm than good for people who have gone through weight loss surgery. Devoid of calories, alcohol can cause stomach ulcers. Caffeine have the same effect, aside from working against hydration in the body.

  6. Contact your surgeon if problems arise. If you experience one or more of the following problems, call your surgeon immediately: extreme pain in the legs, shortness or difficulty of breathing, fever, bleeding of the incisions, and dark stools.

  7. Maintain your follow-up visits after the surgery. This will make it easier for you and your surgeon to monitor and assess your progress. Also, this will result in early detection of problems such as surgical complications and nutritional deficiencies.

  8. Keep yourself from getting pregnant for two years following surgery. Because your body is undergoing weight months after the surgery, it may not be able to support a baby. This will be unhealthy for both of you and the fetus. Ask your surgeon for advice in case you plan on getting pregnant.

  9. Join a support group. Coping with the aftermath of the surgery may be much easier if you do it with the help of other people. There are many support groups formed to provide emotional support and advice for people who have undergone weight loss surgery. Search for these groups on the Internet; for sure, you can find one within or near your locality.

  10. Find ways to cope with stress. Stress usually leads to comfort eating, which is not good for people who have had weight loss surgery. Listen to your favorite music, read books, meet up with friends, and do whatever you can to effectively deal with stress.

You will get the best results from gastric bypass surgery if you follow the guidelines mentioned above.

Customer Relations and the Business Analyst

In today’s market the customer should always come first. This has been the bread and butter of many industries throughout the ages. A satisfied customer is one who will keep coming back. The customer is the one who helps the bottom line. This is true in the field of business analysis. It is the customer’s needs which the business analyst is fulfilling. The business analyst should help to strengthen customer relations. Time put into this is time well spent. Finding the customer to be unhappy is never a good thing. Ask any good business manager what their number one priority is and they will answer customer relations. Sometimes it does not always show.

Many of today’s corporations utilize a big part of their budget on improvements in operations. The target is the bottom line. What they fail to realize is this can and will drive customers away. Targeting the needs of the customer is first and foremost in any business. The same holds true with business analysts.

When going in to trouble shoot a system, the business analyst becomes a production manager. If he or she does not put the needs of the customer first, the project will undoubtedly fail. Listening to the customer to determine what is needed and desired is the start of a good relationship. When the business analyst fails to listen the entire project could not only start on the wrong foot but end in disaster as well.

The business analyst must encourage feedback. He or she must understand just what the customer is wanting, even if they do not know themselves. The customer may know what he or she wants the project to accomplish. They may know how they want something to run. The customer just may not know how to say it. He or she may collect data imperative to the project program. It is the business analyst’s job to determine if the data is even relevant. He or she is the liaison in this relationship. He or she must have good customer relations skills. The business analyst must speak the customer’s language.

Putting the customer relationship first can be a daunting task at times. The bottom line is critical to success on any project. There are times the business analyst will be caught up in keeping cost down and compromise the relationship he or she has with the customer. The customer will be much happier if you go a little over budget and keep him or her happier in other areas of the project.

Sometimes it is easier to prepare reports and allocate spending to IT to accomplish a task than it is to spend time or money developing a plan for customer satisfaction. The price any company could pay for this is a high one. The business analyst is no different. Customer satisfaction means keeping them informed of progress. Speak in a language they understand. Consult with them when a roadblock is met or when a progress point is passed. Either way, keeping a constant rapport with the customer ensures a satisfied client. This can lead to repeat business. This helps the business to grow.

Improving Your Chances In Stock Trading

Trading in the stock exchange is not a simple matter. It can be very challenging and may require a lot of time, knowledge, skills, and patience. If you do not practice trading in a smart and strategic manner, you will surely end up losing more than what you have bargained for.

Here are some major things that you must do in order to improve your chances in successful stock trading. Let us discuss what these things are and how they can help you in smart trading.

Trade With Money That You Can Manage To Lose

Stock trading can be quite a gamble. Your chances of earning can just about equal to your chances of losing, and in some cases, there are even greater risks of losing more. Money that you will need for survival should never be used in trades.

Because most trading markets can be very unpredictable, make sure that you make use of money that you can afford to lose. It may be too risky to invest money that you will badly need for your daily living or for your future. Always take note of the risks involved and what you are particularly risking in the exchange.

Always Trade In Reasonable Sizes

Some markets in the exchange are able to allow individuals to trade very large amounts of leverage. And so, a lot of people trade in large quantities in order to assure larger profits. However, doing this may also open up the possibility of losing money in such large quantities as well.

It is always wiser to scale your trades in order to lessen risks. Never trade sizes that can wipe you out of all your money. And you would have nothing to lose if you actually start small, and grow your transactions from there.

Identify Market States Before Trading

It is also very vital that you are aware of how the market is doing before you start trading. Take time to find out if trends are going up or down. If the you know whether the market trends are weak or strong then it may become easier for you to make the right decisions in your transactions.

By getting a good picture of the situations in the market, you can easily lay down a plan for conducting a successful trade. Things would become easier for you to foresee what must be done when you have a good idea on what may happen. In this way, you may prevent making a lot of wrong choices.

Set A Time Frame For Trading

Even if the main goal of trading in the market is to merely make a lot of money, planning beforehand when you would like to get out of the game can save you from a lot of risks.

The trading industry is consistently moving, and through the transition of time, prices may evolve. Because of this, there can also be a growing exit price. Although it may be impossible to absolutely determine when you would exactly quit the market, it could be helpful if you at least place your trade in perspective and find out when you would best collect the exit price. Doing this contributes to liquidity in the movements of the market.

Anyone who will lead you to believe that it is easy and it is always a sure thing to make money in stock trading is being untruthful. Remember that this particular market, by nature, is a volatile and consistently moving industry. And so, you must be aware of the different trends as well as formulate a good and strong strategy to weather whatever obstacles may come.

In order to make a successful trade, you must take into account the technical as well as fundamental factors in order to make good and informed decisions. Make sure that you use your knowledge and skills in determining a strategic plan to go about your trades. Achieving success in this industry is not as easy as it may seem, but with a little hard work, you may just get great results.

Thinning Down: Do You Need A Gastric Bypass For It?

Obesity is an increasing problem in the world today. It can’t be avoided because of our current environment of fast food and sedentary lifestyles. So what can you do about your ever-expanding flab?There’s always the constant call for exercise and dieting – however, sometimes even that is not enough. This is when surgery comes in and a gastric bypass can be needed.

First of all, let’s talk about what exactly is a gastric bypass. Have you ever heard of a heart bypass? This is when surgeons stitch up you arteries to avoid the clogged vessels of the circulatory system around your heart. This is also what happens in a gastric bypass, although the operation involves your digestive system rather than your blood vessels. What the surgeons do is make your stomach smaller by making a pouch at the top of the stomach. This neatly halves your stomach capacity. Then, the surgeons would connect your small intestine to this pouch, skipping a part of it. These two changes contribute to increased weight loss by lower food capacity and lesser calorie absorption over all. Weight loss would accelerate over a three to six-month period, until your body manages to adapt to the lower energy intake.

The question that most doctors ask before they have someone undergo all of this is very simple: do you really need it? Most doctors advise patients seeking a gastric bypass to exhaust all other forms of weight-loss options before doing this operation. It may be the safest option but it is still major surgery on a sensitive part of your body. These is still a chance for complications to set in both during and after the operation. Doctors also screen any patient wanting to have a gastric bypass – you may not have a gastric bypass if you have not been obese for more than five years, are alcoholic, experiencing a psychiatric disorder and you have to be between 18 to 65 years of age.

If the patient has exhausted all other options and is eligible for a bypass then the doctor outlines exactly what happens after the bypass is done. After the surgery, the patient will stay in observation for the next three days to check for complications. He won’t be eating anything solid for awhile to let the pouch in his stomach heal. After discharge, he will also be under a rigid, progressive diet that would take him from liquid foods to solid foods in twelve weeks. The patient will also be experiencing the effects of lower energy intake: headaches and bodyaches, along with lower energy levels.

He will also have to take vitamin supplements since the part of the small intestine that is being skipped by the bypass is predominantly in charge of getting the appropriate vitamins and minerals from the food – not all, of course, but a significant portion of the recommended daily allowance. The long-term effects are also there. A lower stomach capacity means you may vomit or feel abdominal pains if you eat too much or too fast.

It sounds extreme, but still, a lot of gastric bypasses are done each year – it’s up to you to decide whether it is worth the risk.

Business Analyst Job Description

The job description of a business analyst is rather extensive. He or she must first determine the needs for a company by using many tools. The business analyst may conduct interviews with management and other department leaders. He or she must analyze documentation, facts and figures. The analyst should incorporate a site survey to determine applications being used and what may be needed for superior quality performance. He or she will consider business applications currently being used which may or may not be working. The business analyst will do a business analysis and a work flow analysis to assess difficulties in reaching goals and to determine a better strategy.

A qualified business analyst will be able to ascertain the true needs to be met by the project. He or she will be able to transfer information from management into needed data. Statistics from other sources will be assessed and turned into usable information. The business analyst will be able to compile a report in an easily understood projected vision to be implemented.

The job description of a business analyst does not always but should include excellent communication skills. He or she needs to be able to address a diverse group of inside and outside personnel. He or she should be able to motivate the departments to challenge themselves and reach their goals. The business analyst will be required to relay information from the IT team or department to the clients in easily understood terms for both groups.

The business analyst should have past experience to draw from when processing data and information. He or she will possess knowledge used in case studies and transfer it into usable information. Prior situations should be able to be compared to avoid counterproductive actions.

The business analyst will be able to draw from known resources when outsourcing or external interactions are needed. He or she will be able to incorporate joint venture relations into the project scope when it is necessary. Determining this critical point is instrumental in the job of a business analyst.

Acting as a liaison between clients and development departments, the business analyst shall distinguish requests from needs. He or she will assess the proposed project plan to ensure all needs are met. The verifiable solution shall be one which guarantees success.

A statement of purpose will be proposed by the business analyst to ensure the end results are satisfactory to all involved. There will be a project goal integrating all data collected. Documentation will be provided by the business analyst to determine which aspects of the project will be handled by outside sources. These sources shall be listed with critical attention being paid to the specific task of each organization.

The business analyst will have a good understanding of what is expected. There are many aspects of the project proposal. He or she will involve themselves with each unit to instill continence and still maintain productive action. The professional analyst will be able to focus on each department independently and maintain a broad vision of the project scope. These are the duties of a business analyst.

Getting Smart On Day Trading

Day trading is a very controversial endeavor to take on in the stock market industry these days. Many people end up losing so much of their finances through this high-risks trade. And the most common mistake why these people garner such bad results is because they often do not think of the risks involved and only concentrate on making easy money.

What anyone must be familiar with in order to survive this high-stakes industry are the things to look out for. Here are a few things that you need to know about day trading that could help you in making the right decisions about your investments.

You May Lose A Lot Of Money

The very first thing that you need to know about day trading is that you must be prepared to suffer from substantial financial losses. And take in mind that this is not a rare thing to happen among day traders, in fact, a lot of these people, do not even get the chance to earn profit at all.

Therefore if you have limited resources and a have very little experience in making investments or trades, then day trading is certainly not advisable for you. Make sure that you never gamble with money that you cannot afford to lose, such as your budget for daily expenses, mortgages, retirements and so on.

Watch Out For Claims Of Large Profits

One of the main reasons why a lot of people also get scammed in relation to day trading is because of their gullibility towards catchy promises that offer them large profits –most commonly from the Internet. Be wary of any advertisements or claims that try to convince you on how this certain trade can potentially make your rich in a short amount of time.

Also take in mind that most large and successful companies did not make it to the top by taking shortcuts. Most of those who have earned big money through the stock exchange have actually taken more traditional routes in their tactics.

You Need To Be Knowledgeable

Not only does day trading require you to be a wise decision-maker, but most importantly, it also requires you to have a good background on security markets and trading strategies.

To be able to become successful in this endeavor, you have to compete with professional and licensed traders who might have been doing this for a very long time already. Make sure that you invest on your own experience before you attempt on playing this risky game.

You Need To Check With Your State Securities Regulator

If you really are decided on taking part in day trading, one of the most important precautions that you can at least take is to check with your state securities regulator about day trading firms. After all, just like any broker-dealers, such firms must be legally registered with the SEC in order to do business.

At least, through this way, you would be able to determine that the parties you are doing business with are actually legitimate and mostly likely would not scam you.

In conclusion, day trading is a very exploratory strategy. And so, anyone who may not have enough experience and knowledge about the stocks game should not try to gamble without properly preparing him or herself.

This strategy should only be employed by individuals who are sophisticated, well financed and experienced enough to manage complications and bear risks in case the worst-case scenario. And so, if you are thinking about betting on the day trade, make sure that you prepare yourself to be smart in your decisions.

The Benefits Of Gastric Bypass

Gastric surgery is one of the most common weight-loss surgeries, in the United States alone about 140,000 procedures are conducted yearly. There are people who have undergone surgery would report about 60% of improvement in their body weight. There are others, who would report as much as 80% of weight loss.

The effects of the surgery would be most felt after a year, where most patients would report to be at their lowest weight. However, there could still be tendencies that the lost weight may be regained especially if the dietary and exercise recommendations are not followed. After all, reducing your food intake is not the only way to lose weight and maintain it.

Gastric bypass is a procedure done to address issues of severe obesity. There are associated conditions with obesity like diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, obstructive sleep apnea and the gastroesophageal reflux disease. There are about 80% of patients with hypertension will be off medication significant time after the surgery. The same goes for 90% of diabetic patients who will not be dependent on insulin.

It could even reduce the patient’s risk of having heart disease and cancer. Because of the weight loss, gastric bypass surgery could help a person improve mobility and flexibility. Gastric bypass surgery could lessen asthma attacks and reducing dependence to medication or inhaler. Arthritis, fatigue, joint pain and shortness of breath due to physical movements are also reduced by weight loss brought by surgery.

Being extremely overweight could have significant effect on the bladder and other organs of the body. They get too much pressure increasing stress incontinence. It could also cause hormonal problems which could lead to infertility. There are studies showing that after undergoing the bypass, 90% of infertility is restored.

Because of the weight-loss, there are patients who claimed that they increased their confidence and well-being is improved. There are studies showing that those who have undergone surgery would usually experience depression and anxiety. Counselling and support would help the individual to recover and the psychological effects could be lessened or could disappear.

The National Institute of Health, said that patients who have undergone bypass showed “dramatic and sustained” improvements in how they live their lives. They were able to go beyond the results of weight loss and improve their over-all life. They have higher self- esteem and higher energy levels after the surgery.

For example, gastric bypass surgeries that have been performed to obese teens were able to improve the quality of life within six months, some studies say. Aside from weight loss, their health improves and starts to become appropriate for their age. They were also able to socialize better and deal with peer pressure.

However, it is important to understand that aside from the numerous benefits you can get from gastric bypass surgeries, there are also risks just like any other medical intervention or surgery. Morbidly obese patients have higher risks in surgeries compared with those who are not morbidly obese. It is important to weigh our options before we proceed to any procedure.

Finding The Right Online Stock Broker

The online stock market is a good moneymaking playground to join these days, but often times it may seem all too chaotic and confusing, especially to those who are new to it. With too many options to consider, making decisions in stock trading in this arena can be a challenge, and finding a good online broker to help you make the right choices can just be as difficult.

In choosing an online stock broker, be sure to consider a few of these very important factors that may help you determine whether a broker can truly help you achieve success in trading.


Take note that all brokers charge fees for commissions, which are the costs to trade by buying and selling stocks. You can be charged with a commission fee twice –first when you buy a stock and second when you sell that same stock.

Aside from the commission fee, you will also be charged with a minimum initial deposit, and this can range from $500 to around $10,000. But if the balance in your account is less than the minimum, then your broker may charge a monthly or quarterly fee that may range from around $10 to $20 or higher per payment

Make sure that in choosing a broker, you should first consider that you could actually afford fees that will be charged to you.


Every online broker has a set of tools and features that will be integrated in your trading account. Some trading accounts may even offer you additional features, but sometimes, these may cost you extra. Find a broker that offers you features that you believe will benefit your trading transactions, as well as your budget.

An application called the streamer, which includes tools for streaming charts, and streaming data should usually be included in your account. This allows you to see behaviors in the stock market, such as the latest real time prices.

There are even streamers that can simply the process by directly allowing you to buy and sell stocks without having to open other websites. Such features can be very helpful in making trades.


It also wouldn’t hurt if you choose an online broker that is more popular and known. In this way, you would be able to review their performance in the market through checking out reviews and hearing what other people have to say.

There is a huge chance that when a broker has achieved popularity, that it performs quite well in the market. Aside from this, popularity may also indicate experience in trading. Of course, you would certainly prefer to get help from a trader that has sufficient knowledge and experience in the industry. Through this, you would at least be assured that you are getting good help in making trades.

Remember to first and foremost consider your needs as a trader and whether or not the broker you are eyeing-on will be able to meet these needs. Financial factors, services, knowledge and experience in the online trading market are very vital for you to garner success in this arena.

Choosing a stockbroker for online trading may certainly be difficult and even overwhelming at times. But as long as you take in mind the important factors mentioned above, then you just might be able to find the right broker that can be of valuable help to you.

Business Analyst in Web Design

Web design can be confusing to anyone. The programming needed seems to be a never ending cycle of code, application, and algorithms. Trying to determine what numbers plug into which schematic might be a bit confusing to anyone with out technical training. The business analyst can assist with the web design of a large company right down to the mom and pop corner store. Web design has become a need which must be addressed by almost every industry. There are so many people today who rely on information technology to research everything from apples to zoological studies and everything in between. The business analyst can assist with implementing the strategy necessary for a profitable web design.

Acting as the liaison between the stakeholder and the IT (Information Technology) department, the business analyst can speak to both. He or she is knowledgeable with technology which can benefit the stakeholders. The business analyst can also explain to the IT department what is needed for the stakeholders to be happy. This is his or her job.

The business analyst will be able to listen to the stakeholders to determine the needs of the business. He or she may ask pertinent questions as to the web design in question. He or she will make suggestions to the stakeholder to explain new or existing technology that may be utilized. The stakeholder may not be familiar with options available to the company.

Acting as the spokesman for all departments, the business analyst will be able to take ideas offered by the stakeholders and transform them into usable information for the IT department. He or she will be able to come up with a workable solution for each key point needed by the stakeholder. The business analyst will also be able to formulate a definitive plan of action or a project program to lay out the ground work necessary for the web design to actually perform according to plan.

There may be information the business analyst must gather from the end user to determine if the needs assessment performed by the stakeholders is viable. In some cases it is not usable information or may be off the target scope. The end user will know better what will make the web design complete. The options available for the end user may be overlooked by the stakeholders. The business analyst will be able to ascertain from surveys and site inspections what is needed to satisfy all parties involved.

Web design will be a team effort developed by many departments. It is up to the business analyst to choose these teams so the best of the best is available. He or she will be able to motivate the individual teams to act as a unit for the betterment of the project. The departments will work alone and together to complete the project in a timely manner.

Using a business analyst to develop a project program for web design is a smart business decision. He or she may have code experience which will help in analyzing the problems which may come up. The business analyst will be able to decipher the facts and figures to better explain to the IT department what is useless code and what is viable. The shrew business stakeholders will benefit from hiring a business analyst when the idea of web design presents it’s self.

Slimming Down Shortcut: Getting A Gastric Bypass

It’s been quite noticeable in some celebrities: the sudden weight loss and return to a svelte figure is often touted to the result of liposuction or a lot of dedication in the gym. But there are some celebrities that have gone that extra mile and had a gastric bypass. That may sound like some sort of heavy surgical procedure but it’s actually one of the more easy to handle weight-loss surgeries.

Getting a gastric bypass is a pretty simple process – you just have to go to your local hospital and consult with a surgeon. They obviously won’t just let you have one willy-nilly, of course, there are several guidelines that limit the administering of a gastric bypass procedure to someone. The main things that restrict any prospective recepient of the procedure are the following: the patient must have been obese for more than five years, the patient must also not have a history of alcoholism and psychological disorders.

Finally, the person should not be younger than eighteen years old and no older than sixty-five years old. If you fit all of these categories, you’ll also be judged if you have exhausted all other weight-loss measures for yourself. This is because it may be one of the safer surgeries that can be done, a gastric bypass is still a major operation and cannot be taken lightly.

If you do pass all of these tests, then you’ll be up for the procedure. Here’s a simple explanation of it: it is essentially, having your stomach capacity lessened and making your digestive tract skip a part of your small intestine. To go into the nitty-gritty of it, the procedure creates a small pouch in the upper part of your stomach, usually via surgical staples or a plastic band. This stomach pouch is usually small – it can get to the size a walnut for some procedures. After this pouch is created, the middle of your small intestine, the jejunum, is connected to it. This means your food will skip the main part of your stomach and your duodenum, the upper portion of your small intestine. The result is lower stomach capacity and a lower calorie intake. You will be able to satisfy your appetite more quickly and have less calories inside your system, creating a consistent and quick weight loss for you until your body has adapted to it.

It may sound easy but still it’s a long road after a gastric bypass. After the four-hour operation you will be under observation for the next few days, while being limited to liquids only so that your stomach can heal. After five days you can be released from the hospital but your ordeal won’t end there. For the next twelve weeks, you will be following a diet that will slowly progress you from liquids to solids, getting you new stomach used to the strain.

Even then, you will have to deal with some of the side-effects your whole life – lower energy intake can be detrimental to your health, while over-eating can cause you to vomit or feel great pain, so a gastric bypass should be a last resort for anyone who’s suffering from obesity.

Familiarizing Commonly Used Stock Market Terminologies

The stock market is a great arena for people to make a lot of money, however, for many beginners, all the hustle and bustle of stock trading may cause a lot of confusion, especially if you are not familiar with the many terms and tactics used for negotiations.

If you are a beginner in the stocks game, make sure that you familiarize and educate yourself well on stock trading knowledge. You can of course, start off by widening your vocabulary. Here are a few terms that you may need to familiarize:


Stocks are probably the most important and common items traded in the stock market. These are actually shares of certain companies, which are publicly sold and traded.

Whenever people buy a portion of stock in a particular company, this means that they acquire a share of ownership and investing in that specific business. Through this, a stockholder is given certain rights towards the company such as a vote in stockholder meetings as well as his or her financial share from the company’s earnings.


A stockbroker is the person who handles the actual trading of stocks. He or she does the negotiations to buy and sell the stocks in behalf of the investors and the companies involved. The many various types of brokers may include full-service, online, auto-trade and discount brokers.

Bull Market

A bull market is a market that manifests a continuous increase in the value of its stocks as well as a steady growth. Generally, with this type of market, investors gain an optimistic attitude and may want to buy more rather than sell stocks.

Bear Market

Bear markets mainly characterize significant losses and declines in a particular market. With this type of behavior among stocks, most investors would generally want to sell more of their stocks and may be pessimistic about investing.


Dividends are added or bonus payments given to stockholders after a profitable quarter. With this sum of money, many people may often reinvest on more shares of stock, which allows individuals to earn so much.


Futures, just like stocks, are also traded in the market. However, these are purchased against future costs of commodities. You can earn from these, if in time, the actual price of commodities become higher than what you paid for the futures. On the other hand, you can also lose money if the price becomes lower that what you paid for.

Day Trader

A day trader is the person who buys and sells stocks aggressively in one day. Usually, he or she does this for several times each day in order to make quite a few small profits within the day.

Trading on Margin

Trading on margin may be similar to trading stocks with the use of borrowed money. Through this, you can purchase shares of stock for only a portion of the actual price. The remainder of the cost can be paid upon the actual sale of the particular stock, or on a later date.

These terms are only a few of the most commonly used language in stock trading. And upon encountering them, you may certainly have the impression of how intimidating the stock market can get. With the many complicated terminologies and tactics, you may easily get backtracked if you do not know enough about what you are dealing with.

Remember that if you are new at doing business in this arena, make sure that you take the extra mile to learn more about more terms as well as strategies on how you can best maximize profit. A little hard work will certainly get you far, and one of these days you will realize how all of this can pay off.

Losing Weight The Easy Way: A Gastric Bypass

Getting a gastric bypass seems to have become somewhat of a choice these days. Nowadays, there’s an increasing desire for that perfect body. Images of slim, toned bodies bombard us daily on every media outlet. The thing is, having that perfect body won’t just help you catch the eyes of everyone but also help out your health big-time. Obesity is more than just being overweight – it has incredible detrimental effects on your life and weight problems can cause your body trouble down the line. Some of the diseases associated with obesity are: diabetes, hypertension, migraines, and a dozen other liver and heart diseases.

There are a lot of ways to shed all of those unwanted pounds: dieting and exercise are probably two of the simplest and easisest ways to do so. Those two choices only require an investment of some time and discipline to get you to a fighting trim. Unfortunately, sometimes people don’t have the time to do so, or are suffering from conditions that make exercise or dieting a bit of a no-no or, at worst, make these approaches totally ineffectual. So, if you’ve been failed by these options, what are the choices that you have left? Well, there’s surgery.

When we think of weight-loss surgery, we usually think of liposuctions. That would be a complete misrepresentation of the process. Weight-loss surgery is a lot different from weight-reduction surgery, which is what liposuction is – liposuction is actually not even actual surgery. Operations or procedures that reduce weight do only a temporary reduction of your body weight – while weight-loss surgery aims to make changes in your body that would make weight loss a possibility and something that can be maintained. A gastric bypass can do this, as long as it is combined with behavioral changes.

What exactly happens during a gastric bypass? Well, in simple terms, a doctor finds a way for your stomach to be made smaller. The complicated explanation is that a doctor creates a small pouch for you near the opening of your stomach and connects that pouch directly to your small intestine – essentially making your food skip over a large part of your stomach and small intestine. This makes it so that you don’t absorb that much calories from your food, and it also makes your stomach hold a lot less food. Less calories and smaller intakes are what essentially drives you to lose weight after a gastric bypass. After the procedure, you’ll be in the hospital for three to five days, though there are some variations of the procedure that make that already short stay, even shorter.

Sounds all right doesn’t it? However, like all surgeries, it is still a major surgical operation that can affect the way you live. It should not be understaken unless it has been fully considered. You won’t be eating anything for three days after the surgery and you’ll be on a strict diet afterwards – eating too much will literally hurt you. Your body adjusting to the lower energy intake also takes its toll.

A gastric bypass is not a miracle cure-all but it can help a lot. So think long and hard before you do it.

Business Analyst for the Small Business

Small business owners may not think they need a business analyst. Small businesses are sometimes caught up in trying to survive and overlook a key element in their success. The business analyst can actually come in and determine what the small business owner can do to expand his or her business. The small business owner can benefit just as much from a business analyst as a large corporation. There may be times when the business analyst sees the big picture when the small business owner can only see the bottom line. The new small business may not feel the added expense of a business analyst is worth justifying. In fact this is just the case.

The small business can benefit from the business analyst in many ways. The business analyst may be able to offer an unforeseen income generating avenue. Advertising techniques the small business is using may be proving fruitless. The business analyst may be able to implement bluetooth advertising. The small business could target specific clients instead of a general population with his or her advertising dollar. The business analyst may be able to suggest point of sale income not thought of by the small business owner. Other elements the business analyst could suggest would be repackaging in different sizes, where appropriate. Offering complimenting sales items may have not occurred to the small business owner. The business analyst is there to show a different perspective.

The business analyst will be able to assess the small business and determine what business decisions should be made. He or she can instruct the small business owner of new programs available. The business analyst will be able to offer advice as to new technology the small business owner is not taking advantage of. The small business is able to be aided in several ways by the business analyst.

The business analyst is a visionary. He or she can show the small business how to implement innovative business techniques. These techniques may have never been before thought of by the small business owner. The business analyst can view the broad scope of things to determine a need by the customer. The small business owner may have no idea these areas of opportunity exist. It is up to the business analyst to show the small business what will work and what will not work for the business.

Building profits and customer relations are the two key components that make up what the small business is focused upon. A good business analyst will be able to integrate these key elements into a plan of action for the small business. The business analyst can act as the liaison between the small business and the customer to determine if the needs of the customer are being met. A report can then be generated to determine how the small business can use this information.

The small business and it’s customers can benefit from the knowledge a business analyst brings to the table. The added expense of a business analyst can significantly raise the profits of a small business. It is worth researching whether a business analyst will be able to use his or her skills when it comes to a small business.

Factors That Influence Forex Market Trends

The Foreign Exchange or Forex is the largest market today for stock trading, and it is continually growing with more and more people investing in it. However, as promising as this market may be when it comes to profit, like any other trade it can be very volatile as well.

It is therefore important to be familiar with certain factors that influence trends in the Forex market if you are decided in joining this arena. After all, acquainting yourself with the many scenarios that can cause currencies to go up or down can help you a lot in making decisions for when to buy or sell.

There are basically three major factors that affect the Foreign Exchange –a country’s economy, political conditions and market psychology.


Economic factors are the most basic things that create changes in a country’s currency. When such economic conditions as a budget deficit or surplus is present within a country, there will surely be reactions in the market and values will be reflected on currencies. Other conditions may also include inflation trends, and the general economic growth of the country.

The more prosperous a country’s economy is, the more investors will be able to adhere to doing trade in a more positive attitude. Such indicators as a growth in a nation’s gross domestic product (GDP), employment levels and retail sales among others will basically attract more investors and that nation’s currency value will likely go up.

Political Conditions

Another very important factor that influence trends in Forex, are the conditions of a country’s political sector. This is because political instability or turmoil can generally create negative fluctuations to an economy. But if such instances occur wherein a country may rise above political obstacles, the opposite may occur and the economy may improve.

Events in a region can surely create negative or positive interest among investors for a nation’s currency. And so, such conditions surely influence the trends for demands and prices of a certain currency.

Market Psychology

Of course, the perception of traders and investors will greatly influence the Foreign Exchange market in so many ways. After all, the market is highly dependent on whether or not people would want to invest on a country’s economy in order to determine whether currency prices will go up or down.

For example, such conditions wherein unsettling international events may happen, then under the “flight of quality” rule, people would generally want to look for a safe haven for their investments. Whenever there is a greater demand for a certain country’s economy, then a higher price will be given to buyers and the currency’s value will go up and become stronger.

Other events that contribute to traders’ perceptions may be long-term trends where people invest based on what they have seen for a long period and time, and even economic numbers where people may base their investments depending on what numbers show a greater value.

The market in Foreign Exchange is often unpredictable and fluctuating. Therefore if you are interested in doing trades in this market, make sure that you take the time to be knowledgeable about good strategies that can help you play the game.

But more importantly, keep in updating yourself with the different economic trends in the international scene. After all, this currency market would greatly revolve upon events that would occur in the different countries. Familiarizing yourself with the factors that affect the Forex will surely help you make better decisions.

Comparing The Two Types Of Investments

There are two major types of investments done in the stock-trading arena these days –short-term investments and long-term investments. If you find yourself overwhelmed and confused in choosing which type would be best, simply take note of the differences between these two varieties and consider the advantages and disadvantages of each to be guided in making the right decisions.

Basically, the major difference between the two investments is the fact that short-term plans are actually designed to show a substantial yield in a short time period. While long-term investments, on the other hand, are designed to last for quite a few years and present a slow yet progressive increase in its yield.

Let us discover more about the differences when it comes to the disadvantages and advantages of each type of investment.

Short-Term Investments

The major advantages of investing for a short-term plan are the potentials for growth at a very fast period of time, ranging from a few weeks to a few months. Although there may be fluctuating trends that could affect the market, short-term loans can still allow you more control over your money and you it is more likely that you can keep a more watchful eye on your investment.

However, this type of investment may be a bit riskier due to the fluctuations present in such a volatile stock market, as mentioned above. As compared to its long-term counterpart, this type of investment may much easily be affected by unpredictable circumstances because it is in a shorter period of time. And so, even if there is a very huge chance that you can make a lot of money in this type of investment, there are also great chances that you can lose a lot.

Long-Term Investments

For long-term investment plans on the other hand, there is a greater ability for this type of investment to gain small and distributed profits over a longer time frame. And because it has a slow-but-steady pace, it becomes more stable and involves fewer risks.

But of course, a disadvantage for the slow growth of your investments may indicate that you cannot expect to earn profit right away especially when you are badly in need of money. In addition, you may also have less control over your money because your investment would not mature right away.

Also take note that because investments may require a lot of fees to be paid as it progresses and due to occurring fluctuations in the market, most long-term investments may experience down time before they can actually climb up and become productive.

In choosing between these two major types of investments, the most important thing you have to consider in order to gauge which plan would become more beneficial to you is to contemplate on your reasons for investing.

If you invested in stocks with the ultimate goal to earn money fast then surely a short-term plan would suit you. But on the other hand, if you want to invest for future and insurance purposes like in cases wherein you want to have money when you grow old, then a long-term plan for investing is best.

Whatever your decision may be, always remember that there are advantages and disadvantage in all kinds of investments. And ultimately, to become successful in your endeavor, you must be willing to take on minimal risks and make smart decisions in order to manage your trades.

Being Flexible as a Business Analyst

Sometimes the business analyst can be so caught up in a project he or she forgets tried and true methods do not always work. The analysis team is trying to get done what the customer has scoped out and sets up a plan of action. The plan of action requires certain fundamentals. There are times when these rudimentary ideas just do not work for the client. The client can not understand why these steps may be so important. This is when the business analyst needs to step back and ask the same questions as the client. It is all in communication.

The professional business analyst must understand success of the project is not only about requirements documentations it is about how those requirements are handled. The business analyst is the acting liaison between the client and IT. The documentation may be required for the IT team to do their job. Certain explanations may be necessary for everyone to understand what is needed. Yet the client may not understand the documentation or have no need for it to begin with. Communication skills are what is required.

The business analyst may get further and move faster with just a simple meeting to explain the methods and procedures being used. The client can ask questions and the business analyst can explain. The case studies and other documentation would not in any way assure the client of progress. There are those who need to hear it because to them it may look good on paper, but how is it supposed to work? A good business analyst can explain the intricacies of what is taking place. The client can sign off. The work can continue. The goal is being met.

This is where the business analyst must be flexible. Just because he or she has done this a thousand times with other clients does not mean this client is like the other thousand. The job of the business analyst is to determine what the client wants. Paperwork may be a burden to the client. The business analyst should comprehend how information is delivered. He or she must be flexible enough to deliver what the customer is requesting. The business analyst must ensure the client is comfortable with how information is delivered. Not the other way around.

There will be times the business analyst must learn to be flexible when it comes to dealing with information. Not everyone can do the job of a business analyst. This is why he or she was hired in the first place. However, there may be no documentation for certain things the analyst is normally made privy to. The business analyst must be flexible in knowing how to work around this barrier. He or she must know how to gather the information needed to perform the task. Flexibility comes in handy at this point. The business analyst may have to do what he or she can at present and wait for statistics to be gathered. Instead of getting a concise written report from the team, the analyst may have to interview each member to gather what he or she needs.

The key is to work within the boundaries of the client. Do what the client feels comfortable with. The business analyst may not be as comfortable. Being flexible in any situation will do away with this unease. The task at hand can be accomplished.

Is Gastric Surgery For Your Obese Teen?

Obesity is worldwide problem. There are millions worldwide who are suffering from this disease. In the United States, there are about 12.5 million children and adolescents who are overweight. Children are also suffering from the diseases associated with obesity and disease traditionally seen only in older people, like diabetes and heart disease. Because of these health problems, they are looking for weight-loss options and gastric bypass surgery is one of them.

Gastric bypass surgery is not the popular among the young population though. About 1% of those who undergo the procedure are teens according to the survey reported in Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine in March 2017. There is a relative increase on the number of teens undergoing the procedure, but still remains unpopular or uncommon.

Sadly, obese children think that they are living a kind of life like those who have cancer and undergoing chemotherapy, according to the survey done by the Journal of the American Medical Association. Teens suffering from obesity would deal with being teased, socially not accepted, and unable to participate in social activities.

Not all obese teens are recommended to undergo gastric bypass surgery. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2017, there are guidelines that should be considered before a teen or an adolescent is recommended for gastric bypass or any weight-loss surgery:

• Failed to lose weight by any organized attempt of weight management for the last six or more months, with an assistance of a doctor.

• Have reached a physiological and skeletal maturity. Adolescents that have reached an age (or older) of 13 years old for girls and 15 years old for boys have reached this level of maturity.

• Has a body mass index (BMI) of more than 40 associated with severe obesity-related problems. Has body mass index of more than 50 even though there are no serious obesity-related problems.

• There are medical and physiological examinations and evaluations performed before the surgery, the teen undergoing that should be prepared to handle these evaluations.

• In general, those who have undergone gastric bypass surgery are advised to avoid pregnancy at least two years after the surgery. This is to avoid any complications and increasing risk to the fetus because of drastic weight loss. Anybody, not only teens, should be aware and agree on this.

• Prepared to follow strict dietary regulations after the surgery. There is a strict diet that patients should follow like low sugar, low fat, low-carbohydrates, and low-calories meal plans.

• Have a supportive environment. Because of the dramatic change in their lifestyle, teens should have supportive family environment that will be able to guide them to the different changes. Often times, there are patients of weight loss surgeries who would suffer from different physiological and psychological side-effects, like depression. Families should be prepared in helping their children through these stages.

There are doctors who would say that conducting gastric bypass or other bariatric surgery on teen-agers are safer than conducting the procedure with adults. Teens have not developed any case of obesity-related problems like high blood pressure and heart disease which are common among adults and also increases the risks of surgeries. Teens also heal faster and required less time spent in the hospital.

There are many benefits by undergoing gastric bypass and weight-loss surgeries. Some patients would even report losing 5% of their weight within the first month and about 50 to 60% within a year. Associated obesity related problems are also reduced by having the surgery. However, not everybody is recommended to undergo the procedure.

Even a teen is required to have be able to make sound decisions, before undergoing surgery. Afterall, maturity does not come with age.

A Guide To Trading Futures

In the stock trading industry, many people have garnered a lot of money from futures markets. It is only in this arena where people who have limited capitals can actually make substantial profits even in a short period of time. But because like any other market, this involves a lot of risks and may cost you significant losses, people may often fear to get involved.

Despite its bad reputation however, many experts would claim that futures trading could only be as risky as you want to make it. And if you take on good strategies and give yourself the proper exposure, then this can make you very rich.

What Are Futures?

Futures are standardized and transferable contracts that require a buyer to purchase a stock at a specific sum and within a certain time period in the future. This contract gives the buyer the obligation of purchase, and the seller the obligation to deliver the specific asset traded.

Unlike options, futures contracts obligate the traders to buy and sell instead of just merely giving them the right.

People basically profit from futures by performing speculations in order to provide liquidity and to assume risks for price fluctuations in the market. These valuable functions provide them with substantial returns and potentially large gains. But take note that along with these, substantial risks are involved as well.

How And Why Are Futures Traded?

Trading futures has become quite popular in many markets, especially in day trading. These kinds of trades offer a wide variety of markets and it can be traded at a low cost.

Futures can be traded in both up and down markets. If a particular trader expects the market to go up, a long trade is usually done wherein the trader buys a contract and then sells it. On the contrary, if a trader believes that the market will go down, and then he will most probably make a short trade by entering a trade through selling a contract and then exiting by buying another contract.

With this system, traders are able to profit regardless of what direction the market trends are going. This is the main reason why most traders are only concerned if the market is moving at all, instead of which direction it is actually going.

In futures trading, instead of taking or making deliveries, a trader merely speculates his position in the market’s volatility by predicting directions of trends. If prices move in the right direction, then the trader would be able to profit. If this does not happen, then a trader would experience some losses.

This particular arena in trading can be very promising, but it involves so many risks as well. But if you are well experienced in trading stocks and have adopted quite an understanding in the different trends, behaviors and strategies that the industry has to offer, then chances are, you may probably do well in this particular playing field.

All of this may sound pretty easy at the moment, but if you are planning to engage in futures trading, make sure that you do your research and prepare yourself with the necessary knowledge and skills to successfully execute transactions.

Along with huge profits possible, there are a lot of risks involved and trading futures without the right background can be very detrimental.

8 Questions every Business Analyst Should Ask

It does not matter what project you are going to undertake. It is not important what industry you are going to be assessing. What is important is you know what you are going to do. You must as questions. You must find what it is the client wants. Presented is a list of obvious questions every good business analyst should know the answer to when starting a project.

  1. What problem is this business having that you hope to solve by developing this project? It should be obvious as to why you would ask that question. If you do not understand what the problem is then you can not help to solve it. Also, when reading the project program it may not be clear as to what the client actually wants. The scope may only tell you what they would like to see happen. It could and often times is not focused on what the true issues are.

  2. What is the business doing at present to alleviate or solve the issue? What has been tried in the past? You must understand what the client is doing in order to understand what must be done. You do not want to develop a project plan overview only to have someone tell you it has been tried. Listen to the customer. Find out what they have done. Ask questions while you are listening. On your toes brainstorming so to speak. Listen to what has not worked.

  3. What inside resources will this project be utilizing? What outside resources will be necessary? You will want to determine where your help and team players are coming from. You may be familiar with most of the IT, but if the client wants to outsource it is a different game. You may have to make a list of external interactions. Define the company’s strengths and weaknesses. This can be most advantageous.

  4. Have you determined a vision for the project? The business analyst will compare this scope with the one he or she will develop to ensure consistencies and a parallel outlook. In other words make sure you are on the same path. This is sometimes easier said than done. Communication is the key to success with this question.

  5. What risks to you foresee and are you willing to take them? A conservative client may not be inclined to take large risks. Getting them to be specific can help when generating the project program. You may also be able to overcome some of their fears or doubts by explaining the risk factor more thoroughly.

  6. Are you under any type of time constraint? There has to be a set time frame for the outcome. A goal can be reached for any project if time is not a factor. Most clients have time constraints which affect every avenue of business. You will want to know what these are and plan accordingly.

  7. What is the projected cost of the program? An aggressive business analyst may be blunt and honest by wording the question like this. What is the projected budget and can it be deviated from? There are times certain steps must be taken which can cause a project to run over budget. Other plans of action may not need implemented because management was not fully aware of certain assets available. It is best to know exactly what is going into this project for the project program to succeed.

  8. Who is the end user? What support will they have? You will need to know this in order for the program to even fulfill it’s purpose. Marketing data must also be collected to incorporate what the end user is asking for. The goal is to reach the objective with everyone satisfied. A business analyst can not do this without talking and listening to everyone involved.

Instant and Long-Term Weight Loss with Gastric Bypass Surgery

Want to lose weight but afraid to go under the knife? Listen up. Your long-time battle with the bulge will end for good with one solution—gastric bypass surgery. It involves changing the digestive system to change your appetite; that way, you eat and digest less amount of food. Aside from the significant weight loss, the surgery also helps minimize the risk of developing obesity-related diseases.

Also called the Roux-en-Y surgery, the procedure primarily entails making a walnut-sized pouch at the upper stomach and putting a bypass around a portion of the small intestine and the stomach. Consequently, the food you eat bypasses most of the stomach and restricts the ability of your digestive system to take in calories. Hence, the term “bypass” surgery. Surgeons perform this operation using a small tube called a laparoscope that creates small incisions in the abdomen.

A small video camera is attached on the instrument, and this device enables the surgeon to see the inside of the abdomen. The laparoscopic technique is generally preferred over the traditional open bypass surgery that makes large incisions in the abdomen. Compared to the open bypass surgery, the laparoscopic technique is less risky and less painful because of the small incisions. Also, it results in shorter recovery period.

The procedure starts with the stapling of the patient’s stomach at the top to seal this area off from the rest of the stomach. As a result, the sealed portion or the pouch will be able to contain only an ounce of food. Separated from the entire stomach, the pouch is then connected to a small part of the small intestine. To be able to achieve that, the surgeon cuts a small part of the small intestine and sews it onto the pouch.

The surgery is not for everyone, though. There are certain risks involved; and a prospective patient must understand them before undergoing the surgery. If you plan to undergo the weight loss surgery, consult a surgeon and ask all your concerns regarding the procedure. Usually, the surgeon explains the things you should expect during and after the surgery.

Before the surgery, you will be given anesthetics to keep you asleep during the operation. The anesthesia is usually in the form of an intravenous (IV) line or analgesics. During the procedure, the surgeon inserts a tube into your nose down to the top of the stomach. To heal the staple line on the stomach, the tube is joined to a suction machine that empties the stomach pouch after the surgery. The surgery lasts for about two to four hours, but you will need to stay in the hospital for around three to five days for recovery.

Expect some diet and lifestyle changes after the weight loss surgery. One to three days after the procedure, you will not eat anything to allow your stomach to heal. Then, for about three months, you will follow a diet that starts with liquids, progresses to soft and pureed foods, and lastly to regular foods. You will have to be cautious with your food intake because eating huge meals can cause extreme pain under the breastbone and vomiting.

Also, you will notice some changes in your body and behavior three to six months after the gastric bypass surgery. These include dry skin, hair thinning, fatigue, body pains, and mood swings. These will be your body’s reactions to the quick weight loss resulting from the surgery.

The Basics On Stock Trading

The most common picture that comes to mind when people hear about stock trading is the one we see in movies where men in suits basically shout and wrestle each other in some huge New York building to bicker about money. Although to some extent, there is some truth to this image, trading in the stock market is actually a more complex concept that helps many people earn money and keep businesses alive.

The concept of trading fundamentally consists of the buying and selling of stocks among individuals or companies through brokers. Through buying a share of stock or a share of ownership in a particular company, an individual can then benefit and earn money from however the company they invested on may fair in the market.

There are two basic methods in which the stock market operates –on the exchange floor where buying and selling is done more traditionally and electronically where technology takes on the exchange game.

Trading On The Exchange Floor

The trading that occurs on the more traditional exchange floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is basically what most of us have become accustomed to from seeing it in the movies and on television. Basically, the NYSE consists of many brokers who negotiate the deals for individuals to be able to trade stocks.

As chaotic as the stock exchange floor may seem, there is actually a common pattern that occurs among most simple trades. First, an order to buy a certain number of stocks would be negotiated through a broker. After this, the broker’s order department would forward this arrangement to their floor clerk on the exchange. The floor clerk would then inform the company’s floor traders in order to find other traders that are willing to sell the equal number of stocks from the company that is offered to be bought. After the two parties agree on a price and close the deal, the message would be forwarded back up the line, and the broker would then inform the interested buyer on the final price.

Negotiations may take a few minutes or even longer, depending on the performance of the stocks as well as the market. For more complex trades and larger orders of stocks however, there may be a more complicated process but the principles basically remain the same.

Trading Electronically

A growing trend these days however, is trading stocks electronically, which is done through advanced computerized systems. Unlike the NYSE that generally operates through the manpower of brokers, its counterpart, the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ), trades stocks completely through electronic means.

These electronic markets forgo with human stockbrokers and instead make use of advanced computer networks to match buyers and sellers. And through this method, transactions are usually faster and more efficient.

Through electronic trading, investors get many benefits such as being able to get faster confirmations, as well as facilitating control by having online investing readily available through the Internet. However, brokers basically still handle the trades, as investors do not have direct access to the electronic markets.

The process that takes place in both methods however, is usually hidden from investors. Typically, if you are an investor, a call from your broker and regular reports on your stock investments would be provided for you, but you will not really get to see what is happening behind the scenes.

Through the investments that individuals make, many businesses are kept afloat and running. And in exchange for this, investors get a fair share of earnings. Stock trading may be a complex process, but at the end of the day, many people basically benefit from all of it. As a result, the whole concept becomes simple.

What is a business analyst?

A business analyst is a person whose job is to analyze business needs and critical problems for the stakeholders and propose practical solutions. Many times this is done with a project proposal. The business analyst is to study the proposal, determining which would be the best course of action to reach the proposed solution. At times this can not be done.

The plan and solution may look good on paper. When it comes time to implement the program, people and teams can be divided. 50% of all project proposals fail due to a lack of communication. The business analyst must also be a good people person to make the teams work together for the betterment of the business.

The entire project is based on saving money. When a qualified business analyst can not perform his or her duties because of the lack of co-operation, the result is a waste of time and money. The project is doomed for failure. A business analyst must be able to use negotiation skills and motivational techniques for the entire project to succeed short term and long term.

A business analyst will listen. Instead of jumping ahead and looking at the goal, he or she will take the time to understand the needs of the company. Asking questions is a key element to success in the world of business analysis. If the business analyst fails to comprehend the true needs of a company, the project can be sidetracked with issues unrelated. Again, the result would be failure.

A certified business analyst has been trained to read and recognize omissions in the project proposal. He or she will understand the need for outsourcing certain tasks. Choosing to use in-house personnel or outside resources will be something the professional business analyst can determine by assessing the needs of the company. This may be where a lack of communication or even team failure comes into the equation. A good analyst will explain as the project progresses so each team knows what is happening.

The business analyst may be hired to complete a proposed project but he or she must pull the company together as a whole. A good analyst knows company failure can result because of division in the offices or departments. He or she will see to it the company as a whole can see the vision of the business. He or she will explain how each department is integrated with the other. The project proposal may include more than is listed. The proposal may take another route to get the job done. A business analyst familiar with the industry involved will be able to recognize the overlooked or not so obvious issues involved.

There are times when services from outside sources may be utilized by the business. The business analyst is trained to understand the importance or lack of need for these sources. He or she can determine the most cost effective way to use the sources. The business analyst may find directing the designated tasks to in-house departments more beneficial to the company. This is part of researching the project proposal. The business analyst is to determine the most cost effective way to reach the goal and still succeed with a bottom line net profit.

How to Avoid Weight Gain after Gastric Bypass

Gastric bypass is a procedure that leads to a significant body weight loss. About 75 to 90 percent of excess weight (or about 100 lbs.) is eliminated, thanks to this safe and effective surgery. Usually, weight loss occurs within a year and a half after the surgery. The procedure basically involves reducing the size of the stomach so that the patient will not be able to eat as much food as he did before the operation. That way, overeating and taking in calorie-rich foods are prevented.

But unfortunately, regaining weight is possible several years after the weight loss surgery. Most patients keep on losing weight until achieving their ideal weight within one to three years after the procedure. Have you undergone weight loss surgery? It is likely that you lose much weight in one year, only to have the excess weight back. That usually happens to patients who do not follow the recommended food intake and the necessary lifestyle changes following the surgery. Good thing, there are several steps you can do to avoid gaining weight ever again. Read on the following tips to get the most out of your weight loss surgery.

  1. Stop eating when you are full. Eating more food than your stomach can hold will result in not only weight gain, but also pain in the abdomen, vomiting, nausea, and dizziness. Also, avoid eating when you are not really hungry.

  2. Avoid going back to your old, unhealthy habits. Binging or comfort eating are just some of the causes of weight gain and obesity. Sure, old habits die hard. But if you cannot resist the urge to overeat, then your weight loss surgery is as good as useless.

  3. Find some ways to deal with stress, anxiety, loneliness, and other emotions that lead to binge eating. Seek help from a professional such as a psychotherapist to be able to curb negative emotions that trigger incessant food cravings.

  4. Make sure to follow the diet plan designed for you. The diet recommended for people who have undergone weight loss surgery includes foods that are low in fat and sugar. Now, if you eat sugar- or fat-rich foods, then expect your weight to increase again.

  5. Follow an exercise program. Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. You can do yoga, Pilates, aerobics, walking, jogging, and other physical activities to keep your body and mood in great shape.

  6. See your doctor. If you notice that you are gaining weight at any point after your surgery, it is best to consult your doctor to determine the reasons for your weight gain. Your weight gain may be due to medical causes such as a disease, and the doctor can help you find solutions to stop the problem. On the other hand, some instances of weight gain after surgery are caused by a patient’s diet or fitness routine. Your doctor can also help you determine those problems and suggest changes or adjustments to your eating habits and regular workouts to stop your weight gain.

Remember, nothing beats a healthy diet and consistent exercise regime to make sure that you maintain an ideal healthy weight years after your gastric bypass surgery. Do not forget to always consult your doctor whenever you encounter health problems. Doing so gives you the peace of mind that you will not have to deal with obesity problems ever again.

How Gastric Bypass Works

Gastric bypass surgeries and other weight loss medical procedures being performed in the United States are increasing for the last few years. This may be in response for the increase in the number of people suffering from obesity. According to the American Society of Bariatric Surgery, there are about 140,000 gastric bypass being performed every year.

Those who have undergone weight loss surgeries, lose about 50 to 60% of their body weight, a year after the surgery. Along with the weight loss, they would also be losing ailments associated with obesity like high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, heart diseases and even cancer.

The Procedure

The most common gastric bypass performed is called the Roux-en Y gastric bypass. In this procedure, a small pouch is created on the top of the stomach. It is stapled, to seal it off from the rest of the stomach. This small pouch will no longer digest any food. The upper part of the small intestine, the duodenum, is attached to this small pouch.

When eating, the food would bypass the small pouch in the stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine. The food would go directly to the middle section of the intestine called the jejunum. Since it is the small intestine that does the absorption of minerals, vitamins and calories, the body will absorb limited calories only. A Y formation is formed just below the stomach.

Incisions are made in the abdomen to perform the procedure. Surgeons will be using the laparoscope or a small, tubular instrument with a camera. This will enable the surgeon to see the abdomen and perform the surgery. The laparoscopic gastric bypass actually makes the stay in the hospital and the recovery period shorter and quicker.

There are still “open” gastric bypass performed, however, there could be wound-related problems with this kind of procedure. The laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. The procedure lasts for about four hours. Patients who have undergone the procedure stay in the hospital for about two to six days to be monitored for any complications.

After the Surgery

Having a smaller stomach has effects on how much food the patient can eat. There are special diets that a patient recovering from gastric bypass surgery follows. Every food that the patient would eat will be important for his nutrition. There are times that they are also recommended nutritional supplements to avoid deficiencies like anemia or vitamin deficiency.

There are patients reporting weight loss of as much as 50 to 60 percent a year after the surgery. There are even some who would report an astounding 80% weight loss. However, it is still possible for patients to stretch their stomachs and have that large size again. There is still a possibility of getting back those lost pounds. That is why doctors would recommend dietary restrictions and exercise plant that would keep the pounds away.

There are also tendencies that gastric bypass patients would develop gallstones, stomach ulcers, hernia or nutritional deficiencies. The part of the stomach which was bypassed can get enlarged, it could cause bloating and hiccups. There is also the Dumping syndrome which happens when the food moves quickly to the small intestine. This can happen after eating foods high in sugar or fat.

Getting A Gastric Bypass: Desperate Times Call For Desperate Measures

Why get a gastric bypass? It sometimes goes like this: you’ve been looking at yourself in the mirror and are looking at all the flab on you? Have you been laying awake all night as you remember your physical difficulties during the day? Life isn’t exactly when you’re overweight and a lot of people try to rid themselves of the fat on their body. The problem is sometimes alll those exercise programs and diets don’t exactly work out for those doing them. What do you do when your weight yo-yos up and down or, worse, it just won’t go down?

Well, that’s the time when you think about getting a surgical option. Liposuctions are a good stopgap option and they can often do the trick – all it takes is a good push and maintaining weight is a lot easier. However, sometimes even that is not enough. The fat keeps on coming back, whether it’s just a genetic predesposition to it or something similar. Some people really need help to get them out of obesity’s tight embrace. That’s where a gastric bypass comes in.

A gastric bypass, or as medical professionals call it a “Roux-en-Y gastric bypass”, is a surgical weight-loss procedure that enables the patient to lose weight on a constant and regular basis. It is one of the more safe options and is because of this the preferred option when any weight-loss surgery is being considered. What it does is essentially make a small pouch in the upper part of the stomach, and connect it directly to the middle of your small intestine. This severely cuts down on your caloric intake by skipping most of the intestinal tract and also reduces your appetite by making your stomach handle less food.

The procedure may sound like an easy thing but a gastric bypass is still a major surgical operation and has its own risks. You’ll be under general anesthesia for this operation and tubes will be inserted via your nose and your abdomen to make sure you recover completely after the operation. The operation itself will only take a few hours.

It may even be shorter if you under go a laparoscopic bypass, a procedure which uses a laparoscope instead of opening your abdomen completely for the operation. This results in less infection and accelerates healing time. After the operation, your doctor will probably keep you in the hospital for three to five days for observation.

Of course, immediately after the operation you will be experiencing a few changes. First of all, in the first three days after the bypass, you’ll be on an IV drip – no eating until your stomach heals. Then it’s twelve weeks of reginemnted diet as you progress to solid foods again. You’ll also be feeling the effects of the gastric bypass. When you eat a lot of food or eat quickly, it may cause you to vomit or pain. You will feel yourself losing weight in the next few months but will also have to suffer the side-effects like weakness, hair loss and body aches.

This is why you should never undertake a gastric bypass unless it’s truly necessary.

Gastric Bypass: What You Need to Know Before You Go Under the Knife

Tired of all your weight loss methods that don’t work? Surgery may be your only lifesaver. In fact, some overweight people go to greater lengths by going under the knife to be able to lose weight fast. You might want to consider gastric bypass surgery to eliminate those unwanted bulges and flabs. In essence, it lowers the volume of the stomach by as much as 30 ml. This procedure, which is sometimes referred to as bariatric surgery, is the most preferred weight loss surgery by surgeons in the United States.

It is because this type of bariatric surgery is much safer and less risky than other weight-loss procedures. Compared with the other type of bariatric surgery (gastric banding surgery), this procedure does not easily lead to weight gain. And with consistent changes in a patient’s lifestyle and behavior, the surgery can result in a long-term and immediate weight loss, as well as other health benefits such as treatment of sleep apnea and type II diabetes.

How safe it is?

The technology used in the weight loss surgery makes the operation much safer than before. Majority of bariatric procedures take advantage of the new laparoscopic technology, which uses a tiny video camera and other instruments to make very small incisions on the abdomen. Whereas before, surgeries of the stomach involved creating large incisions that usually caused intense pain and inflammation to patients. Smaller incisions using the laparoscopic technique leads to less pain, less swelling, fewer scars, and faster recovery rate.

How does it work?

Usually performed within two hours, the surgery involves making the stomach smaller by creating a line of staples that is joined to an end of the small bowel.

Is this surgery right for you?

It depends on your body mass index (BMI). You are a candidate for the surgery if your BMI is not less than 40. But if you have any serious disease such as pneumonia, bronchitis, or diabetes, your BMI must be at least 35 in order to undergo a weight-loss surgery. Otherwise, the surgeon may not allow you to go through the procedure because of the complications. Aside from the right physical condition, you must be emotionally and mentally prepared for the surgery. For the operation to be successful, you should be properly motivated and aware of the risks or complications that may arise. Also, surgery should always be the last resort—meaning you use it only after you have tried dieting and exercise but to no avail.

What are the risks?

Of course, any kind of surgery entails some risks due to the incisions involved in the operation. Deaths resulting from the surgery are very rare (about 0.1 to 2 percent). The complications of the surgery are bleeding, respiratory dysfunction, stenosis or the obstruction of stomach, and leaking due to the staples.

How to find the right surgeon?

Choosing the best surgeon is one of the most important decisions to make when it comes to weight-loss surgery. The surgeon is the only person to entrust your life and limb with, so to speak. So he or she must not only be competent, but also a person whom you’re comfortable dealing with. Also, look for a surgeon with a vast experience in gastric bypass surgery, preferably someone who has performed hundreds of operations. That way, you can be sure that your surgery is safe and effective.

Gastric Bypass Tips: Switch to a Healthy Lifestyle after Weight Loss!

Obesity has been one of the major health issues in the United States for a very long time. For the past two decades, the number of obese and overweight people has been growing fast in more than 30 states of America. Beyond the statistics is a more pressing problem: the health problems that come with obesity. Sleep apnea, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, and hypertension are just some of these health conditions that are often associated with excess weight.

How does one lose weight aside from diet, exercise, and medication? Gastric bypass surgery is a well-know solution for overweight people who need to shed at least 100 lbs. However, surgery alone is not enough to maintain an ideal weight. It must be accompanied by post-surgery lifestyle changes that involve diet, exercise, and mental and emotional adjustments.

The Right Diet after Weight Loss Surgery

The most important thing that a patient should watch out after the surgery is his diet. The surgery involves changing the structure of the stomach and small intestines. The reduced stomach volume following the surgery limits that amount of food that the stomach can hold, which is roughly about 1 ounce. Thus, the patient must be careful with the kind and amount of food he eats. The patient needs to eat small meals at regular intervals everyday. Weeks after the surgery, the patient is required to eat pureed or soft foods for better digestion and to avoid complications such as nausea and vomiting. Examples of foods that can be eaten after surgery are pureed fruits, pureed vegetables, soups, oatmeal, and steamed desserts.

Formal Exercise Program

A day following the surgery, the patient can do some light walking—but not regular exercises yet. Two to three weeks are needed for rest and healing, and a formal exercise program can start as soon as the patient has fully recovered. Usually, weight loss surgery patients can start low-impact aerobic workouts four to six weeks following the surgery. The recommended exercises for those who have undergone weight loss surgery include yoga, Pilates, water aerobics, resistance band exercises, speed walking, and light jogging.


While it seems that weight loss surgery involves only the physiological aspect of the patient, the mental and emotional aspects must not be overlooked. Most surgeons recommend psychotherapy that people who are considering weight loss surgery. Psychotherapy prepares a person’s mind and emotions before the surgery so that he could cope easily with the bodily and lifestyle changes after the procedure. Failure to undergo psychotherapy prior to the surgery may lead to post-procedure problems such as eating disorders, constant food cravings, and emotional troubles.

Stress Management

To many people, eating is a great stress reliever. The diet limitations after surgery can be very stressful for many patients. What’s the best way to beat stress after surgery? Not food, not drugs, and not treatments. Simple changes in lifestyle can turn stressful days into comfortable and worry-free ones. Stress management techniques for people who have gone through weight loss surgery include deep breathing and relaxation techniques, acupuncture, yoga, massage therapy, and meditation. Trying a new hobby and joining support groups in one’s community are also good ways to manage stress after weight loss surgery.

Gastric bypass surgery is the best remedy for obesity when diet, exercise, and medications fail. But even the most successful procedures won’t lead to weight loss without the right lifestyle changes. To help achieve a healthy lifestyle and effective weight loss, one must seek professional help from health care professionals, dieticians, and psychotherapists.

Gastric Bypass Surgery: How much does it Cost?

Are you considering gastric bypass surgery to get rid of excess weight? Perhaps, you are wondering how much the procedure would cost you and if it is covered by insurance.

Prepare to spend much to be able to lose weight. Nowadays, weight loss or bariatric surgery costs around $20,000 to $35,000. In fact, the cost of weight loss surgery has gone down significantly in the past years. It varies depending on the quality of procedure itself, the experience of the surgeon, the medical team that will help in the operation, and the additional post-surgery services that a patient availed of.

Insurance Coverage for Weight Loss Surgery Patients

Is the cost of weight loss surgery covered by insurance companies? If a patient has insurance, he may pay part of the cost or nothing at all. A lot of health insurance companies have considered obesity as a serious health problem, so they cover part of or all the expenses incurred in weight loss surgery. This is because weight loss surgery can actually save them money in the long term. Insurance coverage for weight loss surgery depends on the insurance firm itself, the particular insurance policy, and the state where the patient is located (since there is no insurance coverage in some states). Also, insurance coverage is given only to qualified candidates or those who meet specific criteria set by an insurance company.

The following are the criteria that a weight loss surgery patient must meet to qualify for insurance coverage:

  1. Obesity for at least five years before the surgery

  2. Minimum of 100 lbs. of excess weight

  3. Showed serious efforts to lose weight through diet and exercise but to no avail

  4. No history of alcoholism

  5. No history of depression or other mental disorders

To be able to enjoy the insurance benefits, the patient (with the help of the surgeon or clinic) is required to file some forms to the insurance company. One of the necessary forms include a Letter of Medical Necessity that usually indicates the patient’s weight or body mass index, obesity-related diseases (e.g., diabetes, hypertension, etc.), and the duration of the patient’s obesity, among others.

On the other hand, weight loss surgery patients who are not covered by insurance must shoulder the costs themselves. These self-pay patients may apply for personal loans to be able to pay for the surgery, but this payment option involves interest rates.

Post-Surgery Costs

The cost of weight loss surgery must also include the expenses following the procedure. A change in lifestyle after the surgery results in certain expenses such as gym membership for the exercises and new sets of clothes, which will need to be replaced several times during the year.

Besides the financial costs, there are emotional and physical costs involved as well in the weight loss surgery. For one, the patient will need to adjust to the new lifestyle and the changes in his body, which can trigger high levels of stress and anxiety especially in the few weeks following the surgery. The physical cost of gastric bypass surgery involves being committed to the recommended diet plan to avoid serious complications and weight gain.

In particular, it means the patient must stay away from foods rich in fat and sugar, as well as avoid unhealthy habits such as skipping meals and overeating. Sticking to a regular exercise program is also part of the surgery’s physical cost.

Gastric Bypass Surgery And Depression

There are numerous studies showing us how gastric bypass surgeries have improved the lives of those who suffer morbid or severe obesity. Patients who have underwent the procedure were able to lose about 50 to 60 percent of their weight a year after a surgery. Some would even report an astounding 80 percent weight loss after two years.

About 140,000 gastric bypass surgeries are conducted every year. Obese teens could also undergo the medical procedure as long as they are within the guidelines set. Those who are qualified to undertake the surgery should at least be 100 pounds overweight and failed to reduce weight in the last six months through monitored weight loss programs. But every coin has two sides. Gastric bypass surgery also has its downside.

Some patients would often report depression after the gastric bypass operation. Some of the patients would often pinpoint the procedure itself as depressing. While others think that it is the low-calorie diets triggering this depression. Gastric bypass patients are recommended to follow a special diet that would ensure them the best and sustained results. This special diet is about low-calorie, low-sugar and low-fat foods.

The Thinner Times website, stated that about 5 to 10 percent of deaths occurred to patients after the gastric bypass surgery. This happens just within a month or two since the procedure and the primary cause would be psychological challenges. To address this, experts recommend that adequate supplies of calories should be ingested daily.

There are studies showing that those who suffer depression and anxiety after the gastric bypass surgery is less likely to lose weight compared with mentally healthy people. There are many methods on how doctors and experts would know if their patients are mentally prepared for the surgery. There are medical centers who would employ or require their patients to undergo rigorous metal health evaluation.

A patient candidate for weight loss surgery is to undergo psychological evaluation to ensure that they are prepared mentally for the operation and the lifestyle changes that will follow after the surgery. If a person is found out to be suffering from depression prior to the surgery, they will not be automatically disqualified. Those who have history of drug and alcohol abuse are the ones who are disqualified.

Some medical centers would require patients with depression go through treatment before gastric bypass surgery. Treatment could include taking of antidepressants, psychotherapy, and help from their family, friends and support groups.

It is not uncommon to find weight loss surgery candidates to suffer from depression, since they would have to deal with being ostracized because of their weight. Candidates for weight loss surgery would oftentimes suffer from a history of depression, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress or panic/anxiety attacks.

Having mental health problems are not preventing people from getting the treatment that they need to improve their lives and their health. Just like in any other surgery, it is important to gain support from friends and family to recover well and to get the desired results. Gastric bypass surgery would require a lot of change in lifestyle, it could be difficult but having loved ones will help a patient get through with it.

Gastric Bypass: Is It Really Necessary?

Sometimes when we look at ourselves in the mirror, we don’t like what we see. Our modern lifestyle does not exactly engender healthy living for normal people. The convenience of fast food combined with a sedentary lifestyle is not exactly conducive to a healthy life. Obesity is quickly becoming an epidemic in in terms of how it has spread. A lot of people are trying to be more fit, of course, with diet and exercise. However, sometimes, that’s not enough. This is where a gastric bypass comes in.

Having weight-loss surgery is quickly becoming an increasing trend among people who find that they just can’t seem to lose weight. This might have come about because of a combination of lifestyle choices, genetic predispositions and physical problems, but the results are still the same: stubborn flab that doesn’t seem to go away or even in some cases, incredibly overweight individuals. For people like these, a gastric bypasss is often their only hope.

What exactly is a gastric bypass? This is a simple process in which stomach capacity is lessened and a large part of the intestinal tract is skipped in the digestive process. It may sound complicated but it is actually the simplest weight-loss surgery that is possible. There are actually several variations of gastric bypasses but the most common type is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. In this type of gastric bypass, a pouch is create at the top of the stomach using surgical staples – sometimes this pouch is as small as a walnut. Then the stomach pouch is connected to the middle part of the small intestine, the jejunum.

All of this can be done by either an open procedure, where in the whole abdomen is sliced open, or by making a small incision in the side of the abdomen and using small tools and a camera to do the procedure, a process that is sometimes called the laparoscopic approach. An open procedure can be actually very dangerous and is also subject to longer recovery times; this is why the laparoscopic approach is often advised.

Of course, this is all a major surgical procedure and you can’t just have your digestive tract messed with. You can only be qualified for this procedure if you have been obese for five years, in which you have tried everything to lose weight, are not alcoholic, and not suffering from any psychiatric disorder. An age limit is also set for procedure – only individuals from 18 to 65 may have a gastric bypass.

It may all seem like a done deal: just hop onto the operating table and you’ll be well on your way to svelteness. Unfortunately, it’s not that easy. A gastric bypass is a four hour operation followed by a five day recovery period, in which the patient is observed. Liquids will be the only source of nourishment for him during the observation period. Afterwards, there will be a twelve week regimented diet that will take him from liquids to solids so that the patient’s new stomach may handle it. There will also be side-effects: a smaller stomach means less food which means less energy overall – you’ll be lethargic until your body learns to cope. Also, you may experience pain and vomiting after eating too much or too fast.

A gastric bypass looks like a great shortcut to slimness but it’s a lot more difficult than it may seem.

Gastric Bypass’ Downside

Gastric bypass surgeries are the most common bariatric surgical procedures performed, nowadays. Bariatric surgical procedures is the term used to refer to weight-loss surgeries. There are more and more people who are choosing to have the procedure to avoid the risks brought by morbid obesity.

There are numerous benefits by getting a gastric bypass surgery. Those who have undergone the surgery were expected to lose about 50 to 60% of their weight. Most of the patients would say that they reached the lowest point of their weight two years after their surgery.

In addition to weight loss, gastric bypass surgery could also resolve health issues associated to obesity. They could improve or lessen the risk of Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, sleep apnea, asthma, arthritis, joint pain, and even heart disease and cancer.

Those who have undergone gastric bypass surgical procedures are also exposed to risks and complications just like in any other surgery. When considering getting this kind of weight-loss procedure, it is not only the benefits that you would have to know but also its risks and dangers.

• Pulmonary Embolism is a condition where blood clots developing in the legs which can get carried off to the lungs. There are techniques which can be performed to prevent this kind of condition to happen like using surgical compression stockings.

• Peritonitis is also another condition when stomach fluid leaks into the abdominal cavity or where the intestine is connected. There is a need to immediately seal the leak before it becomes a serious condition.

• Ulcers can develop among patients, 5 to 15 percent of the time.

• It could also result to hernia or incision hernia which is a weakness in the incision. It would often require surgical repair.

• There are situations when the stomach moves too fast for the small intestine. This is often referred to as the dumping syndrome. It is often accompanied with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, and sweating.

• Vitamin and mineral deficiency are also possible complications of the surgery like anemia and vitamin D deficiency.

• It could also cause problems in the kidney like kidney stones.

• Gallstones could also be a result of this operation.

• Stomach ulcers could also develop but this could be managed by the usual treatments used for ulcers.

Women who went through the procedure are recommended to avoid pregnancy for at least two years after the surgery. Pregnant women are required to take nutritional supplements like vitamins and minerals to get the proper nutrients for her and the baby.

Gastric bypass surgeries are not recommended for everybody. It is often recommended to those who have a BMI of 40 or those who weigh more than a hundred pounds. Everybody who would be undergoing the procedure would have to take a mental exam, for those who eat due to emotional problems are likely to fail in losing weight.

Gastric bypass surgeries have 2% of fatalities, one percent due to complications and the other one percent would brought by the failure of the patients to follow the dietary restrictions following the surgery. Before undergoing the procedure, it is important to understand these consequences and be prepared to change our lifestyle.

Gastric Bypass Diet: Dos and Don’ts

According to studies, gastric bypass surgery can help get rid of excess body weight by as much as 90 percent. Sounds too good to be true, right? But that’s possible if a patient follows a strict diet plan to avoid regaining weight and to enjoy the full benefits of the surgery. The aftermath of the surgery requires certain lifestyle changes, and that include eating habits. Make sure you get the proper nourishment you need by following these guidelines.

  1. Follow your physician’s or dietician’s recommendations on vitamin and mineral supplements after the surgery.

The surgery causes most of the stomach and part of the small intestines to be bypassed. This, in turn, causes your body to have difficulty taking in some nutrients, which leads to vitamin and mineral deficiency. To keep your body from losing its much-needed vitamins and minerals, make sure that you take proper supplements regularly. Usually, the supplements include multivitamins, vitamin B-12, vitamin D, iron, calcium, among others.

  1. Don’t take huge meals.

That would defeat the very purpose of your surgery. Just because you have achieved weight loss, that does not mean you can go back to binging or other unhealthy eating habits. Remember—following the surgery, your stomach’s volume has been reduced. Your tummy can hold only 1 ounce of food. Overeating won’t do your tummy any good. Aside from adding unnecessary calories, eating too much can cause body pains, vomiting, and dizziness.

Be sure that you eat only small amounts of food. Follow your doctor’s recommended food amounts. Soon after the surgery, you can eat about 1 to 1 1/2 cups of food in every meal. And before you feel full, resist the urge of taking another bite.

Over time, your stomach stretches and can contain more food. Thus, you can adjust your food intake as time progresses.

  1. Chew up thoroughly.

Make your digestive system’s job easier by chewing your food thoroughly. Why do you need to do so? After the surgery, the small opening between your stomach and your small intestine may be blocked by large pieces of food. When that opening is blocked, food will remain in the stomach and will not be able to pass through the small intestine. This will definitely cause nausea, pain in the abdomen, and vomiting.

Don’t swallow food that you cannot chew well. To make eating easier and more comfortable, take smaller bites and chew them until their texture becomes pureed before swallowing.

  1. Don’t eat and drink like there’s no tomorrow.

Avoid eating too fast—this will only lead to sweating, diarrhea, nausea, dizziness, and vomiting. These are the symptoms of dumping syndrome, a condition wherein foods enter the small intestine quickly and in abnormally large amounts.

You must eat and drink slowly. Eating a meal should take at least half an hour, while drinking 1 cup of liquid should take half an hour to one hour. Also, avoid foods that have high sugar and fat content.

  1. Don’t drink liquids while eating.

Drink only before or after your meals. Otherwise, you will feel the symptoms of dumping syndrome. In addition, drinking liquids with meals make you feel full immediately, and this stops you from eating more nutrient-rich foods.

  1. Try one new food at a time.

After your gastric bypass surgery, avoid eating just any food. Certain foods and beverages like milk, soda, meat, rice, and pasta may cause pain, nausea, vomiting. Try just one food at a time—and if it causes discomfort, do not eat it.

Gastric Bypass And Other Treatments For Obesity

Gastric bypass surgery is the most common method used to lose weight brought by morbid obesity. Experts would estimate an average of 140,000 surgeries being performed annually. With this kind of procedure, a small pouch is made in the stomach by stapling it. The middle portion of the small intestine is connected to the rest of the stomach. Food will bypass the small pouch and the upper part of the intestine. The size of the stomach is reduced, thus also reducing the food that it could take.

Although it is the most popular procedure, there are other bariatric surgeries or weight loss surgeries.

  1. Lap-Band adjustable gastric binding is another type of weight loss surgery. In this procedure, an inflatable band is tightened like a belt and will divide the stomach in to two pouches. However, weight loss results are slower than gastric bypass surgery. Also the pounds shed could be less than the amount of lost weight with gastric bypass.

  2. A part of the stomach is also stapled with vertical banded gastroplasty. The stomach is divided into two parts, but there is not intestinal bypass. This would just make the patient eat less since the stomach has limited space for the food. Losing weight using this procedure is not as tremendous as gastric bypass results, nor could it sustain weight loss for longer period of time.

  3. The biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch removes 80 percent of the stomach. In this procedure, much of the small intestine is bypassed. Losing weight could be sustained over a long period of time. However, there are also increased risks with this kind of medical procedure. Patients tend to develop malnutrition and vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

These are just the basic medical procedures and weight-loss surgeries that can be performed to obese individuals and patients. Nonetheless, a person who would like to undergo bariatric surgery would have to undergo different medical and psychological examinations. Those who are qualified for gastric bypass should have at least tried an organized weight-loss program for the last six months monitored by a doctor, but acquired no significant results with their body weight.

Overall, if you are obese, there are steps that you could start doing before considering gastric bypass surgery. Before you start any diet or exercise program, it is recommended to consult a doctor first to guide you on how you could shed the pounds and keep them off. You could start by changing the variety of food you eat, the nutritional content and the amounts and frequency of meals. In short, you would have to improve your eating habits.

Start incorporating activity to your daily activities. Fat in the body is actually energy not used of consumed by the body. So you would have to start losing those excess weight by having an exercise plan. You could start by giving at least 30 minutes a day for daily activity. It does not have to be done continuously, you could break it into different stages suited for your time.

To get better results, it is also important to get all the necessary support tat you could get. There are still tendencies that a person who have undergone gastric bypass surgery to regain their weight. They could still turn to overeating which could result to serious problems like expansion of the pouch or even rupture of the stomach. Counselling and support groups play a major role in helping obese patients deal with weight loss, confidence or self-esteem and other major changes.

Gastric bypass surgery is not the only option. There are other options that can be followed to get the desired health condition. Whatever treatment or surgery that we follow, in the end, what would matter is our will and determination to undergo the change.

Gastric Bypass And Diabetes

Gastric bypass and other bariatric medical procedures are primarily performed to resolve issues of morbid obesity. Not only does gastric bypass help in weight-loss, but studies show that it has dramatic effects on diseases associated with obesity like heart diseases, hypertension, cancer and diabetes. There are significant studies showing that gastric bypass surgery was able to reduce or force the remission of Type 2 diabetes.

With gastric bypass surgery, the stomach is reduced in size. A small pouch is created on the top of the stomach and the middle section of the small intestine is connected to the remaining part of the stomach. Because of the stomach is smaller in size, it could accommodate smaller amount of food and would limit the calories that it would absorb.

After the surgery, the weight loss could be dramatic. Surveys say that patients would lose 5% of their weight immediately after their weight-loss operation. In a year after the surgery, patients could lose 50 to 60 percent of their original weight. Patients would be able to lose their lowest body weight two years from the time of surgery. That is, if the patients would stick with the dietary restrictions and follow the exercise program.

There are studies showing that diabetes was forced to remission after the surgery. This is not just about hormonal factors, the amount of weight lost by the patient has significant effects on diabetes. In a study conducted at the Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, they were able to identify that weight is a factor in decreasing diabetes. Hormones also have a factor, since the studies also showed an effect on the gut hormones. They have a stronger insulin resistance.

In the study conducted, obese patients who have Type 2 diabetes, showed that their diabetes control improved after undergoing the surgery. They had lower blood-sugar levels and take lower amounts of medication. About 48 percent of the respondents were able to achieve complete remission.

It is not just the weight loss and the hormones that keep diabetes at bay. Type 2 diabetes is often caused by diet. A person who have undergone gastric bypass surgery, is required to follow strict diet. Too much sugar at fat is best avoided after the surgery, since it could result into the Dumping syndrome which has vomiting, nausea, dizziness, sweating and diarrhea as symptoms. Because of the change in diet, the individual gets to eat less food and less carbohydrates.

The results are not only significant among adult patients. There are also studies showing that it would take a year before teen patients would be able to be off from the medication and for diabetes to go into remission. Teen who are suffering from diseases used to be only associated with adults, like high blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, would get lower counts or get significant improvements after surgery.

Experts agree that diabetes can surely be reduced by undergoing gastric bypass surgery. However, it is not the best option nor the only option. The gastric bypass surgery effects could fail especially if the same lifestyle before the surgery is still followed. It is still about eating healthy and getting regular activity into your schedule.

Understanding Gastric Bypass

Gastric bypass surgery is done to primarily solve or treat morbid or severe obesity and other health problems associated with it. With this procedure the stomach is made smaller. The food will bypass part of the small intestine. By doing so, the patient will consume less because he feels full immediately. Getting full easily would reduce the calories taken by the body and eventually lead to weight loss.

Actually, gastric bypass is just among the many similar operations to reduce obesity. To refer all of these procedures, bariatric surgery is the term. These operations intend to reduce accumulated fatty tissues by altering the physiological and psychological attitude of a patient towards food and eating.

How does it alter normal digestion?

What normally happens is that after eating, the food would go through the stomach and then proceed to the small intestine. The nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine before it goes to the large intestine where waste is eventually pushed out of the body. The most common gastric bypass procedure, the Roux-en Y gastric bypass, alters this process.

In the Roux-en gastric bypass, a small pouch is made on the top part of the stomach. The lower part of the stomach, which is much smaller now, is connected directly to the middle part of the small intestine. The stomach was made smaller and at the same time, the intestine was cut short, the upper portion of the small intestine was bypassed. Both the upper portion of the stomach and the small intestine no longer digest food.

Statistics showed that patients would lose 60%, on the average, of their weight after the gastric bypass surgery. There are even who would say that they have lost 80% of their weight. There are studies showing that about 90% of patient who have undergone gastric surgery were able to maintain their weight loss after ten years of having the surgery performed.

Having gastric surgery is not risk-free though. People who have undergone this procedure would report more cases of gallstones, in other studies, they would also report nutritional issues like anemia or osteoporosis.

Every year there are about 140,000 gastric procedure being performed in the United States alone. The results could really be successful, with people being able to get better weight-loss results, however, about 2% of patients would find it very fatal. In the 2%, one percent could be as a result of complications during surgery. The heart in unable to support the pumping it has to do to handle the excess weight or the complication brought by it.

The other one percent cause of fatality among people who gone through the procedure, would be about not following the dietary restrictions that should be followed after the surgery. After gastric surgery, the body could no longer handle too much intake of high-sugar and high-fat food. There is a special diet that those who have just undergone the surgery should follow. Bypass diet would usually include foods that are high in protein but low in fat, fiber, calories, and sugar. There are vitamins and mineral supplements that are required to be taken to avoid health and nutritional deficiencies.

With more and more people turning to gastric bypass surgery as a weight-loss option, it is important to understand not only the procedure and the benefits. It is also important to weigh the risks and if our lifestyle and our body would be able to handle the dramatic loss of weight.

What you need to know about Kundalini Reiki

When it comes to spiritual healing, Kundalini Reiki is considered by many people as one of most basic yet effective means of today. This is because the practice involves simple and easily understood structures that anybody can practice.

Many people—who are into spiritual healing—are into Kundalini Reiki because it is far more easier that the practice of the traditional Reiki. Since Kundalini Reiki is derived from the traditional Reiki, majority of its techniques, means of treatments, and principles are pretty much the same. Only that Kundalini Reiki uses simpler methods to achieve spiritual healing in a faster and more convenient manner.

How Kundalini Reiki works

When we say Kundalini, it usually refers to the opening of various “healing channels” and “charkas” that gives people easy access in gaining the energy of the Earth. Here, the “root chakra” serves as the center of energy that paves the way for the Kundalini energy to enter.

Also referred to as the “Kundalini fire,” Kundalini energy is said to flow all throughout the person’s body and taps the body’s “main energy channel.” Once it the energy has reached “main energy channel,” the Kundalini Reiki will now exit the “crown chakra,” and comes back in a form of cycle.

In Kundalini Reiki, the energy that has been released from a person through a channel enters the “root chakra,” passes through “crown chakra”—which is usually located on top of a person’s head—and stay there for a period of time. During its stay in the “crown chakra,” the Kundalini Reiki cleanses the “charkas” in the different parts of the body and channels it all throughout the system.

Here’s the step-by-step procedure how Kundalini Reiki works:

  1. The first step in making Kundalini Reiki work is by opening the channels where Reiki energy will flow. This step is called the “first attunement.” This process also prepares the person for the second awakening of the Kundalini Reiki. Here, the person’s chakras in the hand, crown, and hand are opened and strengthened at the same time to complete the first phase. This first step is said to be the equivalent of Usui’s Reiki 1to 3 attunements which most people who practice traditional Reiki use.
  2. The second step in making Kundalini Reiki work is the strengthening of channels. After the initial awakening of the Kundalini Reiki, the channels where the life force energy should be strengthened so it can accommodate the channeled energy. When the channels are strengthened, it ensures that receiving of energy in a gentle and sure manner. This process also paves that way for igniting the Kundalini energy and enables it to reach its minimum chakra.
  3. The third step in making Kundalini Reiki work is strengthening the channels where the Kundalini fire will reach it maximum limit. Once this is done, the Kundalini Reiki will then perform its task of cleansing the person’s spirituality while strengthening and nurturing it.

For the Kundalini Reiki to work more effectively, the person who’s practicing it may also include extra attunements including “balance,” and the use of “diamond Reiki,” “crystalline Reiki,” “DNA Reiki,” “birth trauma Reiki,” “location Reiki,” and the “past life Reiki.”

Although Kundalini Reiki is a simple means of spiritual healing, people should be careful in using or practicing it because they can be grounded to the energy of the Earth if they don’t have enough knowledge and guidance when doing it.

What is Reiki Nur Ilahi

Reiki is an ancient form of healing that came from Japan using your hands. If you want to learn this technique, you have to learn this from a Reiki master. You too can become a master and then go on further by learning Reiki Nur Ilahi which in English means “divine ray of enlightenment.”

Reiki Nur Ilahi is pronounced Noor ee-loa-hee. There are eight levels of these often referred to as Magam. This term means “state of divine accomplishment of your awareness” and those who are able to learn it can heal certain emotional, mental and physical illnesses as well as purify the soul and spirit.

Unlike the other forms or Reiki, it does not use any symbols. The only prerequisite is that the person should already be a reiki master. This will make it easier for him or her to move from one level to the next since you just have to do affirmation to continue up the ladder. This is because after you reach level 8, there are still other Reiki techniques that you can learn.

The main goal of Reiki Nur Ilahi is for the person to gain unity to both your self and God’s consciousness. There are not that many schools that teach this technique. In fact, there is not that information about it but if you hard enough, you will find out that there are experts who prefer to give this training online.

You will be emailed a detailed manual of the course, distant initiation so you don’t have to travel and once you pass through the course, you will be given a certificate of completion.

When you are looking for someone that will train you in Reiki Nur Ilahi, you should ask them from the beginning if this will allow you to teach others in the future or will you have to take another sessions and pay additional fees in order for this to work.

That person should be competent enough to teach everything you need to know and offer support in the future if this is needed since this healing technique is not just for yourself but for others who also need it.

After passing through the course and getting the certificate, it is best to practice Reiki Nur Ilahi with friends who are already into Reiki so they can be used as attunement models. Surely, you will know your success if they feel some improvements. But if you have no one to practice with, you can try doing this first perhaps on a stuffed animal or even a pillow.

Reiki has a deeper purpose because you don’t only heal yourself or others when it can also serve as a guide in your life. You just have to practice until you become confident because you don’t become a master overnight. You have to earn it just like when you first started out as a student who didn’t know much about it but now desires to learn the powers of Reiki Nur Ilahi.

One thing you have to remember about Reiki Nur Ilahi or any of the types is that you did not master it but rather you have been mastered by it. This is because you totally surrender yourself to something bigger and the long term benefits are endless.

Understanding Reiki

With all the stresses brought by the modern world, it is only common to people to look for alternatives in relieving their stress. Aside from resulting to medications and other treatments that give the promise of comfort and relaxations, people are now resulting to ancient means of relieving stress such as Reiki.

The Japanese word “Reiki” refers to a unique technique that is used for reducing stress. Ultimately used to relieve aches brought by too much stress, Reiki is also used to aid relaxation and healing not only of the person’s physical body but his or her soul and spirit as well.

Administered by “laying on hands,” this technique for healing is believed to be effective through the use of an invisible force of life energy that flows in every living and breathing individual.

In the concept of Reiki, it is believed that when the level of a person’s life force energy is incredibly low, he or she will likely to be stressed out more often and have a higher tendency to get sick or ill compared to those people with high level of life energy force.

In Reiki, it is also proven that those people who are living healthy, stress-free and happy lives possess high level of life force energy which enable them to have positive outlook in life. These people also have greater capability to face the challenges of everyday living.

Developed by Mikao Usui, a Japanese Tendai Buddhist in the year 1922, Reiki has been a very popular form of relieving stress to people all over the world. Since its discovery, the technique Reiki has evolved in various forms and has been practiced by numerous Reiki masters across the globe.

Reiki as a means of healing

More and more people are into Reiki in the previous years because the technique has shown great and incredible results. For most people who have tried it, the treatment is a wonderful solution to relieving stress. This is because they don’t have to spend so much money in buying medication that can have grave side effects and they don’t also have to undergo through painful body exercises and unhealthy regimens.

Reiki is considered as a wonderful means of relaxation because it uses the innate warmth and energy in a person. This energy is then converted to a “purer” form of energy—free from the busy schedule and toxicities of modern living. People who have tried Reiki say that the technique does not only treat the person’s physical body but also alleviates the burden in emotions, lessens the clutter of the mind, and nourishes a deteriorated spirit.

When a person is free from all these physical and emotional burdens, he or she will benefit from a relaxed in almost all kinds of environment because the feelings of calmness and serenity are infused within his or her system.

Unlike other techniques for relaxation, Reiki is one of the most simple and all natural means of healing a person’s spirit. In fact, it is so safe that almost all people can make use of it. When used properly and trained religiously, Reiki can be an answer to all the health and emotional problems of people.

But, in order to make use of the Reiki properly, one must attend a class where the ability is transferred. Using “attunement” conducted by a Reiki master, one can easily learn to convert his or her innate energy into a healthy and beneficial use.

Here, the student is guided by the master in tapping the limitless source of energy and use it to improve his or her quality of life.

The Spiritual Awareness Through Shamanic Reiki

Combining the concepts behind shamanism and reiki into a single healing session increases the benefits of the beliefs and practices of both. Shamanic reiki draws its foundations from concepts of shamanic journeying and channeling the living energy to create healing techniques that are powerful and effective in alleviating anxiety, depression, stress, fatigue, and even illnesses.

This reiki technique fully encompasses treatments on the spiritual and energetic levels, allowing the practitioner to discover new ways of healing.

Shamanism is a very old system of beliefs whose roots can be found in pagan traditions and practices that uses the products of the Earth to heal. You’ll find different kinds of shamanism but all practices healing techniques that incorporate the use of herbs and communicating with spirits.

Other similarities of the different forms of shamanism include the belief that shamans are able to control or cooperate with spirits for the benefit of others that existing spirits can be good and bad, and that shamans are capable of treating sicknesses and illnesses. In other words, shamans are often seen as not only priests that communicate with the living world and the world of spirits but as healers, magicians, and teachers as well.

When integrated to the Japanese Reiki, shamanism becomes more encompassing and a lot interesting. With shamanic reiki, the spiritual energy is used to see where exactly in the body do we need to concentrate healing techniques. In shamanism, the healing process revolves around the seven chakras in the human body. Determining which of the seven chakra or life forces is blocked will determine which area to concentrate healing techniques.

Once the area has been determine, shamanic reiki practitioners combine traditional concepts of chakra healing techniques, the use of stones and crystals, as well as the use of medicinal herbs, all of which draws foundations from ancient shamanic healing. Combining these shamanic elements to channeling energy techniques from reiki, and the results can be quite effective.

Among the most popular techniques used in shamanic reiki is the use of crystal during the heal process. More specifically, practitioners of this reiki technique use quarts, rose quarts, and amethyst as a means to channel the life force energy from the hands of the healer to the person being healed. The shamanic reiki energy, together with the crystals helps increase the flow of spiritual energy regaining the balance that was lost. Mental, physical, emotional and spiritual imbalances will be regained after sessions of shamanic reiki procedures.

To increase efficiency, there are combinations of crystals that seem to work well doubling the healing process. Shamanic principles are at play when choosing combinations of crystals, mostly pairing them with the colors that corresponds to the chakras of the human body. For example, tailbone chakra would require black, red, or brown stones and the heart chakra would need to be paired with pink or green stones. The crown requires a white stone or crystal while the throat area requires blue stones.

Also, shamanic reiki incorporates other shamanic healing elements like shape shifting techniques, the use of symbols, the use of spiritual guides and even the shamanic time journeying or astral travel. Shamanic reiki can be complicated but the idea is rather simple.

The use shamanic traditions and techniques to channel the life force energy in all of us to induce healing. Everything boils down to this.

The role Reiki symbols play

One of the significant things that a person—who is planning to get into the practice of Reiki—must know is the Reiki symbols. This is because these symbols play a very important role in carrying out this unique form of spiritual and physical healing.

Known as cryptic symbols that were used in early practices of the traditional Reiki, these symbols were in the shade of controversy for a long period of time. They were also a source of confusion especially for starters in classes because they were not taught to students of until they have moved on to the second level of the spiritual healing. In fact, it took researchers a very long time to really decode the original Reiki symbols because different Reiki masters made many variations.

As times went by, more and more Reiki masters wanted to have their own variation of Reiki as a form of spiritual healing, thus, leading to many variations of the symbols that were used in the practice of Reiki. To be able to clear the controversy that hounds Reiki symbols, many Reiki masters came out with a book containing the “supposedly” original Reiki symbols that are used in the practice.

This, somehow, cleared the air of confusion among Reiki students but degraded some Reiki masters—who have higher level of practice—because now, even the neophytes can learn the secrets to the Reiki practice that took a long time before they can truly master.

Aiding effective practice of Reiki

Today, there are still many variations of Reiki symbols depending on the school where it is being practiced. But, four symbols remain standard to all Reiki classes. The following include:

  1. The Power Symbol or the “ChoKuRei.” Translated as “put all the power of the universe here,” ChoKuRei is used by many Reiki masters because it increases the focus or the power of Reiki. ChoKuRei is usually used before beginning with the practice Reiki because it increases Reiki power and also used in the end of the session for the Reiki healing powers to be sealed. It is also used in cleansing and protecting the person or other things on possible supernatural assault.

  2. The Mental-Emotional Symbol or the “SeiHeKi.” In English, “SeiHeKi” means “God and humanity becomes one.” Reiki practitioners use this symbol in balancing the left and right side of brain to be able to achieve peace as well as harmony. Primarily, SeiHeKi is used to aid the healing of imbalanced mental-emotional levels of a person. People who are problematic in the fields of relationships, mental issues, emotional imbalances, lack of memory, and those addictive problems are advised to use this Reiki symbol.

  3. The Distance Symbol or the “HonShaZeShoNen.” This Reiki symbol is used to clear a person’s emotional and mental state and aids in enabling the channels slowly. In Kanji, the phrase “Hon Sha Ze Sho Nen” can mean five different meanings that include: origin or source, person, just or right, certainty or correctness, and an idea or thought. Primarily used to send Reiki channels in a distant space or time or space, this symbol is used by more and more Reiki masters to be able to send the power of Reiki in the past or in the near and retrieve it when needed.

  4. The Attunement Symbol or the “DaiKoMyo.” This symbol is primarily used in aiding the student to achieve different levels or degree of Reiki power. Also known as a symbol for wisdom and gift of insight, DaiKoMyo is considered as an effective symbol for cleansing and healing a person’s soul and spirit.

The Melchizedek Method Reiki

The Melchizedek method reiki is one of the many types of reiki methods that have found to be widely practiced by people. This reiki method is considered by many practitioners to be one of the most advanced healing techniques available. It teaches a new form of emotional, spiritual, physical and mental healing.

The history of the Melchizedek method started in 1997 as taught by Master Thoth. It was said that the knowledge of this method was handed down to man by the Catacean (whales and dolphins) within the temples of discovery during Atlantean times. The basis used in the techniques presented by the method is activating the Hologram of Love Merkaba rotating light field in trying to awaken one’s spherical consciousness.

Doing so raises one’s quotient of light vibration right down within the human atomic cell structure. Once this light field is activated, the healing capabilities of the Melchizedek method practitioner are enhanced further. Not only that, the heart also awakens and opens more to unconditional love on your normal life.

The Melchizedek method also teaches and encourages a person to take full responsibility for his or her own health, well-being and harmony with the environment as well as other people. Aside from that, the method of healing is also designed to be applied by a person upon another individual. The Melchizedek Method is known for teaching and demonstrating the skill of transporting any part of the body, outer bodies and thought programming into the higher dimensions in order for it to be cleansed and healed.

Once that is done, the body is then returned into its completely perfect physical condition. Holographic healing and rejuvenation is a skill all human beings can practice in the future with the right knowledge. Believers of the method are confident that it will be instrumental in getting rid of illness and disease on the planet in the near future.

One of the interesting aspects of the Melchizedek method is in the activation of the hologram of love, or Merkaba. The Merkaba is said to be the sacred geometric pattern that gave birth to the whole universe. This pattern is said to be based on unconditional love from which everything in the universe resonates. Humans are said to have this hologram of love pattern from within. Awakening it serves the basis in the Melchizedek method.

Meditating in a way that opens the Holographic Merkaba with light will bring forth the call upon a special frequency of 13:20:33 into that field of continuous time. The 13:20:33 frequency is also known as the frequency of no limitation. This frequency is also known to be present in different parts of the body harmonizing it to the whole universe. Having such a frequency allows humans to be in harmony with the creator of the universe.

The tool utilized by the Hologram of Merkaba is a high dimensional active conscious living Divine expression that can gain entry to all levels of consciousness. This tool has the ability to heal and rejuvenate any form of created being as it is the living conscious holographic pattern of the God Source vibration.

The Melchizedek Method reiki helps establish a constant flow of love energy from a person’s heart to that of the source of God as well as to the heart centre of the Earth. Linking this different aspects way allows a person to draw on the spiritual energies of God source and Earth together to reveal a high frequency love healing energy that can effectively uplift the human body into a state of receptivity for healing and rejuvenation.

The ability of accessing original thought form and emotion can be made possible while in this state, completing a powerful experience that can be quite spiritually, emotionally and physically fulfilling.

The Brahma Satya Reiki

Brahma Satya Reiki is a recent evolution of Reiki which originated from India as a result of descent of Shiva-Shakti as Brahma Satya. This descent was said to occur sometime in August of 1997.

It was during this time that Deepak Hardikar was drawn into the waves of this descent in deep meditative states that the brahma sutras, or the universal keys were revealed. Along with this revelation came the existence of the system now known as Brahma Satya Reiki.

In further explaining Brahna Satya Reiki, one must be able to learn and understand its name. “Reiki” is a Japanese word that is the result of joining together of two words. One of the words is “Rei” which means Universal and “Ki” which means the Life Force Energy. As for the Indian origin of the name, “Brahma” means Brahmaan or the Universe and “Satya” means the Truth.

It can be said that “Reiki” is just a similar translation of the original Indian word, “Brahmaprana”. Reiki or Brahmaprana can both be explained as that life force energy which exists all over the universe. It is through that primal energy from which the life forms exist in the entire universe.

Brahma Satya Reiki therefore can be further described as the Universal Truth of the Universal Life Force Energy. Through this new type of Reiki method, it is said that Reiki exists in the form of Shakti, Shiva-Shakti and Shiva. These are considered as the three primal energies which are radiated out of the very source of universal existence.

Through this, practitioners believe Reiki as also to refer to the Divine energy. Each of the three primal energies represents the primal vibrations and has their own special and unique characteristics.

The first primal energy, Shakti, is believed to provide inner strength essential for the realization of any type of task. Shiva is said to be the primal energy that is responsible for the completion or dissolution of any task. Shiva-Shakti is said to be that primal energy which combines the two other primal energies of Shiva and Shakti.

Through Shiva-Shakti the two can be considered either as independently functioning energies or also a joint form of these two primal energies. Shiva-Shakti is a very rare form of primal energy that requires inner strength and an intrinsic realization of the inner core knowledge required for the fulfillment and completion of any task.

This intrinsic realization can also result in the feeling of contentment and satisfaction which can bring about a constant experience of bliss. The Brahma Satya Reiki is the only type of the Reiki system that is known to be based upon the Shiva-Shakti.

In general, Brahma Satya Reiki, just like other forms of Reiki that has been developed through the years, is commonly understood as a holistic natural healing system. It is a system that provides individual well-being. It is a system that is very simple to learn and practice. The Brahma Satya Reiki is also considered as a stress relieving relaxation technique. Practice of the said system can effectively help dissolve existing pains and other struggles experienced by individuals.

The practice of Brahma Satya Reiki focuses attention towards the conscious awareness of all factors that essentially cause the pains and struggles that people experience. Brahma Satya Reiki gives importance upon the practical applicability of reiki, be it related to the physical body, emotional issues or the handling of life’s various adverse situations.

This system of reiki also stresses on the long distance method of healing, which is considered as a definite shift from all of the other existing forms of reiki. This aspect of the Brahma Satya Reiki is a distinct advantage in situations where the touch healing aspect of reiki is too difficult to be practically adopted.

The Beauty in Reiki Healing

In a stressed out world like what we have today, more and more people are opting for other treatments other than using medications to help them achieve a more stable levels of thinking and emotions. This is because they have noticed that the more they depend on medication and treatments related to it, the more they feel weak, stressed out, and sick.

So, instead to suffering from the side effects of various medications, many people opt for a more traditional treatment such as Reiki healing.

Founded on the significant benefits of the human touch, Reiki healing is preferred by more and more people—especially those who are suffering from terminal cases and illnesses—because it provides a more “human” approach to healing. Since it is more soothing and comforting that the number of apparatus that are used in various hospitals and medical centers, Reiki healing has become an option to people who are tired of relying on medical treatments.

What sets this alternative therapy from the modern form of healing today is the more “human” feel into it. Many people prefer this because it lessens the depression their feel brought the illness or emotional pains knowing that a person/people understand what are they going through.

How Reiki healing works

Reiki healing works through the use of the never-ending cycle of love energy in people. Reiki healing utilizes the innate life force energy flowing in each individual and converts it into a more productive energy force.

Transferred from one person to another, this life energy force can heal a person’s emotional imbalance, heals the dying spirit, and calms the mind. If it cannot be channeled from one person to another during a Reiki class, an individual can also use it alone especially if there’s a great need to boost a person’s morale or spirit.

Reiki healing can be a perfect key in solving people’s personal predicaments if only they give it a try. Unlike modern medications that can cost so much money along with numerous side effects, Reiki healing would not rob you off so much money especially if you have mastered it for yourself.

The only expenses you’ll be needing to achieve the benefits of Reiki healing is the fee for enrolment in a Reiki class and references such as magazines and books for practicing Reiki.

For Reiki healing to work properly and effectively, a person must first be able to achieve a higher will. When a person has a high will, it can enable somebody to set aside his or her self-centered intentions. Once this is done, a person can experience a blissful encounter with his or herself and can share this wonderful feeling of healing and contentment to other people.

Reiki healing can also be more effective when a person can channel or transfer his or her energy to those people in need. Once a person can do this, his or her will be accredited to a higher level, which can enable him or her to achieve peacefulness, calmness, and optimism in life.

In Reiki healing, the life force energy is channeled or transferred from one person to another through attunement. Usually takes place in Reiki classes and supervised by a Reiki master, this transfer of life force energy is remotely done to ensure its success.

Aside from healing a person’s spirit, Reiki also helps a person to balance his or her prioties in life to achieve a more relaxed and content life.

The Anugraha Reiki

Anugraha Reiki is one of the many forms of the popular Reiki system of healing. Reiki has its origins traced back to Japan where the practice was developed by a Tendai Budhhist named Mikao Usui in 1922. He was said to have discovered the technique after a 21-day retreat on Mount Kurama.

After undergoing meditation, fasting and prayer during the retreat, Usiu claimed to have received some mystical revelation and was handed down the knowledge as well as the spiritual power for healing.

Reiki has been known to be fairly easy and simple to use. Everyone is said to be able to employ the system to achieve spiritual healing of self as well as others. Teaching the system usually involves three parts which are better known as degrees. The first degree usually teaches the basic theories and procedures with using Reiki energy.

This energy is said to pass through a channel in the body which can be opened by way of four “attunements” given by the Reiki master to a student. The first degree of training also involves the learning of certain hand placements that allow the Reiki energy to heal people.

The second degree of the Reiki training involves the use of the Reiki symbols and how they can be used to enhance healing. Students are also taught how to provide distant healing. This will allow people to be able to heal others without being physically present. The third degree of the Reiki training involves making the student become a Reiki master. As a Reiki master, a person may now be able to attune others to Reiki and teach the system to others.

Different forms of Reiki now exist and each one of them provides different ways of providing spiritual healing. One of them is the Anugraha Reiki which is a mystical healing art that originated in India. The word “Anugraha” means Grace, which is considered as one of the five functions of the Divine that ultimately leads to Liberation or “Mukti”. Anugraha can also refer to the Power of Revelation. On another level, the word can also relate to Mercy.

Just like the Japanese form of Reiki, the first level of Anugraha Reiki focuses on self healing, self awareness, replenishment and perfecting relationship. A Diksha or attunement is given to help activate seldom used parts of the brain. A simple yet advanced spiritual practice is taught to help transform a person’s consciousness and result to deep states of awareness within 30 days.

The second level of the Anugraha Reiki focuses on healing others. During this period, sacred sounds are being taught that is said to help invoke positive consciousness. An advanced form of meditation is also taught. A type of special mantra used to invoke the presence is taught along with the techniques for doing healing work both through personal and long distance means.

The third degree initiation of Anugraha Reiki involves the teaching of the esoteric use of important Reiki symbols that can be used for different means such as for astral projection, meditation, altering time or space, bridging the worlds of life and death, and easing the transition process. There are two additional master symbols are also revealed.
For a student to succeed and qualify for the third degree of teaching, he or she should already be relatively clear of his or her own physical and psychological suffering.

Reiki Training

Reiki training is different when you are beginner compared to someone who has already been introduced to it. In this article, we will talk about the first four levels to give people an idea of what actually happens.

During level one, the instructor will introduce you to the energy. Here, you get to develop a relationship with it by learning how to work with it, how it feels through your body and the effects on using this on yourself and others.

Over the course of two days, you will learn the 4 attunements. There will be enough time given to allow your system to settle into the new space and after a 21 day cleansing session, you will no longer feel any negative energy in your system.

Level two Reiki training should be done at least two months after you have completed level one. During this time, your vibration level should be much higher.

This is also a two day training course where you will receive another attunement that will increases your vibration and make you familiar with three of the four Reiki symbols. You will learn here how to make each of these symbols work and after a couple of days, you will again have to undergo a 21 day cleaning period to remove any negative energy that you may have.

Most people do not go beyond level two because they are already happy with what they have learned. But for those who want to push on and even become a master, they can continue on their way to level three.

It is recommended that you wait at least 6 to 12 months before you take level 3. When you are ready, you will again undergo a two day session so you may received your final attunement. There is another 21 day cleaning period and you may even be taught another Reiki system like the Seichim to help you through.

From here, we go the fourth and final level where you will be taught how to become both a master and a teacher so you may also teach those who want to learn about the Reiki. What makes this different from the first three levels is that you will be taught now from an instructor’s perspective.

This will enable you to come up with your own lesson plans and manuals that you will distribute to your students. You will also learn about boundaries and ethics being a Master Teacher. You might even be given a test by creating a level one training which you will use to treat new comers.

Reiki training is now available in some institutions. You can even enroll in home study programs, online learning and distance instruction. You just have to find the right instructor that can teach you everything there is to know about this healing technique so you get your money’s worth.

If you attend to join a class, you shouldn’t worry about if this is crowded because batches are limited to 4 or 8 students. This will allow each one to have individualized attention from the instructor aside from the manuals that will be given at the start of the class.

Everyone is more than welcome to experience and embrace what Reiki training can do. You just have to keep an open mind and let the positive energy flow within you and cleansing yourself of the negative energies that fill your body, mind and soul.

Reiki Therapy

Reiki therapy involves a lot of elements in just about every alternative healing practice. This is because it uses spiritual healing, meditation, aromatherapy, naturopathy and homeopathy among others to make the person or another feel better.

But what makes this Japanese healing art so unique and popular is that it involves the transfer of energy in order to restore balance in the force.

Reiki therapy has several basic effects. These include deep relaxation, detoxification of the system, the increases the vibration or frequency of the body, provide new vitality in the form of healing energy and removal of negative energy.

In Reiki therapy, the practitioner places his or her hands over the patient. The recipient should be lying down so he or she is completely at ease and ready to welcome the positive energy.

Reiki therapy begins from the head and then works all the way down to the feet. Ideally, this should be placed 2 to 4 inches away from the body of the patient. The hands must be cupped with the fingers closely bonded together and the thumbs pulled upward against the hand so the positive energy that you possess is directed to the one who needs it.

For this to work, both the healer and the person being healed need to take an active part in the healing process. One sends forth the energy while the other should openly receive it.

The strength of Reiki therapy depends on the level of the healer. There are three types and this improves through attunements.

Reiki healers in the fist level are only taught the basic hand positions and the scared symbol so they can perform direct healing over others. In level two, they can now teach the symbols and hand position so they can practice distance healing. In level three, the person should be able to know everything and thus earn the title of master and can already teach this to others.

Are there risks in Reiki therapy? The answer is no. The only thing the patient can do is block the positive energy that is being given but this does not cause him or her harm in any way.

Another thing people should remember is that Reiki therapy works in conjunction with western medicine and other practices. It is simply designed to help the person heal especially for those who need to undergo surgery.

Reiki therapy is not successful after only on session. This has to be done several times until the patient is completely healed and this can only happen the body becomes in tune with itself. A practitioner can even do this to him or herself to reduce the anxiety and stress that happens everyday as people live a happier life if there is both harmony and peace.

If you want to become a Reiki practitioner, you first have to sign up in a class that is conducted by a certified Reiki master. Level one students will have to undergo training for a couple of days and then a 21 day cleansing period before proceeding on to the next one so read the manual and keep an open mind.

There are also Reiki therapy classes offered through distance learning programs and online so its really up to you to embrace the power of this alternative form of healing or not.

Reiki Symbols Revealed

There are many Reiki symbols that have already been revealed and each of them is thought to possess a unique vibration of energy.

At one point, they didn’t have any names and were simply numbered from one to five. But later on, each one of them stood for something and here they are.

The first is called Cho Ku Rei and is referred to as the Power Symbol. In simple terms, this means, “put all the power of the universe here.” This allows the user to draw energy from the surroundings so you can focus it where you want it to.

This can be used for aid in manifestation, cleanse negative energies, empower other Reiki symbols, for spiritual protection, spot treatments, and seal the energies after the treatment.

Next is called Sei He Ki also known as the Mental Emotional symbol because it helps those who are suffering from an emotional or mental imbalance.

Sei He Ki means “God and Humanity Becomes One.” This enables the person to find activate Kundalini during meditations, balance between the left and right side of the brain, bring harmony and peace, cleansing, improve one’s memory, clear blockages and aligns the upper chakras, provide psychic protection, remove addictions, bad energies and negative vibrations.

Third is called Hon Sha Ze Sho Nen. This is a distance symbol that is used to enable the Reiki channel to be able to channel Reiki at a distance regardless if this event happened in the past, the present or the future.

This is an aggregate from the 5 Japanese kanji namely; source, origin, person, right or just, correct certainly and thought or idea. It is also know as a Buddhist chant which means right consciousness is the root of everything.

The fourth symbol is the Tamarasha. It is a basically a balancing and unblocking symbol that may ground and balance energy.

The fifth and last symbol is known as DaiKoMyo that is used to initiate a student to various initiatory Reiki degrees. This is considered to be the most powerful symbol and can only be used by Reiki masters.

This symbol is used t heal the soul since it deals with the person’s spiritual self that can cure a disease or illness from the original source in the aura or energy fields. It can also provide enlightenment and peace as it allows the person to become more intuitive and psychic.

Each of these symbols are activated by drawing them in the palm of your hand, visualizing it or spelling the symbols’ name three times. Then this is placed or drawn on the client’s chakra, hands or wherever this should be treated.

Symbols have power and if you can’t remember how to right it correctly, try recalling the alias because this can also be used to harness that energy. With practice, you will no longer need to remember how they look because you will be able to harness it when needed.

Now that the Reiki symbols have been revealed, you will now be able to use them. Just remember that it is the intention that really matters because as mentioned earlier, each of them are used for various things.

And using the right one is the only way you will be able to solve a problem whether it is physical, mental or psychological.

Reiki Music

Reiki which is pronounced as Ray Key is a holistic healing system that uses universal energy to heal an individual. In order for this to work, you have to be trained by a Reiki master. Since its rediscovery in the early 1900’s, various forms have evolved and some of them use Reiki music.

Reiki music is used to create calm and peaceful atmosphere in order for the healing to take place. This is available for download while some retailers sell these in CD online. One example of this is Shamballa that is often used by seasoned spiritual travelers.

For those who have never done a Reiki session with music before, it is recommended to use one with gentle tunes first before trying out something more diverse. If the site you are visiting allows you to hear a sound clip, try it out so you have an idea where the music can take you.

Do you really need to use Reiki music during a healing session? The answer is no because meditation music or any other kind may also work as long as it is designed for relaxation purposes.

As much as possible, the recording should last for about 60 to 75 minutes which is the average time it takes to feel energized after a session.

Just like a regular session without music, you can tell if it is working when you feel different sensations throughout your body. An individual who feels down will afterwards experience an emotional release or relief.

Once you have found the right Reiki music, you can put it on and then simply sit or lie down in a comfortable position. You then place your hands over your face with the palms over the eyes, touch the tongue to the roof of the mouth with the tip of your tongue just behind the teeth. Remember to inhale and let the energy flow into your body and then let it go out along your arms and out through your face.

The same slow movement should be done with the other parts of the body so you wake up feeling refreshed and recharged.

Reiki wouldn’t be around for more than a hundred years if it is not able to help those recover from emotional disturbances and addictions

In fact, various studies have been conducted and results have shown that patients are able to recover faster after surgery. This is the reason that there are more hospitals and clinics that have started to practice Reiki even before an operation to help them relax.

Those who worship Christianity have also embraced Reiki because its methods help them express compassion towards others and bring them closer to God. This is because Jesus healed with his hands and so is the hand healing technique used in Reiki that has made this very appealing.

Anyone can practice Reiki and you can do this with or without Reiki music because the tune that you hear only helps you relax when the most important thing to learn is the proper hand technique. This can only be taught by a master Reiki and when this is passed on to you, this can also be shared with others.

You just need to keep an open mind and have faith so you may also experience the positive energy that is needed to heal whatever part of the body, mind or soul that requires healing.

Reiki Energy

Reiki is a healing practice that has been practiced for more than a hundred years. By definition, the Reiki energy that is often referred as an essence, symbolizes power, a transcendental spirit and universal.

What makes this different from other forms of alternative healing is that those who possess this power use their hands in curing someone of an illness.

Even the masters themselves cannot explain fully how this works but can only describe it as linking with a cosmic radiant energy that is applied by the practitioner to themselves, to plants, animals and other human beings even over a great distance.

The Reiki energy is drawn through the channel and not sent. In fact, we all have this with us and all we have to do is undergo an attunement process in order for us to heal ourselves or others.

Once you have attained level one, you will be able to detect energy problems that can already tell you if there is an organic problem in your body or with someone else. As your level of experience goes up, your power becomes stronger and those who want to teach what they have learned to others will have to become masters.

One thing you have to remember about Reiki energy is that it cannot be controlled by the mind. If this were the case, it could only be done by those who practice it. But those who practice this believe that their power comes from the Ki. This is something that flows in each of us and by letting it touch the affected part of the body it will heal because it has been energized.

The strength of the Reiki energy is also dependent on one’s thoughts. Negative thoughts will not do much to improve the situation so you must think positive in order for this to work.

Although medical science still wants to conduct more research to learn about the Reiki energy, there are those who are practicing it because studies have shown that this can calm the patient before the operation and make the heal faster afterwards.

How it works or even why some say is because of the power of the mind because how you think does have an affect on the physical well being of a person.

The Reiki energy works from the outside in so that there is balance and order to the body. It should be confused with spiritual healing because it does not have anything to do with your faith that makes it effective.

This is why it is important to understand what this energy is because those who practice this believe that the aura is an extension of the mind that goes way beyond the body.

But those who practice Reiki should remember that Reiki energy that flows is not intended to replace medical treatment. It can only do so much to help a patient and if doctors feel that an operation is needed to permanently fix the problem, you should take their advice because the profession has been around much longer and the advances in science have improved the lives of thousands.

If you have a headache, fighting stress or an addiction, Reiki energy can help you deal with the problem. You just have to think positive and believe.

Reiki and Anemia

Reiki is another form of alternative medicine. Although it can cure certain illnesses, one that has never been thoroughly studied in humans is anemia.

Anemia is a common blood disorder and this happens when the person’s red blood cells are below normal. This often leads to other health problems like fatigue and stress that affects the body’s other organs.

Until such time that there is scientific proof that it can help patients who are suffering from anemia, Reiki should not be recommended or even attempted. The person should seek the help of a medical professional and then work with what is available.

But if Reiki cannot be used to treat those suffering from anemia, where can it be used? This technique has been known to energize the body and relieve it from stress, prevent physical disorders, maintain a balanced state of health as well as minimize a sense of helplessness when faced with a daunting situation. It can be used anywhere and at anytime that may also be used on plants and animals.

The medical community for its part has only done a few tests to check on Reiki’s effectiveness. For instance, a random test shows that it has an adverse effect on the nervous system as it can lower one’s blood pressure, heart rate and breathing.

Another suggests it can help the person fight the symptoms of depression. There was also a report stating that Reiki can aid in patients who are in stroke recovery since positive effects on both energy and mood have been noted.

The nice thing about Reiki is that it is completely safe. The patient does not have to be injected or required to swallow anything. He or she will just have to sit still and just relax while the practitioner puts the hand over the body.

It should also be pointed out that it does not attack the disease but rather supports the person experiencing the disease to encourage him or her to fight it in order to once again have a state of balance.

For those that want to try it, they can do so as long as they use their common sense. If the doctor tells them that they have to take certain medication, it is best that they do follow it and they use alternative forms of medicine like Reiki to help them out.

This is after it has been pointed out that doctors have taken interest with Reiki and other forms of complementary and alternative medicine or CAM which is already taught in most US medical schools.

Despite the lack of tests, some doctors also insist patients to try it out since these are low risk practices that do not have adverse side effects.

The difference between conventional medicine and Reiki is the approach. The traditional way focuses on detection on treatment while the other sees it from a holistic, whole person approach that extends way beyond the person’s pathophysiology.

Is one better than the other? That is really hard to tell. So until such time that Reiki can cure anemia and any other disorder, patients and their loved ones are advised to approach this situation the conventional way given that this the most logical choice.

Just remember that there is nothing wrong thinking outside the box because you might just get lucky and find a cure.

Message From The Heavens: Celestial Reiki

Let’s break the concept down into simpler explanations. If you don’t know what reiki is, in a nutshell, it is a technique or a spiritual practice that is used to heal. In simpler terms the practice help reduce stress and induce deep relaxation, among other benefits.

The technique was developed by Japanese Mikao Usui and was primarily intended as a form of therapy that could be used in tandem with conventional techniques for treating physical, emotional and mental illnesses. It is a healing technique.

The concept of celestial reiki is the same. But instead of having a spiritual experience limited here on Earth, one who practices celestial reiki takes into account the other planets of the solar system as well as stars and constellations, particularly the star constellations of the 12 signs of the zodiac.

According to the teachings of reiki, there’s an energy that can be channeled to help heal diseases. This energy is universal and flows within us as our “life force”. This life force energy dictates our feelings and dispositions. The more active the energy flows through us, the healthier and happier we become.

With celestial reiki, the “life force” that is used to heal in ordinary reiki is taken further. The earth’s core “life force” energy is used to heal the mind, body and soul. And since all planets and star systems emit a particular “life force” signature, celestial reiki practitioners harness that energy and use the energy from the celestial bodies to heal the human body.

Reiki treatment involves the whole body. This includes the body’s physical state and its emotional, intellectual and, of course, the spiritual well being. When you look at it, reiki is a simple self-improvement technique. And since the “life force” energy it teaches is said to be present in all things, anybody can use this energy to heal and promote recovery.

It’s not limited to individual energy, but encompasses the universe. This is why the “life force” energy in reiki is infinite. And regardless of how many times or how many people use it, the “life force” energy can always be utilized to heal.

However, reiki is not taught but rather the ability is transferred by a Reiki master to his student during the stage of what they call “attunement.” At this level, the Reiki master passes the ability of reiki to a student allowing hem to tap to the “life force” energy which will give him the ability to heal wounds and illnesses and generally improve one’s quality of life.

One need to emphasize, however, that reiki is not a religion. Instead, those who practices reiki get more intimate with their own religion, understanding and enriching their own religious beliefs. A reiki practitioner has to promote the way of good living in order to master the flow of the “life force” and promote harmony and peace for true healing to happen.

Going back to celestial reiki, what we currently know about the solar system and stars is given a new light by practicing this form of reiki.

Understand that the universe’s “life force” energy can be channeled it into one’s hands to heal not only on the individual level but eventually heal the whole planet as well. And by connecting with each planet and star system, reiki practitioners are able to accomplish such feat.

Medicine Reiki, A Perfect Union Of East And West

The bear and the eagle, Father Sun and Mother Earth. Nope, this is not an animal or environmental write-up. But rather, this short write-up is about Native American medicine practices and how it can be combined with another Eastern technique called Reiki to come up with a healing method that channels the life force energies of everything that surrounds us.

Practitioners refer to this as Medicine Reiki, a technique which combines the medicinal approaches of Native Americans and the rather spiritual approaches of Japanese Reiki.

But medicine reiki was not created to surpass any other forms of Reiki but it was created because of a realization that there is a way to broaden and deepen the understanding of the energy that binds us all together. It can be seen as a natural course of action, from a general concept as Reiki, to more specialized forms like medicine reiki.

By integrating Native American concepts of healing, beliefs and practices to the knowledge of channeling the life force energy of Reiki, healing takes place faster than when using regular Reiki or ordinary Native American medicines alone. How so, you might ask? The answer all lies on how these two elements work.

We take medicines to heal our physical ailments. But because medicines heal only the physical aspects of our body, the possibility of the illness or disease striking twice is not that far off. Medicines offer merely temporary relief. Reiki on the other hand, is an encompassing discipline which targets the physical, mental, spiritual and mental aspects of our existence. Reiki practitioners use the infinite energy that surrounds us, channels that energy and allow it to flow to anyone or anything that needs healing.

By combining these two elements of healing, you’ll get medicine energy that heals beyond its normal capacity. The combination heals both the physical state and the inner dispositions of the body faster as well.

The concept of medicine reiki is relatively new. It was K’sitew who founded this branch of reiki in the late 90s. From then on it grew and the practice expanded to include other energies.

The good thing about medicine reiki is that it can only be used for healing. Unlike when taken alone, medicines can be good and bad, a dualistic energy source. Reiki is a monadic energy which means it is only good energy thus cannot do any harm. When reiki is integrated with medicine, the dualistic energy of the latter is converted into a monadic energy resulting to a positive form of energy whose only capacity is to heal and not damage or hurt someone.

What also makes medicine reiki different is that the healing process is done in groups or in small communities. Participation of the community is necessary during the healing sessions creating a closer bond between individuals which is great for sharing energy. The closer the bonds between the members of the group, the greater the energy flows within the group, the better and faster the healing process.

Since the founding of this reiki technique, more healing methods have developed which draws its origins from native American medicines.

And as long as practitioners exist, this reiki healing technique will continue to grow and expand bringing forth new healing methods or techniques that will help people challenge their health and energy levels.

Learning About Maori Reiki

Maori Reiki is one of the many forms of the popular Reiki system of spiritual healing. And just like the original Reiki system, it is considered to be as a part of alternative medicine. There are many types of Reiki spiritual healing now available. Most of the prominent ones include Dragon Reiki, Gendai Reiki, Brahma Satya Reiki and the Shamanic Reiki. Maori Reiki is just one of these many forms.

The different forms of Reiki spiritual healing were usually developed in the place where they originated from. Geography alone plays a big part in the development of these different forms of Reiki. As for the Maori Reiki, it was developed from a unique tribe found in New Zealand called the Maoris.

The Maori people are considered as a very spiritual tribe with many of their beliefs based on the spiritual aspect of life. The Maori tribe has developed their own way of spiritual healing through their years of existence. The unique spiritual healing practice has been handed down from generation to generation. The tradition has been carried on by some of the descendants of the Maori tribe even today.

Although the Maori Reiki form of spiritual healing may be similar in some ways with the other Reiki systems, it also has its own distinction over them. The Maori Reiki form of spiritual healing is based a lot on trying to cleanse the body of any spiritual and physical toxic waste. Healing of the body is achieved through getting rid of the spiritual and physical wastes accumulated through the many years.

The main aim of Maori Reiki masters is to cleanse both the body and soul. An excess of waste in the body can slow down and make people feel physically drained and fatigued, thereby affecting daily life. The same thing happens if a person is carrying a lot of spiritual toxic waste. This type of waste can lead to multitude of negative feelings in a person.

Maori Reiki can help people get rid of these physical and spiritual toxins as well as the negative energy that they create. By releasing these toxins, only then can people begin to feel both physically and spiritually whole and balanced once again.

Another difference that Maori Reiki may have on other Reiki systems is that it employs the use of natural objects that help the Maori Reiki master to heal people physically and spiritually. The natural objects particularly used include certain types of wood that carry with them some spiritual properties.

Gemstones, crystals and natural stones are also some of the natural objects that Maori Reiki masters use to heal the spirit and the body. The use of herbs and other natural remedies that also carry spiritual and healing properties is also employed to further aid the Maori Reiki master.

In a typical Maori Reiki session, it is essential that a person needs to get in touch with more nature. This is the initial belief since the past generations of the Maori tribe were very naturalistic and holistic in their approach to healing. By using the tools that nature has provided for them, Maori Reiki masters can use the energy that these objects impart to aid healing people from the inside out.

People can experience the unique Maori Reiki spiritual healing treatments if they are dealing with a multitude of physical and emotional stress. Substance abuse or drug addiction may also be alternatively treated using the Maori Reiki system.

Kundalini Reiki For Free

If you look at it, Kundalini reiki is quite simple. It aims to the open up the energy within our body and channel it into a form that can be used for healing. It encompasses the elements of traditional reiki and the practices and beliefs of yoga. The main objective is to reach the highest spiritual level possible, being united with the divine. A free kundalini reiki discussion follows.

There has been a lot of name for it. It has been referred to as “Kundalini fire”, the “serpent energy”, the “coiled energy”, and even the “dormant power.” If you’re going to follow Hindu beliefs, you will learn that Kundalini is a serpent goddess whose favorite place is at the base of the spine where she sleeps, waiting for someone to wake her up.

Waking Kundalini means releasing an immense energy within us, an energy that will push out of every chakra opening in the body creating sensations of bliss, ecstasy, increase physical powers, visions, brilliance, and even pain.

In Kundalini reiki, there are three levels of attunements each aims at strengthening the energy channels in the body to allow the Kundalini energy to flow out, cleansing blockages that might have accrued in time. The healing energy of the Kundalini allows practitioners to treat using a variety of methods, some hands-on healing while others are long-distance healing techniques.

Although the concept is simple enough, problems are usually encountered in awakening individual Kundalini. It is said that only a few people have actually reached the level of Kundalini awakening. Some have prepared themselves for years trying to awaken their own Kundalini but to no avail.

There are different ways to open the window for a Kundalini awakening. Deep meditations, yoga, and events like trauma or near death experiences can be triggers to releasing the sleeping Kundalini energy. According to beliefs, there have been two effective exercises in the past that proved to be successful in awakening the Kundalini. The breath technique or the kumbhaka is one of them. And the other is the three locks or bandha traya.

But awakening the Kundalini is just half the battle. If years have been spent just preparing for the release of this dormant energy, it will almost take the same time to receive the cleansing process brought forth by the awakening of the Kundalini. Mastering the energy of Kundalini begins with the lowest chakra and moves it way up to the head or the crown chakra. The process might take years.

Even though Kundalini is meant for healing, the enormous energy it releases can cause some level of discomfort. In such situations, there is a necessity to purify the body which means removing in its system drugs, alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, and greasy foods. Stress should be reduced as well and other issues that might come up whether psychological or emotional should be treated.

When released properly, Kundalini reiki heals the body, reducing stress and providing renewed energy. The combination of traditional reiki practices and the energy of the kundalini fire are effective in promotion spiritual growth and healing geared towards the attainment of enlightenment.

By learning kundalini reiki, you will acquire the knowledge of the various ways to give treatment to another person, the various techniques of healing yourself and the different methods of long-distance healing.

It all starts with this free Kundalini reiki discussion. I hope you pursue this path towards enlightenment.

Feiki Reiki

Reiki is an ancient method of healing that has been used for centuries. Since it’s reintroduction in the early 20th century, various methods have been produced and one of them although considered by some as radical is called Feiki Reiki.

But why is it a radical form of Reiki? This is because the technique not only recharges your energy but it also awakens your senses. This makes you realize that nothing lies outside ourselves when the power and everything else we need is within us.

We have to tap that power to become better individuals and that can only be done by learning from a master and then improving who we are.

Regardless of what you choose to use, the purpose of Reiki is still the same. This technique teaches you to use the surrounding energy to heal your body and give you or whoever you are helping inner peace.

By practicing this regularly, you will be able to clear your body of negative energies that are mental blocks and causes of illness. This keeps you healthy and strong as well as gives your more creativity to flow through your mind.

One thing that you can’t miss even in radical Reiki is balance. This includes not only physical balance but also for the mind and spirit which gives you time to relax and revitalize your body.

If you want to learn conventional or radical Reiki, you have to start at level 1 training. The instructor will first teach you about the symbols and then after going through a cleansing period, you may choose to learn the other levels to the point that can even make you become a master.

There are a few attributes that go with Feiki Reiki. First is purification that is associated with a pure form of energy. It is often said that this can move into one that causes a higher vibration of energy to move through that person and thus causes healing. The second attribute is being able to transform fear and negative thoughts into an attribute. In short, you face your fears until you are no longer afraid of them.

Once you have mastered them, you will be able to call on a specific universal energy to help with your healing.

Feiki Reiki is often online. You can find it by typing this in a search engine or maybe look it up in your local area so you don’t have to travel very far to learn this but if you have no choice, you can just opt for distance learning.

The use of Feiki Reiki is not very common compared to the other forms available. Just the same, its focus is still to help you heal from any emotional, physical or spiritual problem that you or others may have. By using it regularly and making this a part of your daily life, you will realize that it can also serve as a guide.

After all, life is meaningless without a purpose and this may be the key to help you on your way. So read up on it to find out if Feiki Reiki is the right technique for you. If possible, talk to an instructor. There are plenty to choose from and that is something you have to find out for yourself.

Egyptian Reiki

Egyptian Reiki is better known as Reyad Sekh Em? Rei is the universal life force while Sekh Em is energy from the four elements namely air, earth, fire, ether (spirit) and water. It is designed to heal more deeply bringing greater balance on all levels be it emotional, mental, physical or spiritual.

Egyptian Reiki just like the Japanese version commonly being practiced today includes a negative energy drain that helps remove symptoms of depression or deep seated pain.

This ultra high vibrational healing system was developed by Joanna Bristow Watkins who traveled to Egypt several times and came up with this using an authentic Khemitian approach.

Patients who will undergo treatment will receive a 5 minute consultation prior to the treatment and asked to remove any jewelry or any items that may restrict the healing process except for one’s clothing.

The practitioner will then place their hands lightly on the patient’s body in different positions to start the healing process. However, if the session is to treat bruises or burns, the hands will not touch the body.

The session will last for one to two hours. If you happen to fall asleep, don’t feel bad because this is the body’s way of healing itself.

Egyptian Reiki is different from other types of healing because it usually takes just one session before results are noticed. Although it is very similar to Japanese Reiki, this method can help the person deal with spiritual problems while the other cannot.

Most people that have undergone Egyptian Reiki claim they feel sensations such as tingling warmth or heat while others feel cold. It is also possible that one may have a heightened sense of emotions but the vast majority felt a sense of calm and relaxation.

After the session, the patient may feel a renewed zest for life while others may feel exhausted. Although you may feel something in the first session, the healing process usually takes three days to three weeks to complete before everything is back to normal. During the course of the healing process, the patient is advised to drink lots of water and rest whenever possible.

Egyptian Reiki has been effective in treating chronic aches and pains as well as energetic, mental and physical disorders. But because it is only an alternative form of medicine, this must be not be substituted with medical science.

Reyad Sekh Em is completely safe. Those who want to practice it can also learn this so they too can help others that are suffering.

There are five levels that people have to master to become a master and it doesn’t matter if you have experience in Reiki or not because everyone will be taught at an even pace so no one will be left behind.

There is also a three week cleansing process. During this time, the person should let go of old issues, eat healthy and organic food, drinks lots of spring water, exercise and rest. This will prepare you for the next lesson so eventually you may become a master.

The extent to which cleaning is felt during the cleansing process shows how much a person has changed. This can change you entirely and even your outlook in life because you need to harness unconditional love to give this to whoever needs it and which is the true essence of Egyptian Reiki.

Discovering dragon Reiki

When it comes to spiritual healing, dragon Reiki is considered as one of the most popular forms there is. This is because many people who have tried it believe that this kind of Reiki is very effective and powerful in terms of calming the person’s emotional upheavals that cause great stress.

Unlike the traditional Reiki—which is practiced only to bring the feelings of serenity and peacefulness in a person—dragon Reiki is preferred by more and more people especially those who are suffering from terminal illnesses. This is because many patients believe that because of the powerful life energy force that is awakened in during a session, it gives the patient more will and optimism to live and get well.

Because of the effectivity of dragon in healing people who suffer from major illnesses, this has been practiced in many medical institutions juts like clinics and hospitals. In fact, more and more hospitals are offering dragon Reiki as a part of the overall treatment process because the doctors themselves believe that this fuels the hope and positivism of the patient.

Just like the traditional practice of Reiki, dragon Reiki was discovered and originated in Japan. But, in order to veer away from the confines of the traditional practice, various Reiki masters opted to conduct further studies away from its origin country to make it more versatile, effective, and powerful.

These Reiki masters traveled all parts of the world and search for practices and concepts that can improve the dragon Reiki healing. One of the countries where Reiki masters stayed for a long time in studying this art of healing is China.

Being a country—where various traditional and alternative healing were existent—Reiki masters discovered that people in this country could help them in improving this art of healing. The country is also advantageous for Reiki masters because the Chinese tradition believed that an effective spiritual healing could be derived from the sanctity of the dragon.

Believing that that “dragon” can be strong link in healing a person’s spirit because of its innate connection with nature, any people in China adopted the concept of the healing process.

True enough, more and more Chinese people were into dragon Reiki as a healing form and spread the world to the rest of the country. In a matter of years, dragon Reiki became one of the most opted and popular forms of spiritual healing in all parts of the country.

Healing through dragon Reiki

Since it has stemmed from the traditional Reiki, which uses the person’s innate life energy force, dragon Reiki also makes use of this invisible force—only, it focuses on the person’s balanced spirituality. Dragon Reiki masters say that a person can be healed through this form of healing if they can develop the ability to bring forth their emotional and physical life forces.

To be able to be healed, people must have a proper balance of spirituality to be able to awaken the positivism in them. When a person achieves this balance in spirit, he/she can live life to its fullest extent—stress free and content.

What sets dragon Reiki from the other types is that it aims to heal not only the person’s body and emotions but also nurtures his or her spirituality—opening newer and larger horizons for change and growth.

Celtic Reiki, Drawing Energy from Nature

Energy flows fro m the hands of a practitioner towards the person being healed. This is how reiki healing is conducted. Using the life force energy that is present in and all around us to heal and re-establish balance in one’s being is one of the basic beliefs of reiki.

And taking this life force energy a little further, practitioners have entered into realizations and developed several reiki techniques to promote healing faster. One of which is a version called Celtic reiki.

Celtic reiki utilizes the energy flows present on Earth and specific plants. Practitioners of this reiki use not only the universal “life force” energy present in all things but also the specific energy found in nature to heal those who needs healing.

This reiki system comes from the religious beliefs of early Celts. To the early Celts, trees are important aspects of their religion believing that trees have their own spirits. They gave the trees such high regards that they even patterned their writing system based on the trees.

The Celts’ Ogham, which is the ancient writing of Celtic people, uses symbols or letters that are cut as a series of notches and symbolizes different kinds of trees. Each letter represents a different kind of tree, specifically chosen for qualities that can be linked to spiritual concepts.

Some of the trees that are represented in the Celtic alphabet include the silver fir, birch, hawthorn, heather, ash, oak, willow, elder, yew, grove, ivy, hazel, and honeysuckle. Practitioners of Celtic reiki use the symbols from the Ogham. This reiki also follows the Celtic philosophy of bravery, honor, integrity, valor and reverence.

But even though Celtic reiki draws influences from ancient Celtic religion, the practice itself is not a religious one. But rather it is a therapy that aims to treat the mind, body and spirit. It is not connected to any religion and as such can be passed down to everybody regardless of age, race, gender, and culture.

Celtic reiki was created by Martyn Pentecost. It was developed further Julie Norman. Practitioners of this reiki see this technique as a beautiful and earthy form. Having foundations on earth energy, this reiki has to channel the energy vibrations from the earth, specific plants, trees and the ocean through the root chakra as opposed to the crown chakra that is where conventional reiki channels the energy.

The techniques developed by Pentecost between 1998 and 2000 are used for therapy and goal creations. Combining the concept of the original reiki and the various Celtic beliefs and rituals, the Celtikc reiki techniques were created to handle day to day activities like tackling issues of prosperity, finance, work, and building relationships.

People who are interested in plants, trees, and tree and plant legend or lore, are often drawn to the Celtic reiki belief. Men in particular are drawn closer to the Celtic reiki because it seems that this reiki has more masculine types of energy. But in reality, Celtic reiki is regarded as an equal among the other kinds of reikis.

The Celtic reiki treatment usually lasts for an hour and involves placing the hands in strategic locations and in specific sequences that will elicit a deep state of relaxation.

A student achieving attunement means having been open to the tree and plant energies, the ethics of stuff, the various Celtic symbols, hand placements, moon phases, and the various aspects of soul journeying, retrieval, and realization.

Abundance and Prosperity Reiki

Everyone deserves to be happy. In fact, this can only happen when there is abundance and prosperity which happen to be the basic principles of Reiki.

Abundance and prosperity Reiki can only be achieved by following the five principles namely give cheerfully, change your voice if you want to desire, know your life’s purpose, be aware that there must be no mistakes or regrets and living the mantra.

Dr. Usui believed that by having these in our thoughts and what we say, we are able to live positive lives. If we dwell in doubt and other negative things, our dreams will never happen.

As Reiki practitioners, we should use our talent not only to heal ourselves and those around us but also the world at large. This is because attunement strengthens our thoughts making us realize that we have a potential to do more in our life.

But you have to admit that words have different meanings for each of us. For some abundance and prosperity means more money and wealth while some may see it as success in business or in one’s career.

Of course this definition may also mean having a loving marriage and a loving family. It just goes to show that it does not always mean material things.

This is probably one of the things that make us extraordinary among the other species in the planet because we have the creative power of divine heart and mind connection. We just have to tap this gift and use it so we may be able to fulfill or even find our purpose in life.

So what are money, love and peace? Such things are energies that we see as reality. But such a belief is not pointed in just one direction when Reiki’s energy is universal and we can use that power to change what is happening around us.

One thing we have to remember is that there are universal laws that govern abundance. Seasons come and go and despite everything, we are just limitless beings. This is why man must strive for the highest good and hold on to things that are only of value to ourselves.

When we feel that things are not going our way, this is the time that we must reflect and see if the things that are considered to be important hold the same priority as they did before. If they do not, this must be removed and then changed to a positive energy that can produce something better. In essence, we let go of the old to make room for the new.

How do you begin this journey? By creating a list of what is important in your life, reviewing each one and then figuring out which of these have to go. It is best to pay attention to how you feel about each one and then only keep those that add value to your quality of life.

This is probably the most important part in any level of Reiki as you are undergoing the 21 day cleansing process. Afterwards, you can move on with our life because Abundance and Prosperity can be achieved by using Reiki as your guide.

If you need references, look at the manual that was given to your during the 2 day training because this is not something you read and throw away.

Learning About Reiki

What is Reiki? Reiki is a Japanese type of spiritual practice also used for stress reduction and relaxation. It is a technique that also helps promote healing either for self or for other people. It is characterized as a practice of “laying of hands”.

The healing powers of the technique are based on the idea that there is an unseen “life force energy” that flows through each person. This life force is said to be the reason why people are alive. When one’s life force energy is low, then people are likely to get sick or feel weak. If the life force is high, people fell healthy and happy.

Reiki is also a form of meditation used as a type of therapy for treating physical, emotional, and mental diseases. The name Reiki is taken from two Japanese characters that describe energy itself. The word “rei”, which means “unseen” or “spiritual” and “ki” which means “energy” or “life force” is combined to become Reiki. In English, its meaning is usually given as “universal life energy”.

It was Mikao Usui who was known to have developed Reiki in 20th century Japan. Story has it that Usui received the ability of healing after going through three weeks of fasting and meditating on top of Mount Kurama. Practitioners of Reiki use a technique similar to that of the laying on of hands.

This action is said to promote the channeling of “healing energy” to another person. The energy flows through the palms and brings along with it healing powers that can be used for self-treatment as well as for treating others.

Reiki is a simple, natural as well as safe method of dispensing spiritual healing and self-improvement. It is said to be effective in providing alternative treatment for virtually every known illness and malady. Not only that, Reiki also helps create an added beneficial effect, that of spiritual healing. This method is also said to work well when combined with other medical or therapeutic techniques to help relieve side effects and promote recovery.

Reiki, although seen as a very powerful healing technique, is an amazingly simple to learn. Reiki and the ability to use it effectively cannot be taught in the usual sense. The skill is said to be “transferred” to the student during a Reiki class.

This ability is not merely learned but is passed on by a Reiki master to the student during a gathering known as “attunement”. After the skill has been passed on, it allows the student to tap into an unlimited supply of “life force energy” that can then be used to improve one’s health and enhance the one’s quality of life.

Although the practice of Reiki may be spiritual in nature, it is not considered as a religion. There are no set of beliefs that one should learn about before learning to practice the technique known as Reiki. The practice does not depend on any form of dogma.

It will work whether the student believes it or not. But it is said that the practice of Reiki helps people to keep in touch of their spiritual selves rather than the intellectual concept that it provides.

The practice of Reiki also aims to develop and promote living in harmony with others. Aside from practicing Reiki and its principles, the founder of the Reiki system, Mikao Usui also recommends the practice of simple ethical ideals that can lead to peace and harmony among people.

Getting to know what Reiki is may help people not only become a healing channel but also a tool to promote peace among other people.

Which Family Tree Software Is Best-Suited For Your Needs?

Whenever you’re doing a project that requires gathering a large amount of information, it will be truly hard to keep the project as neat and structured, if you do things manually. The same concern will also apply to creating a family tree.

With undertaking a family tree project, you will be collecting lots of information from different sources, and with all the time and effort you’ve invested, you certainly want to ensure that your family tree project will be structured, and everything is in its proper place. To make your genealogy project an easier task, you could turn on to specialized family tree software for help. Here are some tips for selecting the right family tree software for your needs.

Find Out What Exactly Are Your Requirements

Here are a few important things to keep in mind when choosing the right genealogy software for your family history project.

  • First, ask yourself what you want to do with your family tree information. Do you want to have ornate and large wall-sized trees? And would you be including audio, photos, videos into it? Some people also want to have a software that helps them create a Web page family tree, and therefore will be looking for programs that can help them store names and dates, and also help them design a family tree Web page.

  • If you’re planning to share your family tree research online, some genealogy programs will allow you to upload family tree data online, in a wide variety of formats. Some family tree software programs also offer tools for printing family history books and other reading material.

  • What kind of charts and reports will you be printing? Choose family tree software programs that easily allow you to print different family templates and formats, and can also transfer data to other software programs without losing or corrupting your information.

  • Would you be willing to take the time and effort to learn all the features of the software program you choose? If you think you’ll easily get bewildered or frustrated with reading or sifting through manuals, you may wish to go for simple but fancy software programs which can do a myriad of tasks, without knocking your senses off. With lots of family tree software programs available today, getting the right software to meet your requirements can sometimes be a tough task. Genealogy programs vary, and each offer a wide array of opportunities for storing extra information, organizing your research, formatting data and producing different types of charts.

Choosing the appropriate family tree software program for you will, in the end, be a matter of personal choice and preference. Whatever the software program’s rankings or price range is, just make sure you choose updated versions of your chosen software program, so that it will be able to speed-up your family tree research process.

What To Do When You Hit A Brick Wall In Your Family Tree Project

Family trees a wonderful illustrations that depict a family’s rich and colorful lineage. There are different family tree types, and you may feel free to use which type suits your fancy. However, once you’re in the middle of your search for ancestors and long-lost relatives, and you hit a brick wall, what should you be doing? What if you don’t know your ancestor’s parents, or where they originally lived, should you be stopping your family history search?

Everyone Will Run Into A Brick Wall at Some Point in Their Family History Search

Once the trail of clues in your family history search starts to muddle, or get nowhere, this should be time to know that you’re actually running into a blank wall. If your research on a particular ancestor runs into a stopping point, don’t panic. Maybe it’s just time you change your game plan. Here are some nice tips to follow.

  • In your process of doing your family tree research, you will most likely be running across other distant relatives who have the same descendants. The information they may have on a few people could be useful to you. Try comparing notes, and select the information that may allow you to build into your family tree, and fill up the blank spaces.

  • Review the details you already have. Organizing your files, and reviewing your facts may help you uncover the clues that you’re painfully looking for.

  • Go back to your original source. Who knows, you may have misread a person’s name, or misinterpreted a relationship. Always make sure to go back to your original records. Make photocopies or digital copies of any document or transcription, and record all documents and clues, regardless of whether they’re important or not.

  • If you hit a brick wall on a certain ancestor, extend your family history search to his or her family members and neighbors. If you cant find a birth certificate of your ancestor which lists his or her parents, try finding a birth certificate for his siblings. Re-check your original sources, and find out if you’ve wrongly-entered a census record, or misinterpreted a migration pattern.

Even if your ancestor or descendant were living in the same town or county, you could be simply looking at the other direction, or searching in the wrong jurisdiction. Over time, a town, city or county’s boundaries and limits will change, and the civil records or census figures may also be transferred from one entity to another. If you continue to hit a brick wall in your family history search, ask for help online. Post a question to a genealogical forum, community message board or Web site,as well as check with your local historical or genealogical society, or go to the local newspaper’s office . Tell them what you already know, and also tell them what you’d like to know about your ancestor.

What Makes A Well-Crafted Family Tree?

Family trees make for great visual representations of your family history and ancestry. Although there are no fixed rules on what makes a good family tree, genealogy experts stress that a well-crafted family tree should have all the information, facts and numbers accurately depicted.

The family tree could be as small or as large as you want it to be. Whatever the size, remember to always ensure adequate space for expanding your project. You can use a notebook or a large binder, so that you will have extra space for letting your family tree chart grow as it needs to be. Here are other aspects that make a well-crafted family tree.

A Family Tree Has to Be Well-Researched

A good example of a well-crafted family tree is one that has been extensively researched, with no blank spaces in your lineage. Well-researched family trees generally have no blank spaces when it comes to names, dates, places and other pertinent information. But if you think some of the details are sketchy and you’re not 100% sure of, interview your family members again, and compare each of the details you get.

Easy-To-Follow Family Tree Formats Make For Better Reading

A well-crafted family tree chart should also have an easy-to-follow format. Always ensure that you keep your information and lines as simple and clean as possible. An easy-to-follow and visually-appealing family tree chart will make for a refreshing and informative reading experience, and will also help avoid confusing you and your tree’s viewers, since it won’t be jammed with too much information. However, if you plan on putting all the information you gathered into your genealogy chart, it would be best if you create a bigger chart instead, to include more details of your family’s history.

Keep Your Data As Accurate As Possible

Lastly, before you write anything on each box or line, always ensure the accuracy of your data, so the information on your family tree will be correctly preserved and recorded. You could ask your family members and relatives to take a look at your completed genealogy chart, and ask if they see anything suspiciously erroneous or misplaced. It would also help if you take a look at the family tree charts made by other members of your family or friends. Not only will you be gaining extra ideas for your own family chart project, but you will also find some information that’s worth putting into your own chart.

There are a lot of ways for enhancing your family tree project. With a little online research, and a lot of interviews and suggestions from your family and relatives, you’ll be